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Lipidos Clasificacion y Formulas

Lipidos Clasificacion y Formulas

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Published by pedriio_

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Published by: pedriio_ on Jul 15, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/21/2013

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LÍPIDOS
 
L
os lípidos tienen diferentes funciones:almacenamiento de energía, aislamiento térmico,componentes estructurales de membrana y muchospueden servir para precursores de otras moléculas
.
CLASES DE LÍPIDOS:
1.
ÁCIDOS GRASOS
2.
TRIACILGLICEROLES
3.
CERAS
4.
FOSFOLIPIDOS (FOSFOGLICÉRIDOS YESFINGOMIELINAS)
5.
ESFINGOLIPIDOS
6.
ISOPRENODIDES
 
Lípidoscomponentes
Lípidos simples1. Acil glicerolesglicerol+ácidos grasos2. Cerasalcohol+ác.grasos (ambosde cadena larga)Lípidos compuestos3. Fosfoacilgliceroles
glicerol+ác.grasos+fosfato+ HO-R 
4. Esfingomielinas
esfingosina+ác.graso+fosfato+colina
5. Cerebrósidos
esfingosina+ ác.graso+azúcaressimples
6. Gangliósidos
esfingosina+ác.graso+2-6 azúcaressimples, uno de los cuales es ácido siálico.
Hidrólisis
 
FOSFOLIPESFI NGOLIPGLUCOLIP

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