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APUSH Review Study Guide - The American Pageant - Thomas A. Bailey & David M. Kennedy

APUSH Review Study Guide - The American Pageant - Thomas A. Bailey & David M. Kennedy

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Published by C. E. W.
IF YOU DOWNLOAD OR READ, please comment and/or rate * * * * * ... We don't think that's too much to ask for access to a 20-page document that took a year of class to learn and and one all-nighter of work to assemble!

A summary of Chapters 2-44 of The American Pageant, 10e by Bailey and Kennedy. 400 years of everything CollegeBoard wants you to know for the AP United States History test, written by three students with As in the class and 5s on the test. We hook it up!
IF YOU DOWNLOAD OR READ, please comment and/or rate * * * * * ... We don't think that's too much to ask for access to a 20-page document that took a year of class to learn and and one all-nighter of work to assemble!

A summary of Chapters 2-44 of The American Pageant, 10e by Bailey and Kennedy. 400 years of everything CollegeBoard wants you to know for the AP United States History test, written by three students with As in the class and 5s on the test. We hook it up!

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Published by: C. E. W. on Jul 19, 2010
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09/17/2011

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AP United States History Summary, 1600-1993Bailey, Thomas A. & David M. Kennedy.
The American Pageant,
10
th
ed. ©1993
1
 
SECTION I: FROM COLONIES TO COUNTRYCh2: Planting of English America
By 1600, C & S America transformed, N America unoccupied, primitive outpostsJamestown 1607, Quebec 1608, Santa Fe 1610Catholic-Protestant Rivalry, English plundered Spanish, 1588 Armada destroyedEngland¶s prominence grew with Spanish peace, joint stock cos., growing populationJamestown starts with King James¶s charter for gold, Indies passage, 100 settlersStruggles, few resources, rough winters, saved by leader John SmithClash with natives²war, attacks, disease, disunity, economic instabilityJohn Rolfe, Tobacco brings colonies to survival and profitabilityIncreased European demand, grew in VA soil, but required labor Maryland developed as a Catholic haven, Lord Baltimore, Acts of Toleration 1649West Indies were prized²Spanish, Dutch tussled, Britain gained, sugar was kingColonization interrupted in 1640s with English Civil War at home, turmoil on throneFormed from poor, discontent, banished, NC & RI became the most democratic coloniesGA buffer colony 1733, protected from French LA, Spanish FL, slow to prosper Plantations, slavery ruled South, education and infrastructure poor, opposite of North
Ch3: Settling Northern Colonies
Pilgrims, Calvinists persecuted in England, came to New England on Mayflower Merged with Massachusetts Bay Colony for economic, spiritual reasonsFounded by puritans, well equipped, smart leaders, fishing, industriousBasic democracy, propertied church members could participate in town hallPurpose of government to enforce god¶s laws. Clergy powerfulRoger Williams founded R.I. on freedom of religion, opportunity for the individualisticEngland in turmoil, 4 colonies band together form New England ConfederationLeft on their own when Civil War convulsed England in 1640sDutch, Spanish competitiors inch closer to British holdingsMiddle colonies are a mix of N and S, economically and culturallySome trade and commerce, some farmingMore diversity of faiths and residents
Ch4: American Life in 17
th
Century
Huge increase in tobacco production, prices dropped, whites planted more, indentured servants Nathaniel Bacon, others angered by Berkeley¶s Indian-friendly policyLed poor whites in rebellion, increased tension between poor/rich, import of black slaves1680 rise in English wages, looked to west Africa for workers, started economic, turned rascistChesapeake slaves had it better than southern slaves, closer together, easier climate, cropsSlavery created class-divided south, rich not aristocratic, hardworking, common New Englanders lived longer, emphasis on family, children, stability, northern women lesser Life focused on puritan customs, carefully planned towns, church democracy, town gov¶tPopulation grew, younger generations went farther from church, led to halfway covenanteveryone admitted to church, puritans replaced by commercialism New Englanders sharp, frugal businessmen, hardy, honest, tough, epitome of USBetter than Europeans, Americans middle class, European poor or rich
 
AP United States History Summary, 1600-1993Bailey, Thomas A. & David M. Kennedy.
The American Pageant,
10
th
ed. ©1993
2
 
