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New frontiers of biology

New frontiers of biology

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Published by UloveUthink
.. biology is a fledgling discipline of science dealing with the design and creation of new forms of life forms or modifying existing ones. Its goal is the creation of multicellular organisms like animals, but keeping the bacteria, which would bring benefit humanity. In the near future they can find application in medicine and in the field of environmental protection. But researchers hope that synthetic biology will also contribute to finding answers to basic questions such as "what is life?" Or "how it was formed here on Earth?".
.. biology is a fledgling discipline of science dealing with the design and creation of new forms of life forms or modifying existing ones. Its goal is the creation of multicellular organisms like animals, but keeping the bacteria, which would bring benefit humanity. In the near future they can find application in medicine and in the field of environmental protection. But researchers hope that synthetic biology will also contribute to finding answers to basic questions such as "what is life?" Or "how it was formed here on Earth?".

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: UloveUthink on Jul 19, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/13/2014

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NewfrontiersofbiologyObtainingafirst-controlledartificialbacteriagenomeisundoubtedlyagreatachievementofscienceandgoodnewsformedicine.Butwhatpromisestocreatemoreeffectivetreatments,mayalsoturnagainsthumanity.Importanttobeawareofdangerintime.Syntheticbiologyisafledglingdisciplineofsciencedealingwiththedesignandcreationofnewformsoflifeformsormodifyingexistingones.Itsgoalisthecreationofmulticellularorganismslikeanimals,butkeepingthebacteria,whichwouldbringbenefithumanity.Inthenearfuturetheycanfindapplicationinmedicineandinthefieldofenvironmentalprotection.Butresearchershopethatsyntheticbiologywillalsocontributetofindinganswerstobasicquestionssuchas"whatislife?"Or"howitwasformedhereonEarth?".AnexampleofprogressinbiomedicalsciencecanbeadoctorCellproject(MobileDoctor),headedbyLuisSerrano,CentredeRegulacióGenomic(CenterforRegulatorygenomic,CRG)inBarcelona.Aspartoftheresearch,scientistsaretryingtomodifythebacteriainsuchawayastoenableittooperateinthehumanbodyinaccordancewiththewillofthedoctor.Forexample,trytogrowbacteriainteractingwithcancercellsthatcouldbehelpfulinthediagnosisofcancer.Otherbacteriacanbeanexcellentvehicleformedicinalsubstances,transportingthemdirectlytosickcells,thusavoidingthesideeffectsonhealthycells.AbouthowmuchpotentialliesinthiskindofresearchcanwitnessthefactthattheEuropeanCouncilforScientificResearchhasawardedfundstofinancethisprojectasoneofthemostexcitingventuresinthefieldofbiomedicalresearchinEurope.Inaddition,theformationofnumerousbiotechnologycompanies,projectsrelatedtosyntheticbiology,indicatesthatthisdisciplineinthelongruncanbringsignificanteconomicbenefits.Whenitcomestosyntheticbiologyapplicationsfortheprotectionoftheenvironment,itisexpectedthatthererangeofinterestofthissciencewillbeverywide,rangingfromtheproductionofbiofuelsandonthegrowingofbacteria,whichwillgumderivativeofcrudeoilandwillbeusefultoeliminateleaks.Considerationisalsopossibletoconstructabiologicalcomputer,inwhichalldatawillbeencodedinthecellDNA.-Wecannotestimatethefullpotentialofthisdomain-MarkIsalannoticedlately,thespecialistforsyntheticbiology,CentredeRegulacióGenomic.-Itseems,however,thatinthiscasearelimitedonlybythelimitsofourimagination.Potentialrisks"Aswillappear,newapplicationsofsyntheticgenomics,itisexpectedthatthisactivitywillbearousedcontroversyeverlargerphilosophicalnature,whichwillhavewiderepercussionsonsocialandethicalissues"-admitsteamofresearchersfromtheJ.CraigVenterInstituteinthejournalScience.Animportantelementofthisdebatewillbeideology:isitacceptablefromthepointofviewofethics,thatthemanmanipulatedthebiologicalsoftwareofotherspeciesatitswhim?Anotherimportantelementwillbepracticalconsiderations.Manipulationofthegenomescanbringsignificantbenefitstomankind,butsuchactionsarealsoalotofdanger.Forexample,youimaginearepetitionofthehistoryofDr.Frankensteinversionofsingle-celled:motivatedbywell-intentionedscholarsformedanewcreation,andhewouldturnagainstus,leadingtodisaster.Couldhappen,forexample,thatbacteriareleasedintotheenvironmentinordertoremovepollutants,upsetthewholebalanceoftheecosystem.

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