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New Magicks for a New Age Volume II Book 2 Part 5: Mars

New Magicks for a New Age Volume II Book 2 Part 5: Mars

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Published by Polaris93
NEW MAGICKS FOR A NEW AGE. Volume II: The Magickal Sky. Book 2: The Planets. Part 5: Mars. Revised 7/18/2010 e.v. The exoteric and esoteric corrolates of Mars.
NEW MAGICKS FOR A NEW AGE. Volume II: The Magickal Sky. Book 2: The Planets. Part 5: Mars. Revised 7/18/2010 e.v. The exoteric and esoteric corrolates of Mars.

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Published by: Polaris93 on Jul 19, 2010
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Yael R. DragwylaFirst North American rightsemail: polaris93@aol.com18,500 wordshttp://polaris93.livejournal.com/
NEW MAGICKS FOR A NEW AGE
Volume II: The Magickal Sky
Book 2: The Planets
Part 5: Mars
Chapter 1: General Discussion
Mars’s orbit around Sol lies just outside that of our world. At Mars’s Solar opposition, when He is at perigee, He is closer to us than Venus is during much of Her orbit around the Sun. Of all other Planets, atHis brightest He is only outshone by Venus. His baleful, bloody light is appropriate to His positionamong the Gods as Lord of War, Strife and Battle; that He sometimes comes closer to us even thanVenus surely is fitting, for we are a most contentious species, loving battle and strife at least as much as peace and love, if not more!Before the inception of the Space Age, many astronomers believed that Mars was a Planetary twinto Earth, with an atmosphere similar to ours and polar ice-caps consisting primarily of water-ice. Over the last two or three centuries, astronomers, science-fiction writers, and laymen alike speculatedendlessly about the possibilities of Martian life, and it was widely believed that if we ever reached theRed Planet, we would find it teeming with life of some kind, however odd or alien it might seem to us.Only with the launching of robot Martian fly-by space-probes and landers have we learned the truecondition of the Martian surface environment, arid, barren, subjected to extreme temperature rangesdropping to well below the freezing-point of carbon dioxide during the Martian night, lacking open water in any form, swept by vast, scouring dust-storms often lasting for months at a time. And even now, itstill isn’t certain whether living beings native to Mars dwell on His surface or, perhaps, just below it, protected from the bone-freezing cold, the monster dust-storms, the desiccated, virtually airlessenvironment of the Martian surface by a thick layer of soil and dust.Mars’s “year” is some 687 terrestrial days in length. He has an extremely eccentric orbit, as previously mentioned; though He is 249 million kilometers from Sol at aphelion, at perihelion Hisorbital distance from Sol is only 206 million km. His perigee
 – 
His closest approach to us
 – 
takes placewhen He is simultaneously at perihelion and opposition (directly across the sky from Sol, as seen fromEarth*), so that we are then directly between Mars and Sol, on the line determined by Them. When thisoccurred in September 1988, His distance from Earth was just 58,400,000 km, and His apparent diameter was almost 24 arc-seconds wide. At that time, ground-based observations of Mars from Earth wereclearer than at almost any other time, since His perihelion doesn’t usually coincide with His opposition,the best possible time to view Him via ground-based telescopes (otherwise, His disc is less than fully lit by Sol, as seen from Earth).
 
*Mars, like the Planets beyond Him, appears to be in retrograde motion at this time, moving from East toWest across the sky from night to night as observed from Earth. This is because the Earth movesfaster along Her orbit than Mars does His, so at opposition, She first pulls even with Him, thengradually passes and outdistances Him, like the way in which a racehorse on the inside of the race-track pulls even with, then ahead of another horse moving at the same speed along the outside of thetrack. When a Planet is retrograde, its esoteric influence is at a maximum, and its mundaneinfluence is weakened, debilitated; in horary charts, a retrograde significator is considered a veryinauspicious testimony for the outcome of the question. Why this is so isn’t clear, for the Planet inquestion is then at perigee, and logically it would seem that the closer it is, the stronger its influence,the reverse of the actual case. In any event, retrograde motion of a Planet occurs during its perigee,while its direct motion occurs when it has moved away from its closest approach to us. Mercury andVenus are at perigee when They are between us and Sol; Mars and the Planets beyond Him are at perigee when we are between Them and Sol. In all cases, though, a Planet is retrograde when at perigee or near it, and in direct motion when near or at apogee. Exactly what the geometry involvedimplies in terms of astrological influence is still being researched and is frequently a matter of hotdebate among astrologers even today.The inclination of His axis of rotation from the vertical is 23.98 degrees, almost identical to that of Earth, which is 23.4 degrees. As a result, Mars experiences four Seasons during the Martian year, just asEarth does, though of course His Seasons are almost twice the length of our world’s. The progression of His Seasons is clearly observable from Earth. For example, during Spring in His Northern hemisphere,His North polar cap shrinks, while the material on his surface in His more temperate latitudes appears todarken in color, the patches of darkening seeming to spread as His Spring progresses into Summer.Mars receives about 40% more Sunlight at perihelion than at aphelion. As a result, His Summehemisphere is much warmer at perihelion than at aphelion, while His Winter hemisphere is far colder ataphelion than at perihelion.Operating together, all these factors produce temperatures ranging between -125 degrees C and+37° C (-193 to +99 degrees F). On the whole, Mars is extremely cold, far more so than our world. Hisequatorial temperatures range from a high of +26° C (+78.8° F) to about -111° C (-167.8° F) just beforedawn. Around the Martian poles, temperatures rarely rise higher than -123° C (-189.4° F) at any timeduring the year.Mars’s rotational period, 24h37m22.6sm is just a little longer than that of our world. Mars is arelatively small Planet, with an equatorial diameter of 6,794 km and a polar diameter of 6,759, givingHim a very low ellipticity, only about .0052, just a little over half a percent. He masses only 6.42 x 10
23
kg, a mass just 11% that of the Earth. With a volume 15% that of Earth, this gives Him a density of 3.93g/cm
3
, 71% that of our world, the lowest of any of the terrestrial Planets, and only slightly greater thanLuna’s. As a result, His surface gravity is only 38% that of Earth, and His escape velocity is 5 km/s, lessthan half that of the Earth, sufficient to retain an atmosphere so thin it barely qualifies as such.We have only a limited understanding of the internal structure of Mars, based more on theoreticalmodels than upon direct evidence. We aren’t even sure whether or not He has a core. The first fly-byspace-probes to examine Him found a very weak magnetic field; but while Mariner 4 encountered a bow shock, it was unable to determine whether this magnetic field was intrinsic to Mars or was rather induced by the Solar wind. He is like Luna rather than Mercury in His apparent lack of an appreciablemagnetic field. If it does turn out that His internal structure resembles that of the Earth, after all,including an iron-rich core, mantle, and relatively thin outer crust, the temperature of His core wouldhave to be much lower than that of our world to account for his virtually non-existent magnetic field.The ancients believed that the heavens, the abode of the Gods, were absolutely perfect in every way.With the advent of modern astronomy and the invention of the telescope, this literal-minded insistence ona concrete, geometric manifestation of spiritual perfection, with all that it implies, has had to beabandoned, piece by piece, and Western humanity has been dragged, kicking and screaming all the way,into a modern understanding of the natural world and its relation to divinity by the findings of modern,high-tech science. During the Middle Ages, it was generally believed that the orbital geometries of thePlanets were absolutely circular, since the Circle, being a perfect shape, mirrored the perfection of God.But in 1609 e.v., Johannes Kepler discovered that this wasn’t so, that the Planetary orbits, rather than being perfect circles, were instead ellipses. Medieval men properly believed that the surfaces of the
 
