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Solar Hydrogen Fuel Cell Water Heater (Educational Stand)

Solar Hydrogen Fuel Cell Water Heater (Educational Stand)

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Published by Mahmoud Shaaban
Graduation Project 2010
Cairo University - Faculty of Engineering - Department of Mechanical Power
by: Mahmoud M. Emam - Ahmed Ali - Khaled Ali - Radia M. El-Deeb - Tarek El-Gammal
supervised by : Prof. Dr. Hany Khater - Prof. Dr. Adel Khaleel - Dr. Galal Mostafa

The whole world is directing its efforts to get over the end of the non-renewable fuel era by introducing renewable and clean sources of energy. Electrolyser Fuel Cell systems are one of the efficient ways of storing and producing energy which have great demands in engineering applications.Fuel Cells need Hydrogen and Oxygen to work. So, we can use Solar Energy. Solar energy is the greatest and free renewable source of energy as it is supplied by the sun. A Photo voltaic Solar Cell is a special type of solar cells in which solar energy is converted into an electric voltage (or current). The current will be used to produce hydrogen and Oxygen in an electrolyser using water electrolysis process. The hydrogen and Oxygen produced will first be stored and then be used by a fuel cell to produce current, heat and water.In large scale applications, the water vapor possessing the heat can then be passed through a counter current heat exchanger to heat water. Thus, hot water will be available for household,companies…etc using a natural everlasting source of energy.On a small scale water vapor cannot be used as it is too little for a 1.7 Watt Fuel cell. Thus, in our project, only the current produced by the fuel cell will be used to heat water in a small heater or to run a simple load.A study of the characteristic curves of each of the photo voltaic cell, the electrolyser and the fuel cell will be performed by varying the input light intensity through varying the distance of an electric lamp from the solar panel.The knowledge of different heat and mass transfer mechanisms, system process design, equipment selection, material selection, instrumentation, data acquisition, data analysis, and performance tests are the required qualities to be gained by our team and passing it to junior students at the mechanical department. This is in addition to comparing between theoretical and actual experimental data which gives more sense of the difference between paper work and reality.
Graduation Project 2010
Cairo University - Faculty of Engineering - Department of Mechanical Power
by: Mahmoud M. Emam - Ahmed Ali - Khaled Ali - Radia M. El-Deeb - Tarek El-Gammal
supervised by : Prof. Dr. Hany Khater - Prof. Dr. Adel Khaleel - Dr. Galal Mostafa

The whole world is directing its efforts to get over the end of the non-renewable fuel era by introducing renewable and clean sources of energy. Electrolyser Fuel Cell systems are one of the efficient ways of storing and producing energy which have great demands in engineering applications.Fuel Cells need Hydrogen and Oxygen to work. So, we can use Solar Energy. Solar energy is the greatest and free renewable source of energy as it is supplied by the sun. A Photo voltaic Solar Cell is a special type of solar cells in which solar energy is converted into an electric voltage (or current). The current will be used to produce hydrogen and Oxygen in an electrolyser using water electrolysis process. The hydrogen and Oxygen produced will first be stored and then be used by a fuel cell to produce current, heat and water.In large scale applications, the water vapor possessing the heat can then be passed through a counter current heat exchanger to heat water. Thus, hot water will be available for household,companies…etc using a natural everlasting source of energy.On a small scale water vapor cannot be used as it is too little for a 1.7 Watt Fuel cell. Thus, in our project, only the current produced by the fuel cell will be used to heat water in a small heater or to run a simple load.A study of the characteristic curves of each of the photo voltaic cell, the electrolyser and the fuel cell will be performed by varying the input light intensity through varying the distance of an electric lamp from the solar panel.The knowledge of different heat and mass transfer mechanisms, system process design, equipment selection, material selection, instrumentation, data acquisition, data analysis, and performance tests are the required qualities to be gained by our team and passing it to junior students at the mechanical department. This is in addition to comparing between theoretical and actual experimental data which gives more sense of the difference between paper work and reality.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Mahmoud Shaaban on Jul 14, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial No-derivs

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05/01/2014

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Cairo University Faculty of EngineeringMechanical Power Dept.
 
Solar Hydrogen Fuel Cell Water Heater
 
Educational Stand
 
Supervised by
Prof. Dr. Hany KhaterProf Dr. Adel KhalilDr. Galal Mostafa
Introduced by
B.Sc. Graduation Proect 2010
Ahmed Ali Ali El-BeltagyKhaled Ali Ali El-BeltagyMahmoud Mohamed EmamRadia M. Fekry El-DeebTarek Mahmoud El-Gammal
 
 
 
The existence of energy was never a problem as much as how to extract, transform, and store itinto a useful form. Human history tells us stories about fights over energy sources from thesimplest food fights, which is the source of energy for the body, to the world wars over thesources of fossil fuels in modern time. Therefore, energy is the soul of life and existence. Humancivilization is based on the use of energy in more effective ways to increase the industrial production and human comfort.
 
One of the most important trends of energy sources in the 21
st
century is Solar Energy. Solar Energy is a clean, renewable and cheap, actually free-cost, energy source. But the maindisadvantages are that it is not available at night, in addition to the high utilization cost.Consequently storing energy is an important issue in order to provide the continuousavailability of energy.
 
Fuel cells offer cleaner, more-efficient alternatives to the combustion of gasoline and other fossil fuels. They have the potential to replace the internal combustion engines in vehicles and provide power in stationary and portable power applications because they are energy-efficient, clean, and fuel-flexible. Hydrogen or any hydrogen-rich fuel can be used by this emerging technology. It isvisualized that as fossil fuels run out, hydrogen will become the major world fuel and energyvector.
 
 
Cairo University Faculty of EngineeringMechanical Power Dept.
 
Solar Hydrogen Fuel Cell Water Heater
(Educational Stand)
Supervised by
Prof. Dr. Hany KhaterProf Dr. Adel KhalilDr. Galal Mostafa
Introduced by
Ahmed Ali Ali El-BeltagyKhaled Ali Ali El-BeltagyMahmoud Mohamed EmamRadia M. Fekry El-DeebTarek Mahmoud El-Gammal
B.Sc. Graduation Project ( 2010 )
 

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