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CHP 1- SI Unit and Density

# CHP 1- SI Unit and Density

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Lecture note Week 1
Lecture note Week 1

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10/25/2012

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Chapter 1: Physical Quantities and SI Unit
1
Physical quantity
A quantity that could be measured.
SI Unit
The system of the units used in engineering and science
Base Quantity Unit and symbol
Length, L Meter, mMass, m Kilogram, kgTime, t Second, sElectric current, I Ampere, AThermodynamic temperature, T Kelvin, KLuminous intensity, l
v
Candela, cdAmount of substance, n Mole, mol
PhysicalQuantities andSI Unit
PhysicalQuantitiesSI UnitBaseQuantityDerivedQuantity
Length, mass,time, current,temperature,mol, luminousintensit
Prefixes
Area, volume,density, relativedensity

Chapter 1: Physical Quantities and SI Unit
2
Base quantity
A quantity that cannot be defined in terms of other base quantities.1.

Length:distance between two pointsstandard unit of length is the meter
e.g.: the distance between GMi and students’ house
2.

Mass:The amount of matter in a bodyMeasured in
kilograms, kg
3.

TimeDuration to measure sequence events, to compare the durations of events andthe intervals between them, and to quantify the motions of objects.Measured in second, s4.

Electric currentThe rate of flow of chargeMeasured in
ampere, A
5.

Thermodynamic temperatureAverage energy of motion in matterMeasured in Kelvin, K
1 kg=1000g1000kg=1 tonne1 day=24 hr, 1 hr=60 seconds

Chapter 1: Physical Quantities and SI Unit
3
6.

Luminous intensitymeasure of the wavelength-weighted power emitted by a light sourcemeasured in candela, cd (Candela)7.

Amount of substanceamount of mattermeasured in mole, mol
Derived quantity
A physical quantity derived from a combination of various base quantities.1.

Area:Measure of the size or a plane of surface and measured by multiplying a lengthby a lengthIf the length are in meter then the unit of area is
square meter, m
2
2.

Volume:A measure of the space occupied by solid and measured by multiplying a lengthby a length by a lengthIf the length in meter then the unit of volume is in cubic meters, m
3
3.

Density:Mass per unit volume of a substance.The symbol used is (rho)Units are kg/m
3