A.There are no significant differences in how people holding differing views of the Bible feel abouteconomic issues, as opposed to social or foreign policyissues.B.Fundamentalists and nonfundamentalists haveabout the same opinion on government job guaranteesand spending on government services. This suggests that both social status and religious tradition help explain theeffect of religion on politics.The Gender Gap
The gender gap is the difference in political views between men and women.II.Men have been increasingly republican since the mid-1960s, while the voting behavior of women hasremained unchanged.
The biggest reason for this gap seems to involveattitudes about the size of government, gun control,spending programs aimed at the poor, and gay rights.Men have always been more conservative than womenin their views on these social issues, but the late 1960sand early 1970s men had changed their party loyalty tomatch their policy preferences.Schooling and InformationI.Attending college has a big impact on political attitudes,usually making them more liberal. College students aremore liberal than the population generally, and studentsat the most prestigious schools are the most liberal.A.The longer students stay in college, the moreliberal they are.B.Having gone to college increases the rate atwhich people participate in politics.II.One possibility for why this is has to do with the peoplethat colleges attract. Another is that college and postgraduate schooling expose people to moreinformation about politics from all sources.A.Their political beliefs may be shaped by their experiences as much as what they learn in the classroom.B.The level of political information one has is the best single predictor of being liberal on some issues.III.Another possibility is that college somehow teachesliberalism.A.The political disposition of professors is in partthe result of the kinds of people who become teachers, but it is also the result of the nature of intellectual work.