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Trade Unions

Trade Unions

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Published by vivek6399

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Published by: vivek6399 on Jul 20, 2010
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TRADE UNIONS AT NTPC RAMANGUNDAMAreport submitted in partial fulfillmentOF INTERNAL EXAMINATIONMASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATIONByDileep M(1225109310)Under the guidance ofMr. PRASADAssistant Professor GITAM INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENTGITAM UNIVERSITYRUSHIKONDA(V), VISAKHAPATANAM-5300452009-2011C E R T I F I C A T EThis is to certify that the project work entitled
is a work done and submitted by M.DILEEP, in partial fulfillment of the requirement for theaward of the degree of Master of Business Administration by the
SECTION-V SUGGETIONS, FINDINGS &CONCLUSIONSECTION-VI QUESTIONNAIREBIBILOGRAPHYABSTRACTTrade unions are a major component of the system of modern industrial relationsin any nation, each having, in their constitution, their own set of objectives or goals to achieve. Change in the political, social and educational environmenthas seen them rechristened as a forum that protects and furthers workers' interests and improves the quality of life of workers, enlarging their traditional roles of establishing terms and conditions of employment. This paper focuses on plant level trade unions, particularly those of the National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) Ramagundam plant, one of the largest and best Public Sector Undertakings of India.This exploratory study of the different trade unions operational at the Ramagundam plant will also highlight their ideologies, objectives and structures. Theyaim to capture the changing paradigms in the roles of plant-level unions: from maintaining good industrial relations, once considered their primary role, they now work actively to improve the quality of life of workers& their standards in there production.Theoretical frame work/conceptual frameworkDEFINATION:-ØTrade unions are the voluntary organization of workers. They protect theinterest of the worker through joint action and look after their well-being.ØTrade Unions have become an integral and powerful factor in the contemporary system of production and distribution of goods and services.ØA trade union is an organized group of workers. Its maingoal is to protect and advance the interests of its members.Meaning:-·According to G.D.H. Cole,
An association of workers in one or more professions
an association carried on mainly for the purpose of protecting and advancing the members
economic interests in connection with their daily work.
?According to Webb,-
A trade union is a continuous association of wage earners for the purpose of maintaining and improving the conditions of their workinglives.
INTRODUCTIONTrade unions are a major component of the system of modern industrial relationsin any nation, each having their own set of objectives or goals to achieve according to their constitution and each having its own strategy to reach those goals. A trade union is an organization formed by workers to protect their interestsand improve their working conditions, among other goals. It is a continuous association of wage earners for the purpose of maintaining and improving working conditions. In developing countries, the right to form a union and bargain collectively protects workers from exploitative and abusive conditions at work and putspressure on employers to share productivity gains with their employees. Protection of basic worker and human rights indeveloping nations thus necessitates unionization so that the working population can reap the benefits of economic growth.Historically, union representation and collective bargaining have been the keysto the growth of a stable working population in developed economies, and have made it possible for workers to gain a more equitable share of the wealth that they create; they are also able to improve working conditions and help workers gainjob security.
Changes in the political, social and educational environments regarding awareness of rights
such as the right to organize, the right to bargain, and the rightto settle terms and conditions of employment
have caused worker unions to springup to protect and further workers' interests. Thus, with the establishment of minimum wages, norms for mandatory work hours, provisions for health and safety,and overall improvements in working conditions, unionization has become instrumental in improving the quality of work life.HISTORY OF TRADE UNIONØThe first trade union was started in 1877 in NagpurØIt was this labor protest on an organized scale, through the support ofsome philanthropic personalities, that organized labor unions came to be formedØThe setting up of large-scale industrial units, created conditions of widespread use of machinery, new lines of production, and brought about changes inworking and living environment of workers, and concentration of industries in large townsØThe first Factory
s Act was passed in 1881 by N.M. Lokhode (father of trade unions)ØIn 1919 Madras Labor Union was the first Union in India to be formed andestablished by B. P. VidaØBombay Trade Union formed in 1975 under the leadership of SorabjeeShapurjeeBengateeTOPIC RELEATED CONCEPTSFUNCTIONS OF TRADE UNIONSTrade unions are a legitimate system for organizing workers to voice their rights and grievances. Without unions, companies would become either too paternalistic or too dictatorial (Thomas, 2005). Responsible unions play an important role in maintaining cordial relations between management and labor.The major functionsare as follows:ØTo improve working and living conditions and to represent workers' interests in various formØTo offer responsive cooperation in improving levels of production and productivity, discipline, and high standards of quality.ØTo secure fair wages for workers.ØTo enlarge opportunities for promotion and training.ØTo promote identity of workers' interests with their industries.ØTo cooperate in and facilitate technological advancement by broadening workers' understanding of underlying issues.BASIC REQUIREMENT FOR FORMING A TRADE UNIONØAny seven or more members of a trade union may apply for registration ofa trade union in Form - A to the Registrar appointed for the area.ØThe application shall be accompanied by Schedule I, Schedule II and a byelaw and a resolution authorizing seven ordinary members of the union to make anapplication for registration of the union, and a treasury challah of Rs.100/- remitted as registration fee. (Section 4 and 5 read with Regulation: 3 & 5).ØTrade unions in India are governed by the Trade Unions Act of 1926, which is the main legislation that provides various rules, regulations and controlling mechanisms related to trade unions.ØREGISTRATION CERTIFICATE: On receipt of the application for registration, the Registrar, after making reasonable enquiry issue a Registration Certificat

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