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Asthma vs Emphysema

Asthma vs Emphysema

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Published by kat
Asthma is a chronic lung disease that involves inflammation of the bronchial airways Results in increased mucus production and widespread airway narrowing Classified as extrinsic or intrinsic Extrinsic factors are characterized by symptoms that are triggered by an allergic reaction Intrinsic factors are not understood but often triggered by an upper respiratory tract or bronchial infection Some complications include death...............
Asthma is a chronic lung disease that involves inflammation of the bronchial airways Results in increased mucus production and widespread airway narrowing Classified as extrinsic or intrinsic Extrinsic factors are characterized by symptoms that are triggered by an allergic reaction Intrinsic factors are not understood but often triggered by an upper respiratory tract or bronchial infection Some complications include death...............

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Published by: kat on Jul 18, 2010
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09/18/2014

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by: Kathleen DeSouza & Rennette Garcia
PATHOPHYSIOLOGYOF ASTHMA
Asthma is a chronic lung disease that
involves inflammation of the bronchial
airways
Results in increased mucus production and
widespread airway narrowing
Classified as extrinsic or intrinsic
Extrinsic factors are characterized by
symptoms that are triggered by an allergic
reaction

Intrinsic factors are not understood but often triggered by an upper respiratory tract or bronchial infection

Some complications include death,
decreased ability to exercise or take part in
other activities, lack ofsleep due to
nighttimesymptoms, permanent changes in
the function of the lungs, persistent cough

Clinical manifestations include the
following:
Mild asthma
Acute asthma attack
Status asthmaticus
CAUSES, RISK FACTORS &
SIGNS/SYMPTOMSOFASTHMA
The cause of asthma is relatively unknown, but some researchers say it can be a
combination of factors.

Some factors are atophy, parents who have asthma, certain respiratory infections
during childhood and contact withsome airborne allergens or exposure tosome
viral infections in infancy/early childhood when the immunesystem is developing.

Asthma is more common in women and African-Americans.
Allergy ist he strongest predisposing factor for asthma.
Symptoms of asthma include wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and cough.
Nurses should watch for a ³hunched over´position in apatient. It is an indication
that thepatient is attempting to get more air.
Assessing for signs of cyanosisisalso extremely important.

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