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Fire Fighting System

Fire Fighting System

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Published by Caer Ahmad

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Published by: Caer Ahmad on Jul 21, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/01/2013

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Fire System
The fire systems in a building are many. There are equipment andsystems for monitoring, communication, fighting fire, indication,raising alarm, diverting smoke and many others. Generally they canbe classified into two categories:
y
 
F
ire Protection System
y
 
F
ire
F
ighting System
F
ire systems fall under the fire codes for buildings. As fire codesmay vary in different countries, no attempt is made to specify thefire codes. Instead, we will be examining the various components of a fire system in buildings.Sometimes, there is an overlap of functions - the systems maycontain elements of both fire protection and fire fighting.
Fire Protection System
 
F
ire protection systems are used to alert people that a small fire orsome overheating has occurred, and that there is a danger of firehappening soon. Smoke detectors, and heat detectors are used todetect such incidents before a big fire occurred. Persons detecting afire need to sound the alarm to get more assistance. The breakglass is the easiest way to sound the alarm. All the fire alarmpanels, sub-control panels, bells, break-glass, smoke detector, heatdetectors can be grouped into this area.
Fire Fighting System
 The fire fighting system will be used when a big fire has alreadystarted. There is a need to extinguish it. Sprinkler systems, andhose reel systems are some of the systems used for fire fighting.Wet risers are pipes which distribute large volumes of water tocanvas hoses.The fire fighting systems contain pumps, tanks, and their owndistribution piping. Motors or diesel engines drive the pumps. Hosereels and canvas hoses are terminated with nozzles for spray or jet.
 
Sprinkler systems have special glass bulbs and sprinkler rose.
F
lowswitches are installed to cause bells to ring when the sprinklersystems are activated. The systems can also contain gongsactivated by water flow.Automatic CO2 flooding system will discharge CO2 gas into electricalrooms to stop any fire.Portable fire extinguishers are installed at strategic locations so thatthey can be used to put out small fires.
F
ire intercom systems areused by fire fighters to communicate with fire control roompersonnel.
F
ire escape doors are indicated with Exit signs, and emergencylights are installed to give a bit of light if the main electrical supplyhas been cut off.
F
iremen who have to fight fires will face thedanger of electrocution if they use hoses and water. The firemanswitch can be switched off to avoid this problem.Smoke spill fans and exhaust fans are sometimes installed forcontrolling smoke in a burning building.In the following pages, we will examine the fire systems in moredetail.
 
MARINE
THE EXTERNAL FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEM (FI-FI SYSTEM)
The external fire fighting system (fi-fi system), is fully integrated with the vessel. Power source is veryoften the main engine to utilize the vacant power during station keeping and manoeuvring during firefighting operations. The power is transferred to the pumps via remote operated clutch and necessarytransmission.On ships with fixed propellers a dedicated diesel driver or electrical or hydraulic driver may be used toavoid impact from ships operation to the fi-fi system.The pumps are normally located in the engine room below water line for best possible performance viasuction line design. They deliver water to the discharge pipe going all the way up to the monitor on top of the bridge or similar good position.The water jet is created in the monitor outlet by pressing water at optimum speed trough the specialdesigned monitor nozzle.The reaction force must be compensated by the vessel propulsion and manoeuvring system for stationkeeping.The system may also include self-protection deluge system (Water Spray) with water taken from the fi-fipumps and / or various types of foam systems.It is important to have the complete system operation in mind during design process for optimumperformance at minimum power consumption and equipment cost.

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