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In for Ma Tic a 3

In for Ma Tic a 3

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Published by Vladulescu Daniela

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Published by: Vladulescu Daniela on Jul 19, 2010
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07/06/2013

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 1
 
INTERNETUL
,
MIJLOC DE INFORMARE
Ş
ICOMUNICARE
Lector univ. dr. Mihai Gavot
ă
 
 
 2
 
INTERNETUL
,
MIJLOC DE INFORMARE
Ş
ICOMUNICARE
Bucure
ş
ti - 2006
 
 3
1. SCURT ISTORIC.....................................................................................................................6
 
2. NO
Ţ
IUNI FUNDAMENTALE, CONCEPTE
Ş
I TERMENI...............................................8
 
E
Ţ
ELE DE CALCULATOARE
.........................................................................................................8
Criterii de clasificare a re
 ţ 
elelor............................................................................................8
 
Topologii ale re
 ţ 
elelor ............................................................................................................8
 
Componentele hardware ale unei re
 ţ 
ele.................................................................................9
 
 Protocoalele unei re
 ţ 
ele........................................................................................................10
 I
 NTERNET
Ş
I
W
ORLD
W
IDE
W
EB
(WWW).................................................................................10HTTP,
HIPERLEG
Ă
TURI
, FTP, NEWS, ISP................................................................................11B
ROADBAND
, S
TREAMING
, I
 NTERACTIVE
W
EB
-TV, M
ICROCASTING
........................................12
 Broadband.............................................................................................................................12
 
Streaming audio
 ş
i video (fluxuri audio
 ş
i video).................................................................13
 
 Interactive Web TV – Web TV Interactiv..............................................................................13
 
Microcasting (micro-difuzare)..............................................................................................14
 F
ORMAREA
Ş
I STRUCTURA ADRESELOR 
W
EB
.............................................................................14
Conexiune - port....................................................................................................................15
 A
DRESELE
IP,
CLASELE DE ADRESE
IP
Ş
I REZOLU
Ţ
IA ADRESELOR 
.............................................16C
OMENZI UTILE DIN LINIA DE COMAND
Ă
....................................................................................17
3. BROWSER-UL, NAVIGAREA WEB
Ş
I MOTOARELE DE C
Ă
UTARE.......................20
 B
ROWSER 
-
UL
.............................................................................................................................20 N
AVIGAREA
W
EB
.......................................................................................................................24B
ROWSER CONTRA BROWSER 
.....................................................................................................27M
OTOARELE DE C
Ă
UTARE
..........................................................................................................30
Cum lucreaz 
ă 
motoarele de c
ă 
utare?...................................................................................39
 
Câteva reguli utile de construire a interog 
ă 
rilor..................................................................40
 
4. SECURITATEA ÎN INTERNET..........................................................................................42
 C
ERTIFICATELE DIGITALE
..........................................................................................................42
 Autentificarea........................................................................................................................43
 
Confiden
 ţ 
ialitatea comunic
ă 
rii.............................................................................................43
 
Criptarea simetric
ă 
 , cu cheie public
ă 
 
 ş
i cheie privat 
ă 
.........................................................43
 V
IRU
Ş
I INFORMATICI
Ş
I FIREWALL
..............................................................................................44
Viru
 ş
i informatici..................................................................................................................44
 
 Firewall.................................................................................................................................44
 C
OOKIES
, C
ACHE
Ş
I
W
EB
-B
UGS
.................................................................................................45P
ERICOLE POSIBILE ATUNCI CÂND SE NAVIGHEAZ
Ă
ÎN
I
 NTERNET
...............................................47
EGULI ELEMENTARE CARE TREBUIE RESPECTATE ATUNCI CÂND SE NAVIGHEAZ
Ă
ÎN
I
 NTERNET
Ş
IPROGRAME DE PROTEC
Ţ
IE CE POT FI UTILIZATE
..........................................................................48
5. PO
Ş
TA ELECTRONIC
Ă
......................................................................................................50
 S
ECURITATEA E
-
MAIL
................................................................................................................51F
ORMAREA
Ş
I STRUCTURA ADRESELOR DE E
-
MAIL
.....................................................................51U
TILIZAREA APLICA
Ţ
IEI E
-
MAIL
O
UTLOOK 
E
XPRESS
.................................................................52L
UCRUL CU MESAJE E
-
MAIL
.......................................................................................................60C
REAREA CONTURILOR E
-
MAIL
Ş
I ABONAREA LA NEWSGROUPS
.................................................70
 Lucrul cu Outlook Express....................................................................................................70
 
 Lucrul cu Netscape Messenger.............................................................................................75
 

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