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In The Shade Of The Qur’an Volume 3 (Surah 4)

In The Shade Of The Qur’an Volume 3 (Surah 4)

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Published by Malik
Fi Dhilal Al Qur'an (In The Shade Of The Qur’an) is a commentary of the Qur'an, written during 1951-1965 by Sayyid Qutb (1906-1966), a leader within the Muslim Brotherhood. Most of the original 30 volumes (114 Surahs) were written (or re-written) while in prison.
Fi Dhilal Al Qur'an (In The Shade Of The Qur’an) is a commentary of the Qur'an, written during 1951-1965 by Sayyid Qutb (1906-1966), a leader within the Muslim Brotherhood. Most of the original 30 volumes (114 Surahs) were written (or re-written) while in prison.

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Published by: Malik on Jul 21, 2010
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05/12/2014

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 I
 
 II
Contents
Contents
............................................................................................................................................................... II
 
Transliteration Table
........................................................................................................................................ VI
 
Al-Nis
ā
’ .................................................................................................................................................................. 1
 
Prologue ............................................................................................................................................................. 1
 
1 Fair Inheritance for All
................................................................................................................................. 14
 
Overview ..................................................................................................................................................... 17
 
Mankind Begins with a Single Person ......................................................................................................... 18
 
When Orphans Come of Age ....................................................................................................................... 22
 
Conditions for Marrying an Orphan Girl ..................................................................................................... 24
 
Reasons for Permitting Polygamy ............................................................................................................... 26
 
Relationships with Slave Women ................................................................................................................ 31
 
Handing Property Over to Orphans ............................................................................................................. 34
 
Inheritance: A Fair System of Social Security ............................................................................................. 36
 
Protecting the Weak and Vulnerable ........................................................................................................... 38
 
Islamic Inheritance Ensures Justice for All ................................................................................................. 40
 
Inheritance of Parents and Children ............................................................................................................ 42
 
Inheritance of Husbands, Wives, Brothers and Sisters ................................................................................ 46
 
When God’s Laws Are Obeyed ................................................................................................................... 48
 
2 Perfect Social Morality
.................................................................................................................................. 52
 
Overview ..................................................................................................................................................... 55
 
First Step Towards Eradicating Immorality................................................................................................. 56
 
A Perfectly Moral Society ........................................................................................................................... 59
 
The Surest Way to Human Destruction ....................................................................................................... 60
 
Essence of True Repentance ........................................................................................................................ 62
 
A New Way to Treat Women ...................................................................................................................... 63
 
Marriage Conditions to Be Always Respected ............................................................................................ 66
 
Women Whom We Are Forbidden to Marry ............................................................................................... 68
 
The Crime of Advocating Free Sex ............................................................................................................. 74
 
Legitimate Relationships ............................................................................................................................. 76
 
Dowry as a Condition of Marriage .............................................................................................................. 78
 
Marriage with a Slave Woman .................................................................................................................... 81
 
When Temptation is Hard to Resist ............................................................................................................. 84
 
What God Desires for Human Beings ......................................................................................................... 87
 
Man’s Burden Made Light .......................................................................................................................... 89
 
3 Fairness in All Deals
..................................................................................................................................... 93
 
Overview ..................................................................................................................................................... 94
 
Which Transactions Are Lawful .................................................................................................................. 95
 
Conditions for Forgiveness .......................................................................................................................... 97
 
Honour for Both Men and Women ............................................................................................................ 100
 
Differences between the Sexes .................................................................................................................. 102
 
Inheritance for Relatives Only ................................................................................................................... 106
 
Regulation of Family Affairs ..................................................................................................................... 108
 
The Partner in Charge ................................................................................................................................ 110
 
In Recognition of Women’s Virtues .......................................................................................................... 112
 
When Family Life Is Endangered .............................................................................................................. 114
 
Last Resort to Save Troubled Marriages ................................................................................................... 117
 
4 Unfailing Kindness
..................................................................................................................................... 119
 
Overview ................................................................................................................................................... 120
 
 
 III
Kindness All Around ................................................................................................................................. 121
 
Unfavourable Contrast ............................................................................................................................... 124
 
An Unhappy Final Wish ............................................................................................................................ 126
 
One Step Towards Forbidding Drinking ................................................................................................... 127
 
Gradual Eradication of Evil Social Habits ................................................................................................. 129
 
Islamic Worship Made Easy ...................................................................................................................... 132
 
Purpose of Islamic Legislation .................................................................................................................. 134
 
5 Battle Resumed
............................................................................................................................................ 138
 
Overview ................................................................................................................................................... 140
 
Error Multiplied ......................................................................................................................................... 143
 
Distortion of God’s Words ........................................................................................................................ 144
 
A Warning Not to Be Ignored ................................................................................................................... 146
 
Fabricating Lies against God ..................................................................................................................... 150
 
Taking Pride in False Beliefs ..................................................................................................................... 152
 
The Nature of Envy ................................................................................................................................... 155
 
Two Contrasting Destinies ........................................................................................................................ 156
 
6 Sincerity and True Faith
............................................................................................................................. 158
 
Overview ................................................................................................................................................... 160
 
Trust and Justice ........................................................................................................................................ 163
 
An Accurate Standard for the Human Mind .............................................................................................. 165
 
Claims Belied by Action ........................................................................................................................... 168
 
Prophets Must Be Obeyed ......................................................................................................................... 171
 
A Law Made Easy ..................................................................................................................................... 173
 
The Reward of Obedience ......................................................................................................................... 176
 
7 Fighting for a Noble Purpose
...................................................................................................................... 178
 
Overview ................................................................................................................................................... 181
 
Taking Proper Precautions......................................................................................................................... 185
 
An Eye for Gain......................................................................................................................................... 186
 
A Good Price for Life ................................................................................................................................ 189
 
Taking up the Cause of the Oppressed ...................................................................................................... 190
 
Satan’s Feeble Cunning ............................................................................................................................. 191
 
Wrong Feeling, Wrong Timing ................................................................................................................. 192
 
A Very Strange Question ........................................................................................................................... 194
 
Possible Reasons for Restraint .................................................................................................................. 196
 
What Does Death Signify? ........................................................................................................................ 199
 
A Highly Prejudiced Attitude .................................................................................................................... 200
 
The Limits of the Prophet’s Role .............................................................................................................. 203
 
Contemplating the Qur’
ā
n ......................................................................................................................... 203
 
A Pointer to the Author of the Qur’
ā
n ....................................................................................................... 205
 
The Role of Human Understanding ........................................................................................................... 206
 
Proper Method of Deduction ..................................................................................................................... 208
 
The Limits of Responsibility ..................................................................................................................... 209
 
Different Deeds with Different Results ..................................................................................................... 210
 
8 Organising External Relations
................................................................................................................... 213
 
Overview ................................................................................................................................................... 215
 
Guiding Principles ..................................................................................................................................... 216
 
Dealing with Hypocrites ............................................................................................................................ 217
 
Qualifications for Alliance with Believers ................................................................................................ 220
 
Peace with Power ...................................................................................................................................... 222
 
Indemnity for Accidental Killing .............................................................................................................. 225
 
Punishment for Deliberate Killing ............................................................................................................. 227
 
9 Fighting for the Oppressed
.......................................................................................................................... 230
 
Overview ................................................................................................................................................... 232
 
What Elevates People in Rank ................................................................................................................... 234
 
The Philosophy of Jih
ā
d ............................................................................................................................ 236
 

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