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Soil of India

Soil of India

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Published by Y. Dutt

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Y. Dutt on Jul 16, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/08/2010

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Soils of India
By:Yatindra Dutt
M.Sc. Geology (2009-2011)Department of GeologyUniversity of Pune, Maharashtra, India
 
 
Types of Soils
Indian Council of Agricultural Research set up an All-India Soil Survey Committee, which dividedIndian Soil in 8 different categories. Some of which are quite inclusive of a rather wide variety of soil conditions while others have quite uniform and consistent soil characteristic throughout.
Type Characteristics Places of occurrence Vegetation Special crops
Red soils
Red colour is due to various oxidesof iron. They are poor in N, P, K and with pH varying 7 to 7.5.These soils are light textured with porous structure. Lime is absentwith low soluble salts. The redsoils differ greatly in consistency,colour,depth and fertility. On theuplands, they are thin, gravelly,sandy, or stony and porous, lightcoloured soils. But on the lower  plains and valleys they are rich,deep dark coloured fertile loam.Red soil occursextensively in AndhraPradesh, Assam, Bihar,Goa, Parts of kerala,Maharastra, Karnataka,Tamilnadu and WestBengal. Most of the redsoils have been classifiedin the order ' Alfisols'. Itcovers in all about 5.18lakh sq. km of area. Natural vegetationconsist of scantythorny and bushyvegetation withsparce localgrasses.Bajra, cotton,wheat, pulses,millets,groundnuts,sugarcane, potatoes, andfruits.

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