Lights, the Planets, and the Stars were absolutely without blemish; this notion was torpedoed in 1610e.v. when Galileo Galilei, using the newly-invented telescope, discovered Sunspots. And whereasmedieval humanity believed that the Planets, reflecting God’s perfection and embodying the perfection of His creation, were perfectly spherical in shape, since the time of Kepler and Galileo, astronomicalobservations have continuously added to the evidence that this assumption likewise doesn’t reflectreality.The shape of Mars is no exception. Mars is by no means a perfect sphere. On the contrary, He has a pronounced bulge, centered at 101 degrees West, 14 degrees South, in His Tharsis region, which rises tosome 10 km above mean datum.* His surface exhibits a tremendous variety of features, but it can bedivided into two fairly unequal hemispheres, North and South, their dividing line running obliquelyrelative to His equator. Generally speaking, His Southern hemisphere is the older of the two, shown bythe tremendous number of craters in it, similar in number per unit area to that of the Lunar highlands.This older surface is also between one and three km above the mean datum. Mars’s Northernhemisphere, on the other hand, has a much lower average elevation, and is much less densely cratered.The surface of that hemisphere contains an abundance of volcanic features, including the gigantic shieldvolcanoes of Tharsis, one of which, Olympus Mons, is almost certainly the largest in the Solar System.These volcanoes rise from the Tharsis “bulge” and from a smaller but similar raised area in Elysium tothe West of the Tharsis region.East of Tharsis is an enormous canyon system, Valles Marineris. Radiating outward from it are largearrays of tensional faults, or “graben.” Both of these features are probably related to the formation of Tharsis itself. North of the canyons in this region are a wealth of outflow channels, which may have been produced during a period of catastrophic flooding around 3.0-3.5 billion years ago. The ancient, crateredterrain and the young, volcano plains overlap and interlace at the boundary between the two. The ancientsurface has apparently wasted away there, in places collapsing into “chaotic terrain,” across which a greatdeal of the debris eroded from it.*Mars, unlike Earth, has no oceans, so “sea-level” can’t serve as a standard reference for altitude onMars. Instead, a standard of atmospheric pressure is used, in this case, 6.1 millibars (mb).The youngest exposed surfaces on Mars seem to be those around His poles. Well-laminated depositsappear in the polar regions, cut by deep valleys which clearly expose the layering. Very few impactcraters are found here; though such craters must once have been present in this region, evidently theyhave long since either been removed somehow or covered over by sedimentary detritus.Mars’s early history isn’t well understood. But it is likely that resurfacing of His Northernhemisphere took place very early in His evolution, perhaps 4 billion years ago. This may have beenconnected in some way with the formation of His inner core.After this resurfacing took place, Mars experienced a period of intense volcanic activity, which was probably directly connected with the formation of the Tharsis bulge. The extensive fracturing of Hissurface must certainly have been related to the rise of Tharsis, and probably the opening of VallesMarineris, as well. It isn’t clear how long ago this volcanic activity went on; considerably more data isneeded before we can be sure.The details of the surface topography of Mars are fascinating. For example, in addition to His manyvolcanic craters, His surface also contains a vast number of meteoric impact craters, some of them morethan 200 km across, suggesting that He suffered the same period of intense meteoric bombardment thatcharacterized the early Solar System and scarred many of the other Planets and Moons, especially Lunaand Mercury.* Mysterious channels, resembling river-beds in appearance but arising from no recentsource of liquid water, also cross His surface, some of them many hundreds of kilometers long.** Thegigantic canyon systems of the Valles Marineris, their vast domain dwarfing the Grand Canyon of theColorado of the American Southwest, and the many vast, smooth plains of Western Chryse Planitia, possibly the remnants of gigantic outflows of basaltic magma that welled out of Mars’s incandescent,molten interior onto His surface when He was still young and tectonically active, further complicate Hissurface.

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