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P. 1
Pump

Pump

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Published by Ram Krishna Singh

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Published by: Ram Krishna Singh on Jul 20, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/09/2013

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Pump
Pump has been defined differently by different investigators; the different definitions are, however, allsimilar and nearly equivalent.
y
 
A
device which raises or transfers liquids at the expense of power input.
y
 
A
machine designed to elevate, deliver and move various liquids
y
 
A
unit that transfers the mechanical energy of a motor or an engine into potential and kineticenergy of a liquid.(2) Pumps are used for rising liquid from lower level to higher level.(3) create low pressure at suction side, high pressure at delivery side
Classification of pumps:
A
ccording to design and principle of operation, pumps may be divided into two general categories. Thechoice is based on the liquid to be pumped and the desired head and capacity.(a)
Positive displacement pump (PDP)
 (1) Reciprocating: piston and plunger(2) Rotating: gear, lobe(b)
Roto-Dynamic Pump (RDP)
 (1) Centrifugal pump(2)
A
xial pump(3) Mixed flow pump
 
 
Centrifugal Pump:
A
centrifugal pump increases liquid pressure by increasing its velocity by means of a rotating
impeller 
.Liquid enters at the center of the impeller, is accelerated by the impeller vanes, and leaves through theside of the pump casing.
Difference between PDP and RDP
 
RDP PDP
  _________________________________________________________High Flow rate LowMuch steady pressure rise HighInsufficient high viscous liquid OKGenerally needed Priming Self 
 
 _________________________________________________________
Classification of centrifugal pumps:
Based on their utility, design and constructional features, centrifugal pumps can be classified withrespect to follow characters:
1.
 
T
ype of casing
a.
 
Volute pumpb.
 
Turbine pump or diffusion pump
2
.
 
W
orking head
a.
 
Low lift centrifugal pump  they work against the heads up to 15 mb.
 
Medium lift centrifugal pumps . Used to build up heads as high as 40 mc.
 
High lift centrifugal pump employed to deliver liquids at heads above 40 m
3
.
 
L
iquid handled
a.
 
Closed impeller pumpb.
 
Semi-open impeller pumpc.
 
Open impeller pump
4
.
 
N
umber of impeller per shaft
a.
 
Single stage centrifugal pumphas one impeller, usually a low lift pump.b.
 
Multistage centrifugal pump

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