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Koloid

Koloid

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Published by Anita Pangestan
Makalah KIMIA: koloid, khususnya koloid asosiasi dan polusi
Makalah KIMIA: koloid, khususnya koloid asosiasi dan polusi

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Published by: Anita Pangestan on Jul 17, 2010
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05/16/2013

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TUGASKIMIA 
Judul: KOLOID ASOSIASI dan POLUSIPenyusun: Kelompok 9 XI A 1Pembimbing: Bapak Marlan OmposungguAlamat: SMAK 1 PENABUR Jakarta, Tanjung Duren Raya 4
 
2
Kata Pengantar
Kita sering kali mendengar istilah koloid, tetapi banyak yang sebenarnya masih bingung dansalah arti. Apa itu koloid dan fungsinya dalam kehidupan sehari-hari? Melalui makalah ini, kamimembahas mengenai koloid terutama koloid asosiasi dan polusi. Tentu awalnya dimulai dari pembahasansingkat mengenai koloid secara umum, yang diakhiri dengan pembahasan spesifik pada koloid asosiasidan polusi.Kami sangat bersyukur kepada Tuhan Yesus Kristus yang memberikan kami penyertaan sertaberkat sehingga dapat menyelesaikan makalah ini di tengah kesibukan dan tugas yang menumpuk. Tak lupa kami juga berterima kasih kepada Bapak Marlan selaku guru pembimbing atas bantuan Beliau dalampembelajaran kami.Seperti kata pepatah, Tak ada gading yang tak retak, demikian pula makalah ini. Kami mohonmaaf bila ada kata-kata yang salah maupun menyinggung hati pembaca sekalian. Kritik yang membangunsungguh kami harapkan dan tanya jawab maupun diskusi mengenai makalah ini dapat segera dikirimkanke anz28pangz@hotmail.com.Harapan kami ialah agar makalah yang telah kami buat dapat menjadi referensi yang baik sertamedia pembelajaran khususnya tentang koloid.Selamat membaca!Tim penyusun
 
3
Daftar Isi
 
Ka
t
a Pe
n
  
a
nt
ar ...................................................................................................................... 2
 
B
a
b
I PEND
AH
¡  
L
¡  
A
N .............................................................................................................
4
 
I.
 
Sistem Dispersi .................................................................................................................................................... 4
 
II.
 
Jenis-Jenis Sistem Dispersi ............................................................................................................................. 4
 
III.
 
Perbandingan Sifat Larutan, Koloid, dan Suspensi ............................................................................... 4
 
B
a
b
II KO
L
OID ........................................................................................................................ 5
 
I.
 
Pengertian ............................................................................................................................................................. 5
 
II.
 
Jenis-Jenis Koloid .............................................................................................................................................. 5
 
III.
 
Pentingnya Koloid dalam Kehidupan ........................................................................................................ 6
 
IV.
 
Efek Tyndall ....................................................................................................................................................... 6
 
V.
 
Gerak Brown ....................................................................................................................................................... 6
 
VI.
 
Elektroforesis .................................................................................................................................................... 6
 
VII.
 
Adsorpsi ............................................................................................................................................................ 6
 
VIII.
 
Koagulasi ......................................................................................................................................................... 7
 
IX.
 
Koloid Pelindung .............................................................................................................................................. 7
 
X.
 
Dialisis ................................................................................................................................................................... 7
 
XI.
 
Koloid Liofob dan Koloid Liofil .................................................................................................................... 7
 
B
a
b
III PEM
B
¡  
A
¢  
A
N KO
L
OID .................................................................................................
9
 
I.
 
Cara Kondensasi.................................................................................................................................................. 9
 
II.
 
Cara Dispersi ...................................................................................................................................................... 9
 
III.
 
Cara Busur Bredig ........................................................................................................................................ 10
 
B
a
b
IV KO
L
OID
A
£  
OSI
A
SI .....................................................................................................
11
 
I.
 
Pengertian .......................................................................................................................................................... 11
 
II.
 
Surfaktan........................................................................................................................................................... 11
 
III.
 
Monolayer (Asam Lemak).......................................................................................................................... 11
 
IV.
 
Bilayer (Membran Sel) ................................................................................................................................ 13
 
V.
 
Misel (Garam Empedu)................................................................................................................................. 14
 
VI.
 
Vesikel .............................................................................................................................................................. 15
 
VII.
 
Prinsip Kerja Sabun .................................................................................................................................... 15
 
VIII.
 
Aplikasi pada Pangan................................................................................................................................ 17
 
IX.
 
Aplikasi Medis ................................................................................................................................................ 18
 
B
a
b
V PO
L
¡  
SI .......................................................................................................................
19
 
I.
 
Polusi dan Koloid ............................................................................................................................................. 19
 
II.
 
Debu ................................................................................................................................................................... 19
 
III.
 
Limbah ............................................................................................................................................................. 19
 
IV.
 
Limbah Deterjen............................................................................................................................................ 20
 
V.
 
Pupuk dan Pestisida Berlebihan ................................................................................................................ 21
 
VI.
 
Asbut (
Smog
) .................................................................................................................................................. 21
 

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