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22642464 Introduction to Solid State Power Electronics

22642464 Introduction to Solid State Power Electronics

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Introduction to
Solid StatePower Electronics
Editor: John William Motto, Jr.Semiconductor Division Youngwood, Pennsylvania 15697
 
i
 Acknowledgement 
The material for this updated text was originally  written by Dr. William E. Newell, a noted authority on power electronics with the aid of his associates at the Westinghouse Research and Development Center. Until his untimely death in 1976, Dr. Newellhad devoted much of his life to helping practicingengineers and students alike better understand thefield of power electronics. As a “teacher” within Westinghouse, as well as at Carnegie MellonUniversity, Dr. Newell tested the materials in this text  well, with over five years of use and refinement. We dedicate this text to the memory of Dr. Newellfor his unselfish contributions to the field of powerelectronics. In order that future generations of engineers and students can profit from the efforts of Dr. Newell, The Westinghouse Electric Corporationhas engaged his friends and colleague John W.Motto, Jr., to edit this work. John brings to this taskover 17 years of applications and ratings experienceon power semiconductor devices. We hope you find this text a worthwhile addition to your reference library. We appreciate any comments you might have so that your ideas can be reflected insucceeding editions of this text.POWEREX, Inc.200 Hillis Street  Youngwood, PA 15697-1800
February 1977
COPYRIGHT
©
1977 BY POWEREX, INC. All Rights ReservedInformation furnished in this text is believed to beaccurate and reliable. However, Powerex can assumeno responsibility for its use; nor any infringements of patents, or other rights of third parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or other use under any patent or patent rights of Powerex.
 
ii
Foreword
 Although power electronics has a considerably longer history than many better known areas of electrical engineering, its widespread significance isonly now beginning to gain recognition. In a sense,power electronics is the marriage of techniques which are characteristically power. But theincompatibilities which have traditionally separatedthese two specialties makes the consummation of thismarriage far from simple. Power engineers find it difficult to adapt their intuitive thought patterns to amicrosecond time scale, and electronics engineershave similar problems in adjusting to the demands of a megawatt power scale. Thus there is a growingneed for electrical engineers whose capabilitiestranscend the two fields. At least three current trends dictate that in spite of its slow rise to prominence, power electronics willsoon emerge as a discipline and profession of major importance:1.The growing shortage of oil and gas and growingenvironmental concern will stimulate theutilization of clean electrical power in countlessnew areas now predominantly served by otherforms of energy.2.Efficiency in the manipulation and control oelectrical power will have increasing priority asthe rising cost of power forces the abandonment of techniques which are short-term cheap but long-term wasteful.3.The evolution of present applications and thecreation of new applications will cause increasingdemands for speed, precision, and reliability inpower control that can be satisfied by no othertechnology.This text seeks to introduce powerelectronics in a way which emphasizes both theshared and the unique aspects of a wide variety of circuits for power conversion and control. It also seeks to build on elementary fundamentals with which all electrical engineers should befamiliar. A review of these fundamental principalsneeded to establish a basic understanding of power electronics is concisely stated in AppendixI as the “Ten Cornerstones of Power Electronics.”This text is divided into the following majorchapters:I. IntroductionII. Diodes and Uncontrolled RectifiersIII. Thyristors, AC/DC Converters, and OtherNaturally Commutated CircuitsIV. Turn-off Devices and Self-commutated Circuits V. Power Semiconductor Device ProtectionEach of these chapters is further divided into concisediscussions of the topics and ideas that are felt to be of greatest importance in appreciating both thecapabilities and limitations of power electronics. Thisformat should allow the reader to quickly andselectively locate the section(s) of greatest interest tohim. Although a familiarity with the vocabulary of powerelectronics may result from reading or listening,experience has shown that relatively little usefullearning (defined as the acquisition of new skills)occurs in this way. The problems at the end of eachchapter are the “meat” of the text. These problemsseek to illustrate important results while encouragingthe reader to think and analyze in terms of broadly applicable physical principles. They seek to avoidboth routine “formula plugging” and excessivemathematical grinding.Once power electronics has penetrated your“awareness barrier,” hopefully you will be aroused tocontinue your involvement with the field, becominga contributor to the profession as well as abenefactor from the technology.

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