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Tourist Information About Mumbai

Tourist Information About Mumbai

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Published by SANDEEP SAXENA
Tourist Information about Mumbai
Tourist Information about Mumbai

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Published by: SANDEEP SAXENA on Jun 17, 2008
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Tourist Information about Mumbai (Bombay)Tourist Information about Mumbai (Bombay)Tourist Information about Mumbai (Bombay)Tourist Information about Mumbai (Bombay)
Mumbai is the capital of Maharastra State and the gateway to this beguiling subcontinent. Of the four great cities in India, Mumbai is the most cosmopolitan, spear heading India's move into the 21stcentury.The word Mumbai is derived from Mumbadevi, the patron goddess of the Koli fisherfolk, the oldestinhabitants of Mumbai. The name Mumbai, in its final form, dates back to the 18 th century. For Portuguese, the name Bombay is Good Bay ("Bom" "Bay" Good Bay). Mumbai is a cluster of sevenislands. These islands of no great value were ceded to Portuguese in 1534 by the Sultan of Gujarat.The Portuguese in turn given these islands to Englands's Chareless II as part of the wedding dowry of Catherine of Braganza when she married Englands's Charles II in 1661. In 1668, the Britishgovernment leased the islands to the East India Company for 10 pounds per annum in the form of goldand Mumbai grew gradually to become centre of trade.
Population (1991 census) :
12596000 (12.6 million)
Weather :Weather :Weather :Weather :Summer(April,May and June): Max. 33.3 C and Min. 22.7 CWinter(Dec, Jan. and Feb) : Max. 29.5 C and Min. 19.4 C
Access :
Mumbai is well linked to most parts of the globe by air. Domestic airlines link it to major towns in India. Mumbai is well connected to most major Indian town by rail. It is also connect tosurrounding cities by road also. Maharastra Tourism Development Corporation and ITDC conductstours in and around Mumbai.
Tourist Places in MumbaiTourist Places in MumbaiTourist Places in MumbaiTourist Places in Mumbai
 
Gateway of India
 
University Buildings
 
Mumbai High Court
 
Sir J. J. School of Art
 
Crawford Market
 
Town Hall
 
Flora Fountain
 
Fort
 
Shivaji Terminus
 
Marine Drive
 
Beaches
 
Museums
 
Victoria Terminus
 
Chor Bazar
 
Rajabai Clock Tower
Many of the spots listed on the tourist guide books are taken for granted by the average Mumbaiite.Edifices are too familiar a sight in their daily lives to be seen afresh. Yet the rulers of the past have leftan indelible stamp, and much of it stands in its glory for all to see and appreciate. The colonialarchitecture of the 19th century rubs shoulders with the 18th century wood carvings made popular by
 
the Muslims of Gujarat. Gothic arches, canopied balconies, bas-relief panels combine with orientaldomes and spiral staircases to lend character to the imposing buildings.The historic structures are best seen after sunset when, awash in flood light, they gain momentouscharacter and stand out as proud reminder of an era gone by.
Gateway of India
What could be more appropriate a beginning than the 'entrance' to the port of Mumbai? Theceremonial arch was built in 1927 to Commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary for the Delhi Durbar in 1911. Constructed in honey-coloured basalt, the gateway was designed by GeorgeWittet, inspired by 16th century Gujarat Style. The changing light of the rising and setting sun givesvaried hues of gold, russet and pink to the imposing arch. Historically, the Gateway holds greater significance as the last of the British troops left Independent India by sea, marched through its portals.
University Buildings
Founded by Sir Cowasjee Jehangir Ready money, after whom is named the earlier of the twostructures, was designed by Sir Gilbert Scott. Flanked by the High Court and the Old Secretariat, the buildings were completed in 1874. Resplendent in a florid and highly decorative French Gothic style,the main building with its turrets and gabled roof has a large circular window, with its outer border originally made up of twelve stained glass skylights, depicting the signs of the zodiac.
Mumbai High Court
This blue-basalt building in early English Gothic style was designed by Col. J. A. Fuller. It has centraltower standing almost 180 ft. Two octagonal towers with their spiralets holding at their pinnacles twocarved figures of Justice and Mercy are situated to the west of the central tower.
Sir J. J. School Of Art
Built during the same period as the University, its importance is heightened by the fact that RudyardKipling was born and spent his early childhood here. His father, John Lockwood Kipling, was thePrincipal of the art school and under his tutelage, many local artisans received training. Some of their works were used to adorn the buildings being constructed in Mumbai during that period as sculptured panels and motifs.
Crawford Market
 Rechristened as Mahatma Phule Market, it was built in 1871 by William Emerson. The bas-reliefs, at aheight, adorning the facade, were designed by J. L. Kipling at the School of Art, a stone's throw away.It is the largest wholesale fruit market in the country and a visit there can be a 'fruitful' experience,especially during the mango season. But sadly, most of the vegetable & fruits are moving to NewMumbai's wholesale market.
Town Hall
With its columns and tall Grecian porticos, this structure has been the foundation of the LibrarySociety of Mumbai which moved into the Town Hall in 1830, soon after which a union was effectedwith the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland. One of its greatest assets is its library, astorehouse of knowledge, which may not have an equal in the east.
Flora Fountain
 It stands at a busy five-point intersection in the heart of the commercial Fort area. The beautifullysculptured fountain was errected in the memory of the Governor, Sir Henry Bartle Edward Frere, as atribute for his contribution towards the building of Mumbai.
Hutatma Chawk (Martyrs Square)
 Is the new name given to the area around it, as a memorial to those who lost their lives in the fight for setting up the state of Maharashtra in the Indian Union. The spot is also a popular landmark for thecongregation of rallies and meetings - both political and apolitical.
 
