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The Federalist Papers

The Federalist Papers

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Published by Juan del Sur
The Federalist Papers are a series of 85 essays written and published anonymously by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison in the period from October 1787 to May 1788 for the purpose of urging citizens of New York to support ratification of the proposed Constitution for the united States.

This collection is the complete set of 85 essays in a searchable document.
The Federalist Papers are a series of 85 essays written and published anonymously by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison in the period from October 1787 to May 1788 for the purpose of urging citizens of New York to support ratification of the proposed Constitution for the united States.

This collection is the complete set of 85 essays in a searchable document.

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Juan del Sur on Jul 17, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/25/2012

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TheFederalistPapers
 
Alexander
 
Hamilton,
 
James
 
Madison,
 
John
 
Jay
 
October,
 
1787
 
 –
 
August,
 
1788
 
The
 
Federalist
 
Papers
 
are
 
a
 
series
 
of 
 
85
 
essays
 
written
 
and
 
published
 
anonymously
 
by
 
Alexander
 
Hamilton,
 
John
 
Jay,
 
and
 
James
 
Madison
 
in
 
the
 
period
 
from
 
October,
 
1787
 
to
 
August,
 
1788
 
for
 
the
 
purpose
 
of 
 
urging
 
citizens
 
of 
 
New
 
York
 
to
 
support
 
ratification
 
of 
 
the
 
proposed
 
Constitution
 
for
 
the
 
united
 
States.
 
 
Page 1 of 334
The Federalist Papers
 The Federalist Papers are a series of 85 essays written by
Alexander Hamilton
(51),
John Jay
(5), and
James Madison
(29) between October, 1787 and August, 1788. The essays were originally publishedanonymously, under the pen name "
Publius
," and published primarily in two New York statenewspapers of the time: The
 New York Packet
and The
 Independent Journal 
.
The Authors:
Alexander Hamilton
(January 11, 1755 or 1757 – July 12, 1804) was the first United States Secretaryof the Treasury, a Founding Father, economist, and political philosopher. As the aide-de-camp toGeneral George Washington during the American Revolutionary War, Hamilton was a leader of nationalist forces calling for a new Constitution; one of America's first Constitutional lawyers, andauthor of most of the Federalist Papers (51 of 85), a primary source for Constitutional interpretation.Hamilton was a federalist and the primary author of many of the policies supported by the FederalistParty.
James Madison
(March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836) was an American politician and political philosopherwho served as the fourth President of the United States (1809–1817) and is considered one of theFounding Fathers of the United States.Madison was the principal author of the US Constitution, and is often called the "Father of theConstitution." In 1788, he wrote over a third of the Federalist Papers (29 of 85), an influentialcommentary on the Constitution. The first president to have served in the United States Congress, hewas a leader in the 1st United States Congress, drafting many basic laws, and was responsible for thefirst ten amendments to the Constitution (said to be based on the Virginia Declaration of Rights) andthus is also known as the "
Father of the Bill of Rights
." As a political theorist, Madison's mostdistinctive belief was that the new republic needed checks and balances to protect individual rights fromthe tyranny of the majority.As leader in the House of Representatives, Madison worked closely with President George Washingtonto organize the new federal government. Breaking with Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton in 1791,Madison and Thomas Jefferson organized what they called the Republican Party (later called theDemocratic-Republican Party) in opposition to key policies of the Federalists, especially the nationalbank and the Jay Treaty. He secretly co-authored, along with Thomas Jefferson, the Kentucky andVirginia Resolutions in 1798 to protest the four Alien and Sedition Acts (The Democratic-Republicans,like later historians, considered the Acts as being both unconstitutional and designed to stifle criticism of the then federalist administration, and as infringing on the right of the states to act in these areas).
John Jay
(December 12, 1745 – May 17, 1829) was an American politician, statesman, revolutionary,diplomat, a Founding Father of the United States, President of the Continental Congress from 1778 to1779 and, from 1789 to 1795, the first Chief Justice of the United States. During and after the AmericanRevolution, he was a minister (ambassador) to Spain and France, helping to fashion United Statesforeign policy and to secure favorable peace terms from the British (the Jay Treaty) and French. He co-wrote the Federalist Papers with Alexander Hamilton and James Madison.
 
Page 2 of 334
The Federalist Papers:
The Federalist Papers were written to urge citizens of New York to support ratification of the proposedUnited States Constitution. Significantly, the essays explain particular provisions of the Constitution indetail. It is for this reason, and because Hamilton and Madison were members of the ConstitutionalConvention, that the Federalist Papers are often used today to help understand the intentions of thosewho had drafted the Constitution.A bound edition of the essays, with revisions and corrections by Hamilton, was published in 1788 byprinters J. and A. McLean. A later edition, published by printer Jacob Gideon in 1818, with revisionsand corrections by Madison, was the first to identify each essay by its author's name. Because of theessays’ publishing history, the assignment of authorship, numbering, and exact wording may vary withdifferent editions of The Federalist.The text of this version is primarily taken from the first collected 1788 "McLean edition", but mostspelling and punctuation have been modernized, and some glaring errors -- mainly printer's lapses --have been corrected. The main heads have also been taken from that edition and a few later ones, exceptwhere the head was something like "The Same Subject Continued" we have repeated the previousheading and appended "(continued)", so that each document can better stand alone. We have beenguided by the excellent edition by Jacob E. Cooke, Wesleyan University Press, 1961.The footnotes are those of the authors, except where the original edition used a variety of specialtypographical symbols for superscripts, we use numerals. Editor's footnotes are indicated by beingpreceded by the letter "E". The original typography used for emphasis, such as all caps or italics, hasbeen used here.We have tried to identify the date of earliest appearance in a newspaper. The three newspapers topublish the papers were the
 Independent Journal 
, the
 New-York Packet
, and the
 Daily Advertiser
, allbased in New York. Papers Nos. 78-85, although dated later, actually first appeared May 28, 1788, in abound volume published by J. and A. McLean, entitled
 Federalist II 
.We have followed the consensus of scholars on attribution of each paper to its primary author, JamesMadison, John Jay, or Alexander Hamilton.

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