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De-centralised energy production Vegetable Oil Cars

De-centralised energy production Vegetable Oil Cars

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Published by: Gulf Restoration Network on Jul 16, 2010
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Australian Nuffield Farming Scholars Association
2003
SCHOLARSHIP REPORT
Completed January 2005
 Steven Hobbs
713 Yarrock Road,Kaniva, Vic., 3419Phone: 0419 003 752Fax: (03) 5392 2823Email: shobbs@wimmera.com.au
Topic: De-centralised energy productionSponsored By: RIRDC
 
 
Steven Hobbs De-centralised energy production Sponsored by: RIRDC 1
Table of Contents
Executive Summary....................................................................................................................3Acknowledgments......................................................................................................................4Objectives...................................................................................................................................6Introduction.................................................................................................................................7How did I become interested in renewable fuels?......................................................................8Change is in the air.....................................................................................................................9Oil Processing...........................................................................................................................10Oil Extraction............................................................................................................................10
 Large Scale Oil Extraction.......................................................................................................11Small Scale, Cold press............................................................................................................12
Hydraulic press.................................................................................................................13Continuous screw press....................................................................................................13Small scale oil mill...................................................................................................................14
Cleaning and drying of oil seed................................................................................................14 Extraction.................................................................................................................................14Filtration...................................................................................................................................15
Settling tanks...................................................................................................................15Plate filter presses.............................................................................................................16Safety filters......................................................................................................................16Putting a small scale mill together............................................................................................16Advantages of de-centralised oil production............................................................................18European examples of small scale de-centralised oil mills......................................................19
 Mr. Werner, Forcheim-Sud, Germany
.................................................................................19
 Mr. Enkelking, Glissen, Germany.............................................................................................20 Mr. Dugenheim, Mayern, Germany..........................................................................................21 Mr Riestmaki Jorma, Finland...................................................................................................22 Mr Jarmo & Mr Jorma Makela................................................................................................23
Renewable Fuel Alternatives....................................................................................................24
 Biodiesel...................................................................................................................................25
Legal obligations and registration..................................................................................27
Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO) or Pure Plant Oil (PPO)...........................................................28
Suitability of diesel engines for conversion....................................................................29 
 
Steven Hobbs De-centralised energy production Sponsored by: RIRDC 2 Setting a standard......................................................................................................................31
Contamination...................................................................................................................31 Acid value..........................................................................................................................32Oxidation stability.............................................................................................................32Phosphorus content...........................................................................................................32 Ash.....................................................................................................................................33Water content.....................................................................................................................33
Conversion kits
.........................................................................................................................33 Dual tank system................................................................................................................34Single tank system..............................................................................................................35 Mustard Seed Oil (MSO)...................................................................................................36 
Engine modification..................................................................................................................38Emulsified Vegetable Oil (EVO)..............................................................................................39
 Bio-power (UK).................................................................................................................40 Regulatory implications of using Waste Vegetable Oil (WVO) in the UK........................41
Recommendations.....................................................................................................................42References.................................................................................................................................45

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