Fort
 This is the older, downtown area (with the Nariman Point reclamation being the newer commercialcentre), surrounding the Flora Fountain. It gets its name from the fact that it was a part of the fortifiedcity which were later considered obsolete and demolished during the time of the Governor Frere. Asmall portion of the wall is seen as part of the boundary wall of St. George's Hospital.
Shivaji Terminus
One of the finest examples of high Victorian Gothic architecture, it is the headquarters of the CentralRailways and is one of the finest railway stations in the world.
Marine Drive
This sweeping Queen's Necklace, flickering with a thousand lights at night turns into the mainthoroughfare linking Malabar Hill - and the northern parts of the island - to the southernmost points of Colaba, Cuffe Parade, Nariman Point and Fort.
Beaches
 It is natural that a city surrounded three sides by the sea would offer handsome choice of beaches.Beginning from the southern end are:
CHOWPATTY (GIRGAUM)
Situated at the northern end of Marine Drive, it is a stretch of sandy beach and attracts hordes of  people during the weekends and on holidays. A 'food-mart' of stalls have become a permanent featureand offer a range of eatables from 'bhel-puri'. The local speciality, to 'chaat', 'kulfi', coconut and other snacks. A larger portion of the terrain is left open for the public where people come to enjoy theevening sea breeze and the children to play. As a part of the city's cleanliness and beautification drive,Chowpatty is also being given a face lift.
JUHU
Situated 30 km from the city, it is a crowded beachwith residential apartments and bungalows surrounding it. It seems as if the entire population of thearea descends on the beach for a breath of fresh air! The central part has food stalls again, similar toChowpatty. And a lot more, in terms of fun-rides for children.Beyond the city are the relatively unspoilt, secluded beaches at Versova, Madh Island, Marve, Manoriand Gorai. However, Versova is also seemingly going the juhu way, primarily on account of thedensity of highrise buildings that have come up in the recent years. The beaches at Madh and Marvehave their dangerous spots which are marked by signboards. Care should be taken to avoid thesezones. The spots further ahead, Gorai and Manori, two fishing villages, are accessible by ferry.
MuseumsMuseumsMuseumsMuseums
Prince of Wales Museum
King George V, who as Prince of Wales, laid the foundation stone of thismuseum in 1905. Situated near the gateway of India, it was designed in the Indo-Saracenic style tocommemorate the King's first visit to India. During the First World War, it was used as a hospital. Itwas opened as a museum in 1923 and has three main sections: Art, Archaeology and Natural History.One of the best museums in the country, it is a treasure house of art, sculpture, China, rare coins andold firearms. It also has a priceless collection of miniature paintings.The glistering white marble dome crowning this building can be sighted from a distance as it liesnestled amidst a well-laid out garden.Timings: 1015 to 1800 hours except Mondays; Entrance: Rs. 3 per head; Tel: 244519/244484
Victoria and Albert Museum
Adjoining the Victoria Gardens, this museum built in the Greco-Roman style houses archaeologicalfinds, maps and photographs depicting the history of Mumbai; Timings: 10.00 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Nehru Museum/Planetarium
 This museum, adjacent to the Planetarium, has a children's Science Park and a permanent gallerywhich has exhibits relating to the properties of life. A collection of a tramcar, railway engine,

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