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Neurotransmitters

Neurotransmitters

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Published by Kanishka

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Published by: Kanishka on Jul 21, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/11/2013

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Neurotransmitters
MLS 2010
Introduction
‡A chemical
released from a nerve cell
released from a nerve cell
transmits an impulse from a nerve cell
transmits an impulse from a nerve cell
to another nerve, muscle, organ, or other tissue.
nerve, muscle, organ, or other tissue.
‡
‡Acetylcholine
Acetylcholine- First neurotransmitter tobe discovered
in1921
1921by Otto Loewi
Otto Loewi,a German biologist who later wins the
Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine in 1936.
‡Today ove r100 NT
over100 NTs hasbeen identified and characterized
(Neuroscience, Purves 2009)
Types of NT
Introduction contd
A.
A. Structural classification
Structural classification
a.Small molecules- mono amines, catecholamine,amino acids,
purine derivatives and soluble gases(eg-NO).
b. large molecules- peptides.
B. Functional classification
B. Functional classification
a.Neurotransmitters vs. neuromodulators
b. Excitatoryvs.Inhibitory
c.Conventional vs. unconventional

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