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Nagarjuna's Four Point Analysis

Nagarjuna's Four Point Analysis

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Published by Milan Shakya
Nagarjuna's Catuskoti or tatrelemma theory according to his magnum opus Mulamadhyamakakarika. The four points to be refuted concerns the causation theory of other religious systems. They are: 1 Self produced, 2, Other Produced, 3. Both, 4. Without Cause.
Nagarjuna's Catuskoti or tatrelemma theory according to his magnum opus Mulamadhyamakakarika. The four points to be refuted concerns the causation theory of other religious systems. They are: 1 Self produced, 2, Other Produced, 3. Both, 4. Without Cause.

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Published by: Milan Shakya on Jul 15, 2010
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03/20/2013

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af}4frfo{ gfufh'{gsf] rt'isf]l6 l;4fGt
The Four Point Analysis of Buddhist Acarya Nagarjuna
ldng zfSolzIfs, af}4 ljefu,kf6g ;+o'Qm SofDk;dWod k|ltkbfsf] bz{g cyf{t dfWolds bz{gnfO{ slxn]sfxLdxfofg af}4wd{sf] s]lGb|o bz{gsf ¿kdf klg lng] ul/G5 . cemo;nfO{ t ;Dk"0f{ a'4wd{s} s]lGb|o bz{gsf ¿kdf klg lnOG5 .o;sf] sltsf] dxTj /x]5 eGg] s'/f o;}n] klg bzf{pF5 . dfWoldsbz{g
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¿kd\ z"Gotf z"Got}j ¿kd\ . ¿kfGg k[yu\ z"Gotf . z"Gotfof+ g k[yu\ ¿kd\
%
 
cyf{t ¿k z"Gotf xf] / z"Gotf g} ¿kxf] ¿kaf6 z"Gotf cnu 5}g / z"Gotfaf6 klg ¿k cnu 5}g elgPsf]xf] . a'4 wd{sf] l;4fGt cg';f/ ;+;f/sf ;a} j:t'x¿ k|tLTo;d'TkGg5g\ x]t' k|Toojf6 pTkGg ePsf x'g . h'g k|tLTo;d'TkGg 5g\ tLz"Gotf :jefjsf x'G5g\ . To;}n] rt':tjM eGg] u|Gydf gfufh'{gn]Vg'x'G5,
æoM k|tLTo;d'TkfbM z"Gotf ;}j t] dtf . efjM:jtGqtf] gf:tLlt l;+gfb:tjf:t'nM
.. @@ ..Æ
^
cyf{t\ h'g k|tLTo;d'Tkfb xf] z"Gotf klg ToxL xf] eGg] eujfg\ a'4sf] dt 5 .s'g} klg wd{ jf kbfy{ -efj_ :jtGq cyf{t x]t'k|Toolg/k]If 5}g .o:tf] eujfg\ a'4sf] c;fwf/0f l;x+gfb xf] . d"n dWodssfl/sfsf]d+unfr/0fd} cfrfo{ gfufh'{gn] o:tf] n]Vg'ePsf] 5 M
clg/f]wdg'Tkfb
 – 
dg'R5]bdzfZjtd\ .cg]sfy{dgfgfy{dgfuddlgu{dd . oM k|tLTo;d'Tkfb+ k|k~rf]k;d+ lzjd\ . b]zofdf; ;Da'4:t+ jGb] jbtf+ j/d\ .
 
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cyf{t\h'g j:t' k|tLTo;d'TkGg 5 To;sf] pTklQ x'Gg, lg/f]w x'Gg,zfZjt, pR5]b klg x'Gg, km/s / ;dfg klg x'Gg cfjfudg OToflbklg x'Gg . of] g} ;a} ljsNk / k|k~reGbf k/ /x]sf] pkzd jf lgjf{0f xf] . o:tf] wd{b]zgf ug'{x'g] zf:tf eujfg\a'4nfO{ gfufh'{gn] jGbgf ug'{ePsf] 5 . To;}n] @& j6f k/LIff ePsf] d"ndWodssfl/sfn] ;a} caf}4 tyf cGo af}4bz{gnfO{ v08g ub}{ dfly pNn]lvt cf7 k|sf/sf cGtx¿af6d'Qm ePsf] k|tLTo;d'Tkfbsf] bz{gnfO{ :yflkt u/]sf] 5 . cf7j6f cGtdWo] Pp6f cGt xf] pTkfb jf pTklQ . k|foM caf}4bz{gx¿ h:t} h}g bz{g, rf/jfs nufot if8\bz{g j:t'sf]pTklQnfO{ of t :jtM pTklQ ePsf] dfG5g\ jf O{Zj/sf] ;[li6 jf ljgf sf/0f dfGb5g\ h'g eujfg\ a'4n] b]vfpg'ePsf] tTj cyf{t,
2
 
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(Production theory)
sf]v08g klg elgG5 . gfufh'{gn]
d"ndfWoldssfl/sf 
df lgDg Znf]sn]Vg'ePsf] 5 M
g :jtf] gflk k/tf] g åfEof+ gfKox]t'tM . pTkGgf hft' ljBGt] efjfM Sjrg s]rg
.. ! .. -d"ndWodssfl/sM k| Took/LIff, Znf]s !_ 
*
efjfy{ M :jtM, c¿af6, :jtM / c¿ b'j}af6 / ljgf x]t' . o;/L sxLklg /slxn]klg pTkGg eP/ s'g} klg wd{ ljBdfg x'g ;Sb}g .o;nfO{ rt'isf]l6 elgG5 / o;sf rf/ lgif]wgLo a+'bfx¿ o; k|sf/5g\ M!= :jtM
(Self Produced)
@= k/tM
(Production from others)
#= peotM
(both, self-produced and production from others)
$= cx]t'tM
(Production without cause)
!= :jtM
 
(Self Produced or originated)
M
;a}eGbf klxn] xfdL :jtMpTklQsf] af/]df g} rrf{ u/f}+ . cfrfo{ gfufh'{gn] ;f+Vo j}z]lifs OToflbx¿nfO{ v08g ug{ of] ts{ k|:t't ug'{ePsf] 5 .h; cg';f/ oxfF s'g} klg wd{ jf j:t' :jtM jf cfkm;] cfkm pTkGgx'Fb}g eGg] s'/f oxfF b]vfpg vf]lhPsf] 5 . ;a}eGbf klxn]pTkGg j
Produced
eGg] zAbsf] cy{ hfGg' k5{ . s]xL
3

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