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Computer Networking

Computer Networking

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Published by Arjun Verma
Computer Networking
Computer Networking

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Arjun Verma on Jul 19, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/31/2013

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ComputerNetworking
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Computer Networking
Table of Contents
 
Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 1 Advantages & Disadvantages of Computer Networking .................................................... 2 Components of a Network..................................................................................................... 4 Types of Networks ................................................................................................................ 7
 
1.
 
LAN - Local Area Network ........................................................................................ 7
 
2.
 
WAN - Wide Area Network ....................................................................................... 7
 
Difference between Local Area Network (LAN) & Wide Area Network (WAN)........... 8
 
1.
 
Peer-to-peer networks................................................................................................. 9
 
2.
 
Client/server networks ................................................................................................ 9
 
Difference between Peer-to-Peer Network & Client/Server Network ........................... 10
 
I.
 
Topology .................................................................................................................. 11
 
1.
 
Bus topology ..................................................................................................... 11
 
2.
 
Ring topology.................................................................................................... 11
 
3.
 
Star topology ..................................................................................................... 12
 
II.
 
Protocol ................................................................................................................ 13
 
Common types of protocols: ........................................................................................... 13
 
III.
 
Architecture .......................................................................................................... 14 Wireless Networks .............................................................................................................. 15
 
Advantages & Disadvantages of WLAN ......................................................................... 16 Advantages of Networking in schools/colleges ................................................................... 18
 
 
Computer Networking
1
I
ntroduction
A computer network, often simply referred to as a network, is a collection of computers anddevices connected by communications channels that facilitates communications among usersand allows users to share resources with other users. Networks may be classified according to awide variety of characteristics. A computer network allows sharing of resources andinformation among devices connected to the network.Computer networks can be used for several purposes:
y
 
Facilitating Communications
U
sing a network, people can communicate efficiently and easily via e-mail,instant messaging, chat rooms, telephone, video telephone calls, and videoconferencing.
y
 
Sh
aring Hardware
In a networked environment, each computer on a network can access and usehardware on the network. Suppose several personal computers on a network eachrequire the use of a laser printer. If the personal computers and a laser printer areconnected to a network, each user can then access the laser printer on thenetwork, as they need it.
y
 
Sh
aring files, data and information
In a network environment, any authorized user can access data and informationstored on other computers on the network. The capability of providing access todata and information on shared storage devices is an important feature of manynetworks.
y
 
Sh
aring
S
oftware
 
U
sers connected to a network can access application programs on the network.Fig 1 gives an example of a network in a school comprising of a local area network or LANconnecting computers with each other, the internet, and various servers.
Fig 1: Representation of Network in a sc
h
ool.
School µLocal AreaNetwork¶ (LAN)
Modem or Router  Access to:Internet content &learning resources,Scoilnet etcEmail communicationCache, Proxy,Filtering, FirewallServer 
UserscomputersOther users,computers
File and Print Server CD or MultimediaServers,

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