3locations where gleaning is actively underway. I want to offer a comparative analysis of threedistinctive models of gleaning administered by different bodies. Finally, I will close bysummarizing information that I have gathered from individuals who are currently coordinatingsimilar initiatives. It needs to be kept in mind that, in Canada, food insecurity is a silent problemthat plagues about 9.2% of the population (Office of Nutrition Policy and Promotion. 2007).
Gleaning is a cost-effective tool that may be applied to empower individuals to participate in theprocess of securing food for themselves in a dignified and sustainable manner.
Rural and Historical Roots
In modern scholarship, gleaning has been largely overlooked. Existing research tends toexamine the topic from a European framework during the pivotal phase of legislative adaptationto the economical restructuring that occurred during the 18th century. By oversimplifying theanalysis of the practice of gleaning, important historical information on its role in communal life,agricultural methods, labour relations within the village, approaches to property, changingperceptions of charity, definitions of criminality and marginality, and the role of women in ruraleconomy has been mostly overlooked (Vardi 1993: 1426).Liana Vardi (1993) illustrates a rather vintage perspective on gleaning in France by lookingpractices from the Middle Ages through to the eighteenth century (Vardi 1993). France, unlikeEngland, protected the customary right of gleaners. This was only achieved, however, throughpervasive state interference. By marginalizing the economic significance of gleaning, a paidactivity that was part of farm labourers’ earnings, was abandoned to the poor under state pressure(Vardi 1993: 1433). The state’s interference in agricultural arrangements led to the victimization