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Dated Chinese Manuscripts in Stein Collection Vol 8-1

Dated Chinese Manuscripts in Stein Collection Vol 8-1

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Dated Chinese Manuscripts in the Stein CollectionAuthor(s): Lionel GilesSource:
Bulletin of the School of Oriental Studies, University of London,
Vol. 8, No. 1 (1935),pp. 1-26Published by: Cambridge University Press on behalf of the School of Oriental and AfricanStudiesStable URL:
Accessed: 18/11/2009 23:55
Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available athttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unlessyou have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and youmay use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use.Please contact the publisher regarding any further use of this work. Publisher contact information may be obtained athttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=cup.Each copy of any part of a JSTOR transmission must contain the same copyright notice that appears on the screen or printedpage of such transmission.JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.
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 Bulletin of the School of Oriental Studies, University of London.
http://www.jstor.org
 
BULLETIN
OFTHE
SCHOOLOFORIENTALSTUDIES
PAPERSCONTRIBUTEDDatedChineseManuscriptsinthe SteinCollection
ByLIONEL GILES
(PLATEI)
II. SEVENTH CENTURYA.D.
SOONafter the riseof theT'angdynasty,theParinirvanaSiutraseems to have lost itspopularity,andin the secondhalfoftheseventhcenturyitsplaceisdefinitelytakenbythe LotusSftra.Outofa totaloffifty-sixdatedtexts,no fewer thantwenty-ninearesections of thiswork. TheappearanceofTaoismintheshapeofthreehithertounknown"sitras"(toborrowaconvenient Buddhistterm)isinterestingbutnotsurprisingunder adynastywhichextendedspecialfavour to thatancient andmuch-corruptedcult. It ishardlypossibletodignifywith the name ofreligionsuch astrangemedleyofmagic, legend,andgrosssuperstition;and one cannot believethatitsscriptureswereregardedveryseriouslyby anylargesection ofthecommunity.Altogether,the oldatmosphereofsimplefaith andpietywhichwas sonoticeablein the earliercenturiesisnowbecomingmoreattenuated. The introduction of the tabulatedcolophon(seeyear671 andfollowing)issymptomaticof this declineintruereligiousspirit.Here,inplaceof theprayeron behalf of a deceasedrelativeor alivingsufferer,or an unselfishofferingmade intheinterestsofsentientexistence as awhole,wefindonlya formalenumerationof thepersons,layorclerical,responsiblefor theproductionofthemanu-scriptroll. Thereligiouselement seems tohave beensqueezedout.
VOL. VIII. PART1.
1
 
LIONELGILES-
Thisprocesscontinuesin theensuingcenturies;for,thoughthenumber ofdated documentsshows alargeincrease,theoldtypeofcolophonbecomessteadilyrarer.A.D.601(SvI).S. 2048.~I_
^
4
*She lunchang,ch. 1. Thetitleappearsin themiddle of thecolophon,andiswritten inthe samehand.There are threedifferenttranslations oftheMahayana-samgraha-sastra(N.1183, 1184,1247)and twocommentarieson them(N.1171).Thoughthepresentwork isstyledacommentary
(6j)
in thecolophon,itappearstobe ratheranoutline orresume of thesastra.
Colophon:
tl;:RA
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"On the 28thdayof the 8th moon ofthe 1styearofJen-shou[30thSeptember,601]thenoviceShan-tsangoftheCh'ung-chiao MonasteryatKua-choucopiedtheShe lun suinthe Pien-ts'aiMonasteryat thecapital[Ch'ang-an]inorderthatitmightbe circulated to the end oftime.Word-for-wordrevisioncompleted."Kua-chouis the modernAn-hsi,eastofTunhuang.Neither ofthesemonasteriesismentionedagainintheSteinMSS.
~*
{ "theendofthedynasty"isunderstood to besynonymouswiththeendoftime. Alas for humananticipations!TheSuidynastywasdestinedto lastonly17years longer.Theroll,made ofthingolden-yellowpaper,is about34 ft.long,28 cm.wide. Thehandwritingisafinespecimenof cursive orsemi-cursive.602(Sui).S.3548.~
I;ji4
AfE *Chunga hanching(Madhyamagama-sitra),ch.8,p'in4,nos.2(endonly)-4. ThiscorrespondstoN. 542(33-35),K. xii.9.The number ofcharacters in thesectionsdiffersslightlyfrom thefigures giveninthemodernrecension.
Colophon:
t:+
n
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Hffla + E
WC
A
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X X iqtffi
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"Copied bythescribeChangTs'ai on the20thdayofthe12th moon of the2ndyearofJen-shou[6thFebruary,602].25sheets ofpaperused.[Only10completesheetsremain.]RevisedbySeng-kai,priest(sramana)of theTa-hsing-shanMonastery.AgainrevisedbyFa-kang,priestof theTa-chiMonastery."2

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