Ch5: Colonies on Eve of Revolution
 American population was growing, shifted balance of power to US, very diverse, createdincredibly diverse country, unique culture, most diverse place in the worldAgriculture largest industry, fishing the second largest, doctors lawyers weren¶t esteemedSociety was far looser than in England, easier to change social levelsTriangle trade enabled Americans to get rich easily (America to Africa to West Indies)English market not large enough for American goods, Americans illegally turned to West IndiesThere were two large churches, Anglicans and Congregational Church± PuritansGreat Awakening revived religious fervor, effects included founding of schools, sense of unityEducation prospered in New England, didn¶t encourage creative thinking News papers gained some freedom of press after Zenger decisionColonial government consisted of governors and two houses, upper house and lower Town meeting style local government present in North, although one had to be propertied to voteit wasn¶t hard to acquire land, showing signs of democracy, United States was growing
Ch6: Struggle for North America
France late because of religious turmoil, edict of Nantes insured religious unity, establishedQuebecJoined with Huron against Iroquois bad move Iroquois later prevented them from Ohio ValleyMost important resource was the beaver, pursued it all over North AmericaBuilt Detroit and New Orleans to thwart Spanish and British expansionOhio river valley desired by French and British, French built up presence with forts, Georgewashing attacked defeated at Fort DunsqueFrench and Indian war expanded into Seven Years War, British and Prussian beat over extendedFrench, didn¶t have enough troops to send to the New WorldAt the intercolonial congress in Albany Franklin proposed a plan for colonial home rule whichwas shut down by British who were unwilling to compromiseBraddock decimated by French Indian guerilla tactics, left the left flank of America exposed,Indians went on a warpath1765 British tried a full scale invasion of Canada focus on frontier outposts instead of Montreal/QuebecPitt took Louisbourg turned tide of war, James Wolfe to Quebec, scaled cliffs, defeated FrenchEnded war with treaty gave America complete control over the continentFriction started to develop with British who had contempt for American militia, and colonial businessmen who sold to French West Indies during war Colonists gained unity from French Indian war, whole continent now open for settlementhowever British blocked colonization, wanted to make deal with Indians, Americansdisobeyed started conflict
Ch7:Road to Revolution
Vast distances from England, less aristocratic atmosphere, hard living, gave Americans spirit of individualism american independence in colonist¶s minds had started when they got tothe usColonists enjoyed leniency in government, believed their parliament to be equal to EnglandBritain didn¶t pay much attention to colonies, ³Board of Trade´ was in charge, basically had amercantilist attitude, colonies for amassing of metal and raw materials
 
AP United States History Summary, 1600-1993Bailey, Thomas A. & David M. Kennedy.
The American Pageant,
10
th
ed. ©1993
3
 
Mercantilism created many laws, ex. Navigation Laws said colonists could exclusively trade withBritish, couldn¶t compete with Britain, British TariffsProblem existed because colonists bought more than they sold to Britain, had to pay a lot of cash,however couldn¶t print their own money, London had authority to veto colonies lawsMercantilism had some benefits including a free army, monopoly of English tobacco market, bounties to ship builders, however many Americans didn¶t follow mercantilistic laws, Americansfelt used, cheated, weren¶t allowed to fully prosper Following seven years war, territory and debt, put garrison of soldiers in US, wanted US to help pay, Grenville not tactful passed sugar, stamp, quartering which caused colonial resentmentColonists questioned why army was needed when Spanish and French were goneTaxes at time worse in Britain, colonists didn¶t actually want representation, they were just bsingStamp congress unified, responded by not importing british goods, harassed tax collectors, stampagentsBritain relied on colonial market repeals stamp, passes Townshend lighter tax, colonists stilldidn¶t complyKing George repeals Townshend, but tries to enforce NavigationBritish east india, important for British tax revenue, floundering, british government bails themout giving monopoly on American tea market, America on principle refuses to be taxed for tealeads to boston tea partyPasses repressive acts, closes boston¶s ports, starts colonial congress in response purpose is rightsnot independence,Parliament ignores, leads to battles at Lexington and ConcordAmerican appears weaker however had a few advantages, britain distracted by other problems,sympathetic faction in Britain, British army over rated, America was huge and far away fromEngland, home soil, marksmen, moral ground weaknesses, no unity, congress no leadership, nosupplies
Ch8:Secedes from Empire
Initially Americans had no will to secede, they fought but insisted they weren¶t rebellingInitially captured Ticonderoga and Crown Point which gave them gunpowder decimate British atBunker HilBunker Hill killed all chance of remaining loyalThomas Paine publishes common sense which convinces Americans they need to fight for independence then France can help t hem, leads to colonists giving up hope of reconciliationPatriots were a minority, simply occupied land the British couldn¶t cover, colonists fighting eachother Loyalists generally Anglican church, some fled from persecution, british made a mistake in notarming themBritish capture huge fleet off of New York, Washington retreats to Delaware River, Howe failsto pursue, Washington comes back on Christmas Eve for a sneak attack British attempt to capture Hudson river valley halted by Benedict Arnold stalls British at LakeChamplain, Howe and Burygone blundered by settling down for an early winter later defeateddecisive battle of SaratogaSaratoga convinced French to support US, gave arms and gunpowder a more legitimate chance, Now Britain had to protect their home front from French, Spanish, Holland

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