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Rice Today Vol. 9, No. 3

Rice Today Vol. 9, No. 3

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Published by Rice Today
July-September 2010
Machines of progress
Cambodia adopts postharvest technologies
Water harvesting in Latin America
California deals with climate change
Africa's "Marshall Plan"
July-September 2010
Machines of progress
Cambodia adopts postharvest technologies
Water harvesting in Latin America
California deals with climate change
Africa's "Marshall Plan"

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Published by: Rice Today on Jul 21, 2010
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1
Rice Today
 
July-September 2010
 
US$5.00
ISSN 1655-5422
 www.irri.org
 
International Rice Research InstituteJuly-September 2010, Vol. 9, No. 3
Machines of progress
Cambodia adopts postharvest technologies
Water harvesting in Latin AmericaCalifornia deals with climate changeAfrica's "Marshall Plan"
 
2
Rice Today
 
July-September 2010
 
Superior Crop Protection Around The Globe 
 
5100 Poplar Avenue, Suite 2428 • Memphis,TN 38137 • 1-901-684-5394
www.ricecollc.com
Our focus is to help rice growers
RiceCo
 ® 
is the only company in the worldfocused solely on a single crop – rice,and has dedicated itself to building aninternational rice enterprise. This singularvision keeps RiceCo centered onbecoming the world’s premier developer,marketer and supplier of crop protectionproducts for rice and services to the riceindustry. We are committed to taking rice
“...from the paddy to the plate.” 
 
Our focus is to help rice growers
RiceCo
 ® 
is the only company in the worldfocused solely on a single crop – rice,and has dedicated itself to building aninternational rice enterprise. This singularvision keeps RiceCo centered onbecoming the world’s premier developer,marketer and supplier of crop protectionproducts for rice and services to the riceindustry. We are committed to taking rice
“...from the paddy to the plate.” 
 
contents
Vol. 9, No. 3
cover photo
Laie Rees
publisher
Jerem Zwiger
associate publisher
Dca Macitosh
managing editor
V. Sbramaia
editor
Mia Ares
associate editor
Laie Rees
contributing writers
Gee Hettel, Sophie Clato, Samared Mohat,Alaric Satiagel, Tria Leah Medoza
Arica editor
Savitri Mohapatra (AricaRice)
copy editor
Bill Hard
art director
Ja Lazaro IV
designer and production supervisor
Grat Leceta
photo editors
Chris Qitaa, Isagai Serrao
circulation
Lordes Colmbres
Web master
Darell Siso
printer
DHL Global Mail (Sigapore) Pte. Ltd.
Rice Today 
is published by The Rice Trader Inc. (TRT) in association with theInternational Rice Research Institute (IRRI). TRT, or 20 years, has brought subscribers crucial, up-to-the-minute inormationon rice trade through its weekly publication,
The Rice Trader.
Acknowledged asthe only source o condential inormation about the rice market, this weeklysummary o market data analysis has helped both the leading commercial ricecompanies and regional government ocials make inormed decisions, which arecritical in today’s market.IRRI is the world’s leading international rice research and training center. Basedin the Philippines and with oces in 13 other countries, IRRI is an autonomous,nonprot institution ocused on improving the well-being o present and uturegenerations o rice armers and consumers, particularly those with low incomes,while preserving natural resources. It is one o the 15 nonprot internationalresearch centers supported, in part, by members o the Consultative Group onInternational Agricultural Research (CGIAR – www.cgiar.org) and a range o otherunding agencies.Responsibility or this publication rests with TRT and IRRI. Designations usedin this publication should not be construed as expressing TRT or IRRI policy oropinion on the legal status o any country, territory, city, or area, or its authorities,or the delimitation o its rontiers or boundaries.
Rice Today 
welcomes comments and suggestions rom readers.
Rice Today 
 assumes no responsibility or loss o or damage to unsolicited submissions, whichshould be accompanied by sucient return postage. The opinions expressed by columnists in
Rice Today 
do not necessarily reectthe views o TRT or IRRI.
International Rice Research Institute 2010This magazine is copyrighted by the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and is licensed or use under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License(Unported). Unless otherwise noted, users are ree to copy, duplicate, or reproduce, and distribute, display, or transmit any o the articles or portions o the articles, and to make translations,adaptations, or other derivative works under the ollowing conditions. To view the ull text o this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/.
O the cover:
The combine harvester, an iconic image o arming inprogressive countries, is now a normal scene in Cambodia.Small combine harvesters were rst introduced but,since Cambodia has large rice elds, medium (2-metercutting width) and large (3-meter cutting width) combineharvesters have become more popular among Khmerarmers. Farmers have also adopted other postharvesttechnologies, which have improved rice quality andincreased harvest milling output, among other benets.To learn more, see pages 38–41.
Iteratioal Rice Research Istitte
DAPO Box 7777, Metro Manila, PhilippinesWeb (IRRI): www.irri.org; www.irri.org/ricetodayWeb (Library): http://ricelib.irri.cgiar.orgWeb (Rice Knowledge Bank): www.knowledgebank.irri.org
Rice Today 
editorialtelephone: (+63-2) 580-5600 or (+63-2) 844-3351 to 53, ext 2725; ax: (+63-2) 580-5699or (+63-2) 845-0606; email: mia.aureus@thericetrader.com, l.reyes@cgiar.org
The Rice Trader Ic.
2707 Notre Dame Blvd., Chico, CA 95928Web: www.thericetrader.com
EDITORIAL ................................................................4
Moving orward with technology
HIDDEn TREASuRE ..................................................5nEWS ......................................................................... 6PEOPLE ...................................................................... 8CALIFORnIA CLIMATE CHAnGE ...........................11
A marketing and research perspective concerningthe wet weather in Caliornia and its impact on riceproduction
BACK TO BASICS .....................................................12
Improving yield by controlling weeds
CATCHInG THE RAInS ............................................14
Central America transorms its rained arms toirrigated systems through water harvesting
SHIFT TO RICE?
....................................................16
Rising domestic demand or rice in Brazil, not tomention its lower cost o production, may soon seerice replace soybeans as the primary crop
PRESSuRE In THE SOuTH......................................17
Lower rice output in the Southern Common Market(MERCOSUR) o Latin America signals newchallenges to Brazil and its ellow rice-exportingcountries in the bloc
AFRICA SEEKS “MARSHALL PLAn” FOR CAPACITyBuILDInG ............................................................19
Arican states work together to unlock the region’spotential to increase rice production
WILD FOOD .............................................................22
Rice landscapes have ofered armers more than justrice; their wide array o wild ood plants has provento be an important source o livelihood
FOR THE WAnT OF RICE ........................................26
The 2007-08 ood crisis appears to have acceleratedthe acquisition by wealthy nations o large tracts o poorer countries’ land or ood production
IRRI@50 ...................................................................30
Hundreds join IRRI’s alumni homecomingCountry highlight: IRRI in Korea
PIOnEER InTERVIEWS ...........................................34
Thank you, Margaret Thatcher!
MACHInES OF PROGRESS .....................................38
Cambodian armers adopted IRRI’s postharvesttechnology package, which improved the qualityo their rice grains, increased their harvest’s millingoutput, and allowed them to save on labor, time,and money
MAPS .......................................................................42
Mapping rice areas in South Asia
RICE FACTS ..............................................................44
The 2008 rice crisis: Fluke or warning bell?
GRAIn OF TRuTH ...................................................46
Precision agriculture or small-scale armers

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