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Filipino Psychology

Filipino Psychology

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Published by: pinklilo on Jul 18, 2010
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Filipino psychology
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to:navigation,search 
Filipino psychology
, or 
Sikolohiyang Pilipino
, in Filipino, is defined as the psychology rootedon the experience, ideas, and cultural orientation of theFilipinos. It is regulated by the
 Pambansang Samahan sa Sikolohiyang Pilipino
, (National Organization of FilipinoPsychology), in English, which was established in 1975 byVirgilio Enriquez, regarded by manyas the Father of Filipino Psychology.
C
ontents
[
hide]
y
 
1 Basic orientation and context 
y
 
2
Four traditions 
y
 
3
Basic tenets 
o
 
3
.1 Core value or Kapwa 
o
 
3
.
2
Pivotal interpersonal value 
o
 
3
.
3
Linking socio-personal value 
o
 
3
.4 Accommodative surface values 
y
 
4 Confrontative surface values 
o
 
4.1 Societal values 
y
 
5 Approaches and methods 
y
 
6
Psychopathology 
y
 
7 Psycho-medicine 
y
 
8
Organizations 
y
 
9 See also 
y
 
10 References 
y
 
11 External links 
[
edit] Basic orientation and context
Filipino psychology is usually thought of as a branch of Asian psychology, the placement,determined primarily on culture. However, there is an ongoing debate on the make-up of Philippine culture, because this will generally determine whether Philippine Psychology is to be placed under the realms of either Asian psychology or Western psychology. The vast majority of Philippine psychologists seem to prefer to classify this field as Asian, but there is a steadilygrowing body that attempts to place the field as
 Eur 
asian
.
 
[
edit] Four traditions
De La Salle University-Manila was one of the few universities in the country to first offer Philippine Psychology as a course.Zeus Salazar (19
8
5), a historian, identified four traditions upon which Philippine psychology isrooted:
y
 
Academic Scientific Psychology or 
 A
kademiko-siyentipikal na Sikolohiya
: WesternTradition: This follows the tradition of Wilhelm Wundtin 1
8
7
6
and is essentially theAmerican-oriented Western psychology being studied in the Philippines.
y
 
Academic Philosophic Psychology or 
 A
kademiko-pilosopiya na Sikolohiya
: WesternTradition: This was started by priest-professors at theUniversity of Santo Tomas. Thistradition is mainly focused on what is called 'Rational psychology'.
y
 
Ethnic Psychology or 
aal na Sikolohiya
: This is the tradition on which Philippine psychology is primarily based. This refers to the indigenous concepts that are studiedusing indigenous psychological orientation and methodologies.
y
 
Psycho-medical Religious Psychology or 
Sikolohiyang Siko-medikal 
: The tradition thatfuses native healing techniques and explains it in an indigenous religious context.
[
edit] Basic tenets
[
edit]
C
ore value or
 Kapwa
 
 K 
apwa
, meaning 'togetherness', is the core construct of Filipino Psychology.
 K 
apwa
has twocategories,
 Ibang 
ao
(other people) and
 Hindi Ibang 
ao
(not other people).
y
 
 Ibang 
ao
("outsider") There are five domains in this construct:
o
 
 Pakikit 
u
ngo
: civility
o
 
 Pakikisalam
u
ha
: act of mixing
o
 
 Pakikilahok 
: act of joining
o
 
 Pakikibagay
: conformity
 
o
 
 Pakikisama
: being united with the group.
y
 
 Hindi Ibang 
ao
("one-of-us") There are three domains in this construct:
o
 
 Pakikipagpalagayang-loob
: act of mutual trust
o
 
 Pakikisangkot 
: act of joining others
o
 
 Pakikipagkaisa
: being one with others
[
edit] Pivotal interpersonal value
y
 
 Paki
amdam
: Shared inner perceptions. Filipinos use
damdam
, or the inner perception of others' emotions, as a basic tool to guide his dealings with other people.
[
edit] Linking socio-personal value
y
 
 K 
agandahang-Loob
: Shared humanity. This refers to being able to help other people indire need due to a perception of being together as a part of one Filipino humanity.
[
edit] Accommodative surface values
y
 
hiya
: Loosely translated as 'shame' by most Western psychologists,
hiya
is actually 'senseof propriety'.
y
 
tang na Loob
: Norm of reciprocity. Filipinos are expected by their neighbors to returnfavors-²whether these were asked for or not²-when it is needed or wanted.
y
 
 Pakikisama and Pakikipagkapwa
: Smooth Interpersonal Relationship, or SIR, as coined by Lynch (19
6
1 and 197
3
). This attitude is primarily guided by conformity with themajority.
[
edit]
C
onfrontative surface values
y
 
 B
ahala Na
: This attitude, loosely translated into English as 'fatalistic passiveness',actually describes the Filipino way of life, in which, he is determined to do his best,hence the term
bahala na
, which actually came from the phrase
bathalan na
, meaning 'Iwill do all my best, let God take care of the rest'.
y
 
 Lakas ng Loob
: This attitude is characterized by being courageous in the midst of  problems and uncertainties.
y
 
 Pakikibaka
: Literally in English, it means
conc
urr 
ent clashes
. It refers to the ability of theFilipino to undertake revolutions and uprisings against a common enemy.
[
edit] Societal values
y
 
 K 
a
angalan
: Loosely translated to dignity, this actually refers to what other people see ina person and how they use that information to make a stand or judge about his/her worth.
o
 
 P 
ur 
i
: the external aspect of dignity. May refer to how other people judge a personof his/her worth.
o
 
 D
angal 
: the internal aspect of dignity. May refer to how a person judges his ownworth.

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