Paper - IFundamentals of Computers & Information Technology
UNIT-IIntroduction to Computer :
Introduction, Information Processing and the Electronic DigitalComputers, Information Technology, Uses of Computers, and Human Beings,Characteristics of a computer, Limitations of Computers, When to use a computer, Impact ofComputerisation.
Generations and Types of Computers :
Prehistoric and early calculating devices,Generations of Computers, Types of Computers.Micro Computer : The CPU and main memory, The Machine Cycle, Representing Data andprogram, Capacity of a computer, Binary Coding Systems, The system Unit, What a UPSShould do, The mother board, Micro processors, Random Access Memory (RAM), Readonly memory (ROM), Other Forms of Memory, New Dimensions in PC.
UNIT-IIInput / Output Device :
The System Concept, Hardware, Software, Input Devices, NewInput Devices, Output Devices, Multifunction Devices.
Storage Devices :
Data hierarchy and data capacity, Units of Measurement, Primary VsSecondary Storage, Floppy Disk, Hard Disk, CDROM, Tape Drive.
: What is Software?, Relationship between Hardware and software,Two Types of software, Basic software tools, Word Processing software, Spread sheetsoftware Data base management system software, Graphics software, CommunicationsSoftware Advanced Software tools, System Softwares, Some Popular operating Systems,Utilities Software/ Programs, Compilers.
UNIT-IIIComputer Number Sysyem and Arithmetic :
Data Representating in Computer, DifferentTypes of Data, Representing Number in the Decimal System, Binary Number System, Octaland Hexa Decimal Number, Binary Arithmetic, Advantages of these numbers, StandardCoding System.
Computer Language :
What is computer Language?, Characteristics of ProgrammingLanguage, Different types of programming languages, Machine Languages, Assemblylanguages, High Level Languages, Advantages of High Level Languages, Limitations ofHigh level Languages, Some popular High level Languages, 4 GLS, Fifth GenerationLanguages, Object Oriented and Visual Programming.
Computer Virus :
Types of Viruses, Beating the Viruses, Detection of Viruses, Preventionof Viruses, Viruses-fact and Fiction, Viruses and Networks, Non Dos Viruses.
UNIT-IVData Communications and Networks :
Communications, Two models of communications,Digital Convergence, Practical uses of communications, Telephone related communications,Computers and communications, New Technologies in modem, Communication protocols,