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FAQ Reasons for Rejecting the Book of Enoch

FAQ Reasons for Rejecting the Book of Enoch

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I have recently heard about a book called “The Book of Enoch.” I have heard that it gives details and explains about the fallen angels in Genesis and other passages of the Bible. I have read that it gives detail about another aspect of the Creator’s Calendar.
I have recently heard about a book called “The Book of Enoch.” I have heard that it gives details and explains about the fallen angels in Genesis and other passages of the Bible. I have read that it gives detail about another aspect of the Creator’s Calendar.

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Published by: scuggers1 on Jul 20, 2010
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03/21/2014

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FAQ BOOK OF ENOCH
Q: I have recently heard about a book called ―The Book of Enoch.‖ I have heard that it gives
details and explains about the fallen angels in Genesis and other passages of the Bible. I haveread that it gives detail about another aspect o
f the Creator‘s Calendar.
What are your thoughtson this book?A: Michael Rood and Glenn McWilliams are of the understanding that the Enoch is notScripture, nor does it give filler information concerning missing pieces of the Bible. Let us beclear that we are not prohibiting someone from reading the Book of Enoch. It is a great sourcefor someone researching Jewish and Christian Apocalyptic views of Second temple period time.It may have some piece of wisdom that a person can apply to their life. However, that is where itends for us. It is not authoritative, it is not Scripture
 — 
it is non-canonical, pseudo-garbage. Wemay offend some people with that statement, but you do not have to take our view on it.Prayerfully study the Book of Enoch, and what various scholars say concerning it, and make thedecision for yourself.There are many different reasons as to why the book of Enoch should not be put into theScriptures, or the canon.
1
 One reason is that there is more than one book being called the Book of Enoch. How do weknow which Book of Enoch is the correct book? What is the proof that one is better than theother?Charlesworth comments on the distinct nature of the books of Enoch.The Book of Enoch is now usually designated 1 Enoch, to distinguish it from the laterApocalypse,
The Secrets of Enoch
, known as 2 Enoch. The former is also called theEthiopic Enoch, the latter the Slavonic Enoch, after the languages of the earliest versionsextant of each respectively. No manuscript of the original language of either is known tobe in existence.
1
 
McDonald & Sanders, editors of 
The Canon Debate
, 2002,
The Notion and Definition of Canon
by Eugene Ulrich,page 29 defines
canon
as follows: "...the definitive list of inspired, authoritative books which constitute therecognized and accepted body of sacred scripture of a major religious group, that definitive list being the result of inclusive and exclusive decisions after serious deliberation."; page 34 defines
canon of scripture
as follows: "...thedefinitive, closed list of the books that constitute the authentic contents of scripture."McDonald & Sanders, page 32-33:
Closed list 
; page 30: "But it is necessary to keep in mind Bruce Metzger‘s
distinction between "a collection of authoritative books" and "an authoritative collection of books." "
 
According to Canon Charles, the various elements of which our book in its present formis made up belong to different dates. The following table will show the dates of thedifferent parts of the book. Canon Charles believes that these are approximately correct,without committing himself to the certainty of this in each case:CHAPTERSxii.-xxxvi.xclii.xci. 12-17"The Apocalypse of Weeks." The oldest pre-Maccabæanportions.vi.-xi.liv. 7-lv. 2lx.lxv.-lxix. 25cvi., cvii.Fragments of "The Book of Noah."Pre-Maccabæan at thelatest.lxxxiii.-xc. "The Dream-Visions," 165-161 B.C.lxxii.-lxxxii. "The Book of the HeavenlyLuminaries."Before 110 B.C.xxxvii.-lxxi.xci. 1-11, 18, 19-civ."The Parables," or "Similitudes." circa 105-64 B.C.i.-v. The latest portion, but pre-Christian.Chapter cv, which consists of only two verses, cannot be dated; while cviii. is in thenature of an appendix, probably added subsequently, to the whole work.While these dates may be regarded as approximately correct, it should be pointed out thatdifferences of opinion exist among scholars on the subject. Schürer holds, for example,that, with the exception of chapters xxxvii.-lxxi. (the "Parables," or "Similitudes"), theentire book belongs to the period 130-100 B.C.; the "Parables" he assigns to a time notearlier than Herod the Great. Beer thinks that the "Dream-Visions" (chapters lxxxiii.-xc.)belong to the time of John Hyrcanus (135-105 B.C.), and he includes under the pre-Maccabæan portions only xci. 12-17, xcii. xciii. 1-14; and holds that the rest of the book 
 
was written before 64 B.C. Dalman maintains that it cannot be proved that the importantsection xxxvii.-lxxi. (the "Similitudes") is "the product of the pre-Christian period,"though he fully recognizes its Jewish character. Burkitt regards the writer as "almostcontemporary" with the philosopher Posidonius (135-51 B.C.). There is thus somediversity of opinion as to the date of the book among leading authorities. That it is, as awhole, pre-Christian, may be regarded as definitely established. More difficult is thequestion whether any portions of it are pre-Maccabæan; Charles gives various reasons forhis belief that considerable parts are pre-Maccabæan; we are inclined to agree with him,though it may be questioned whether the last word on the subject has been spoken.
2
 The Apocalyptic Literature, as distinct from the Apocalyptic Movement owing to whichit took its rise, began to come into existence about the period 200-150 B.C.; at any rate,the earliest extant example of this Literature--the earliest portions of the Book of Enoch--belongs to this period. Works of an Apocalyptic character, continued to be written forabout three centuries; the Second (Fourth) Book of Esdras, one of the most remarkableApocalypses, belongs to the end of the first Christian century, approximately. There areApocalypses of later date, some of subordinate interest are of much later date; but the realperiod of the Apocalyptic Literature is from about 200 B.C. to about A.D. 100; itsbeginnings date, therefore, from a time prior to that great landmark in Jewish history, theMaccabæan Era.
3
 As the various parts of the book 
4
clearly belong to different dates, diversity of authorshipis what one is naturally led to expect; and of this there can, indeed, be no shadow of doubt. The author of the earliest portions was a Jew who lived, as Burkitt has shown, innorthern Palestine, in the land of Dan, south-west of the Hermon range, near theheadwaters of the Jordan. This is important, as it tends to show that the book, or books, isreally Palestinian, and one which, therefore, circulated among Jews in Palestine. "If,moreover, the author came from the north, that helps to explain the influence the book had upon the Religion that was cradled in Galilee."
5
Of the authors of the other threebooks of which "Enoch" is made up (viz. "The Dream-Visions," "The Book of theHeavenly Luminaries," and "The Similitudes") we know nothing save what can begathered from their writings as to their religious standpoint.
2
Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, Volume 1, James H. Charlesworth, Doubleday p.p. xiii- xv
3
Ibid, p. xiii
4
Ibid. p. xv Burkitt rightly insists that we should speak of the collection as the books, not the book, of Enoch. FromJewish and Christian Apocalypses: The Schweich Lectures 1913 (Paperback) by F.C. Burkitt
5
Burkitt, op. cit., 28-30.
 

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