AP United States History Summary, 1600-1993Bailey, Thomas A. & David M. Kennedy.
The American Pageant,
SECTION I: FROM COLONIES TO COUNTRYCh2: Planting of English America
By 1600, C & S America transformed, N America unoccupied, primitive outpostsJamestown 1607, Quebec 1608, Santa Fe 1610Catholic-Protestant Rivalry, English plundered Spanish, 1588 Armada destroyedEngland¶s prominence grew with Spanish peace, joint stock cos., growing populationJamestown starts with King James¶s charter for gold, Indies passage, 100 settlersStruggles, few resources, rough winters, saved by leader John SmithClash with natives²war, attacks, disease, disunity, economic instabilityJohn Rolfe, Tobacco brings colonies to survival and profitabilityIncreased European demand, grew in VA soil, but required labor Maryland developed as a Catholic haven, Lord Baltimore, Acts of Toleration 1649West Indies were prized²Spanish, Dutch tussled, Britain gained, sugar was kingColonization interrupted in 1640s with English Civil War at home, turmoil on throneFormed from poor, discontent, banished, NC & RI became the most democratic coloniesGA buffer colony 1733, protected from French LA, Spanish FL, slow to prosper Plantations, slavery ruled South, education and infrastructure poor, opposite of North
Ch3: Settling Northern Colonies
Pilgrims, Calvinists persecuted in England, came to New England on Mayflower Merged with Massachusetts Bay Colony for economic, spiritual reasonsFounded by puritans, well equipped, smart leaders, fishing, industriousBasic democracy, propertied church members could participate in town hallPurpose of government to enforce god¶s laws. Clergy powerfulRoger Williams founded R.I. on freedom of religion, opportunity for the individualisticEngland in turmoil, 4 colonies band together form New England ConfederationLeft on their own when Civil War convulsed England in 1640sDutch, Spanish competitiors inch closer to British holdingsMiddle colonies are a mix of N and S, economically and culturallySome trade and commerce, some farmingMore diversity of faiths and residents
Ch4: American Life in 17
Huge increase in tobacco production, prices dropped, whites planted more, indentured servants Nathaniel Bacon, others angered by Berkeley¶s Indian-friendly policyLed poor whites in rebellion, increased tension between poor/rich, import of black slaves1680 rise in English wages, looked to west Africa for workers, started economic, turned rascistChesapeake slaves had it better than southern slaves, closer together, easier climate, cropsSlavery created class-divided south, rich not aristocratic, hardworking, common New Englanders lived longer, emphasis on family, children, stability, northern women lesser Life focused on puritan customs, carefully planned towns, church democracy, town gov¶tPopulation grew, younger generations went farther from church, led to halfway covenanteveryone admitted to church, puritans replaced by commercialism New Englanders sharp, frugal businessmen, hardy, honest, tough, epitome of USBetter than Europeans, Americans middle class, European poor or rich