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IS-1893_1-2002

IS-1893_1-2002

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June2002
IS1893(Part1):2002
IndianStandard
CRITERIAFOREARTHQUAKERESISTANTDESIGNOFSTRUCTURES
PART1GENERALPROVISIONSANDBUILDINGS(
FfthRevision)
ICS
91.120.25
0BIS2002
BUREAUOFINDIANSTANDARDS
MANAKBHAVAN,9BAHADURSHAHZAFARMARGNEWDELHI110002PriceGroup12
 
IS1893(Part1):2002
IndianStandard
CRITERIAFOREARTHQUAKERESISTANTDESIGNOFSTRUCTURES
PART1GENERALPROVISIONSANDBUILDINGS(
FijthRevision)
FOREWORDThisIndianStandard(Part1)(FifthRevision)wasadoptedbytheBureauofIndianStandards,aflerthedraftfinalizedbytheEarthquakeEngineeringSectionalCommitteehadbeenapprovedbytheCivilEngineeringDivisionCouncil.Himalayan-Nagalushairegion,Indo-GangeticPlain,WesternIndia,KutchandKathiawarregionsaregeologicallyunstablepartsofthecountry,andsomedevastatingearthquakesoftheworldhaveoccurredthere.
A
majorpartofthepeninsularIndiahasalsobeenvisitedbystrongearthquakes,butthesewererelativelyfewinnumberoccurringatmuchlargertimeintervalsatanysite,andhadconsiderablylesserintensity.Theearth@akeresistantdesignofstructurestakingintoaccountseismicdatafromstudiesoftheseIndianearthquakeshasbecomeveryessential,particularlyinviewoftheintenseconstructionactivityalloverthecountry.ItistoservethispurposethatIS1893:1962Recommendationsforearthquakeresistantdesignofstructureswaspublishedandrevisedfirsttimein1966.AsaresultofadditionalseismicdatacollectedinIndiaandfurtherknowledgeandexperiencegainedsincethepublicationofthefirstrevisionofthisstandard,thesectionalcommitteefelttheneedtorevisethestandardagainincorporatingmanychanges,suchasrevisionofmapsshowingseismiczonesandepicentres,andaddingamorerationalapproachfordesignofbuildingsandsub-structuresofbridges.Thesewerecoveredinthesecondrevisionof1S1893broughtoutin1970.Asaresultoftheincreaseduseofthestandard,considerableamountofsuggestionswerereceivedformodifyingsomeoftheprovisionsofthestandardand,therefore,thirdrevisionofthestandardwasbroughtoutin1975.Thefollowingchangeswereincorporatedinthethirdrevision:a)b)c)d)e)8Thestandardincorporatedseismiczonefactors(previouslygivenasmultiplyingfactorsinthesecondrevision)onamorerationalbasis.Importancefactorswereintroducedtoaccountforthevaryingdegreesofimportanceforvariousstructures.Intheclausesfordesignofmulti-storeyedbuildings,thecoefficientofflexibilitywasgivenintheformofacurvewithrespecttoperiodofbuildings.Amorerationalformulawasusedtocombinemodalshearforces.Newclauseswereintroducedfordeterminationofhydrodynamicpressuresinelevatedtanks.Clausesonconcreteandmasonrydamsweremodified,takingintoaccounttheirdynamicbehavionrduringearthquakes.Simplifiedformulaefordesignforceswereintroducedbasedonresultsofextensivestudiescarriedoutsincesecondrevisionofthestandardwaspublished.Thefourthrevision,broughtoutin1984,waspreparedtomodifisomeoftheprovisionsofthestandardasaresultofexperiencegainedwiththeuseofthestandard.Inthisrevision,anumberofimportantbasicmodificationswithrespecttoloadfactors,fieldvaluesofN,baseshearandmodalanalysiswereintroduced.Anewconceptofperformancefactordependingonthestructuralframingsystemandontheductilityofconstructionwasincorporated.Figure2foraverageaccelerationspectrawasalsomodifiedandacurveforzeropercentdampingincorporated.1
 
IS1893(Part1):2002Inthefifthrevision,withaviewtokeepabreastwiththerapiddevelopmentandextensiveresearchthathasbeencarriedoutinthefieldofearthquakeresistantdesignofvariousstructures,thecommitteehasdecidedtocovertheprovisionsfordifferenttypesofstructuresinseparateparts.Hence,IS1893hasbeensplitintothefollowingfiveparts:Part1GeneralprovisionsandbuildingsPart2LiquidretainingtanksElevatedandgroundsupportedPart3BridgesandretainingwallsPart4IndustrialstructuresincludingstacklikestructuresPart5DamsandembankmentsPart1containsprovisionsthataregeneralinnatureandapplicabletoallstructures.Also,itcontainsprovisionsthatarespecifictobuildingsonly.Unlessstatedotherwise,theprovisionsinParts2to5shallbereadnecessarilyinconjunctionwiththegeneralprovisionsinPart1.
NOTEPendingfinalizationofParts2to5ofIS1893,provisionsofPart1willbereadalongwiththerelevantclausesofIS1893:1984forstructuresotherthanbuildings.
Thefollowingarethemajorandimportantmoditlcationsmadeinthefifthrevision:a)b)c)d)e)f)@h)J)k)Theseismiczonemapisrevisedwithonlyfourzones,insteadoffive.ErstwhileZoneIhasbeenmergedtoZone11.Hence,ZoneIdoesnotappearinthenewzoning;onlyZonesII,111,IVandVdo.Thevaluesofseismiczonefactorshavebeenchanged;thesenowreflectmorerealisticvaluesofeffectivepeakgroundaccelerationconsideringMaximumConsideredEarthquake(MCE)andservicelifeofstructureineachseismiczone.Responsespectraarenowspecifiedforthreetypesoffoundingstrata,namelyrockandhardsoil,mediumsoilandsoftsoil.Empiricalexpressionforestimatingthefundamentalnaturalperiod
Ta
ofmulti-storeyedbuildingswithregularmomentresistingframeshasbeenrevised.Thisrevisionadoptstheprocedureoffirstcalculatingtheactualforcethatmaybeexperiencedbythestructureduringtheprobablemaximumearthquake,ifitweretoremainelastic.Then,theconceptofresponsereductionduetoductiledeformationorfrictionalenergydissipationinthecracksisbroughtintothecodeexplicitly,byintroducingtheresponsereductionfactorinplaceoftheearlierperformancefactor.Alowerboundisspecifiedforthedesignbaseshearofbuildings,basedonempiricalestimateofthefimdarnentalnaturalperiod
Ta.
Thesoil-foundationsystemfactorisdropped.Instead,aclauseisintroducedtorestricttheuseoffoundationsvulnerabletodifferentialsettlementsinsevereseismiczones.Torsionaleccentricityvalueshavebeenrevisedupwardsinviewofseriousdarnagesobservedinbuildingswithirregularplans.Modalcombinationruleindynamicanalysisofbuildingshasbeenrevised.Otherclauseshavebeenredraftedwherenecessaryformoreeffectiveimplementation.Itisnotintendedinthisstandardtolaydownregulationsothatnostructureshallsufferanydamageduringearthquakeofallmagnitudes.Ithasbeenendeavoredtoensurethat,asfaraspossible,structuresareabletorespond,withoutstructuraldarnagetoshocksofmoderateintensitiesandwithouttotalcollapsetoshocksofheavyintensities.Whilethisstandardisintendedfortheearthquakeresistantdesignofnormalstructures,ithastobeemphasizedthatinthecaseofspecialstructures,suchaslargeandtalldams,long-spanbridges,majorindustrialprojects,etc,site-specificdetailedinvestigationshouldbeundertaken,unlessotherwisespecifiedintherelevantclauses.2

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