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No Pension for Ex-Slaves - Prologue - Summer 2010

No Pension for Ex-Slaves - Prologue - Summer 2010

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Published by Prologue Magazine
Miranda Booker Perry recalls how the federal government actively, and successfully, sought to suppress the movement to gain federal pensions for former slaves in the late 1800s.

What's new in the past? You're about to find out with Prologue magazine, the quarterly publication of the National Archives.

For more on the stories in the National Archives visit: http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue
Miranda Booker Perry recalls how the federal government actively, and successfully, sought to suppress the movement to gain federal pensions for former slaves in the late 1800s.

What's new in the past? You're about to find out with Prologue magazine, the quarterly publication of the National Archives.

For more on the stories in the National Archives visit: http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue

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Published by: Prologue Magazine on Jul 21, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/25/2012

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NO PENSIONS FOR EX-SLAVES
How Federal Agencies Suppressed Movement to Aid Freedpeople
By Miranda Booker Perry
 
h unin victy in th Civi Wa hpd pav th way  th 13th amndmnt t may abish th pactic  savy in th unitd Stats. Bt win thi mancipatin, mst m savs had n nancia scs, ppty, sidnc,  dcatin—th kys t thi cnmic indpndnc.ets t hp thm achiv sm smbanc  cnmic dm, sch as with “40 acs and a m,” w stymid.Witht da and cmpnsatin— 

cmpnsatin—many x-savs w cd int shacppin, tnancy  amin, cnvict-asin,  sm m  mnia ab aanmnts aimd at kpin thm cnmicay sbsvint and tid t and wnd by m savhds.“T pvty which afictd thm  a natin at emancipatin hd thm dwn t th wst d  scity,nminay  bt cnmicay nsavd,” wt Cat g. Wdsn in
T M-d   
in th 1930s.In th at 19th cnty, th ida  psin pnsins  x-savs—simia t pnsins  unin vtans—tk hd.I disabd dy vtans w cmpnsatd  thi yas  svic din th Civi Wa, why shdn’t m savs wh had svd th cnty in th pcss  natin bidin b cmpnsatd  thi yas  cd, npaid ab? 
An MRB&PA broadside eatures both Isaiah Dickerson, the general manager, and Callie House, a national promoter and assistant secretary o theassociation, with the emblem o the United States in the center.
Background:
 Certifcate o Membership in the MRB&PA.
28
Prologue
Summer 2010
 
by 1899, “ 21    k - y d    vy,” -d   My F by. hd vm dd   mv d  k     y,  wd v   vy md- m    m.b  mvm     x-v d  , d  - m  m    m  xv  . i w  m  vm.
Land Allocation Efforts StymiedBy the Johnson Administration
i      v W d  m,  d vm (my R) d  v d md d  m  m -dd  m   d.T ,  my d v, x wy a am  m w . Fd Od . 15, d y g. Wm . m  Jy 1865,md 40   dd d -d d   , g,d  Fd (y   i-d d  d  d v-y d  d)  d.m  ddd   m  -m v w d  d.b   w d k y p-d adw J’ amy pm-  My 29, 1865. by     1865, d  d w -y vd m d  d  d-d  m   Fd Od. 15.  . 15 d y  Fd-m’ b  m 12, 1865, -d w J’ d d,vdd    d  mw. W  x   m m- w d  d , d w mvd m  d     pd J’  m.T Fdm’ b a d  -d y   M 1865  m v  m vy  -dm.      zd     m  40   -d  dd d  dd y w    m  y. a  d   m,   y d  m,  m   d d      d wd  v     d.b J’  y dd   d vd d y wd  ’    wy md q d.i J 1866   hmd a w d. i w dd  xvy v d d w  y    m  d mv    Jy 1, 1867.b md w m my d v. T  d -d y  (x m) wkd d  m w -d   wk  d d d,  ’   y,  d   y.  dmd  m  wd k  dm d y w y m    -  md. T  vvd - m, w dy  d  d, d wk   my   d. -y, d d  w -   d.Mv,  vdd  ,d, ,  y m  dd -  d, d m d-’  j vd   -  . M  md w-  w m m d m.O M 11, 1867, h k Td-d v  pyv dd  (h.R. 29)  d    -d d   “d    am.”     d xy d  d   dd m v:O   d  zd d -d,  v w v  d y     w d  md-m     w, w dd  d “d ”  4 dy  M, a.D. 1861 ,  v dd  m  -w my:   m  w  d   my, y ;  d m, w  d   m-y  , y ;   wdw w  d   my, y ;   dy m   m,    -   x  y  y -m zd . . . . a  d  y     d md  vyd  d w         dd.v kw   d d d-  d  , d wd    wm  m vd
Senator Thaddeus Stevens, a
 
powerul RadicalRepublican leader, was a staunch advocate oremancipation and championed civil and equalrights or blacks.
Prologue
29No Pensions or Ex-Slaves
 
 y  m. i    , d, “Wd m m   d v m d   m    vd, [d y w m] vm   d  dy   wm y d  q.R, d  1868 m,v md 40  d  m  d-. My d v md   d  d. a -  dd d  y d  w md  vd -m  d y  x-v, d w  w  mj ,  w y  vm  y m vd  . 
Ex-Slave Pension MovementBegins as the Century Ends
by   dd   19 y, d  y    m     x-v  y  d  w   .T   x-v  wmdd   v W– m my v , d   x-v   (h.R. 11119) w -dd y R. Wm   -k  1890.i w dd   q  WR. V  Om,  w Dmd x-my   b, iw. hdd  v  ,  q ,d  dd      -d  “ -x  .” Vzd   wd -y  m v d wd dd  m  j   y  d . b  m  kd vvd x-v d      d  v  dvd my   .T   x-v  d m-mm   1890 d d  y 20 y. T  mvm w md y  m v, my mm, d d. i mdd  d  am  ,y 1877   y 20 y.R  y m  w   d w  .. m ’1896
Pssy 
v.
Fsn
d, w -d   d  “ q” d. ly d   w  -m , w v  d   k w vy x.T  , k m w d-d d d  v  j.T  mvm fd   , v  ,  .T w  m  x-v z w  mvm— x-v p  a-   d  (V’ Jpy);  x-v p’ amy; g  x-v : -, lv d p a-   ..a.;  x-v p a;  x v Dm i-d a  am; d -—    y  dm-       x-v M R, by d p a   d   am- (MRb&pa). T x-v  -z dd  wk  v-y,    vd      w   z w -d  j  d d .T MRb&pa w d  a7, 1897, d d  d m:         wd  m  x-v, -y dy x-v, d  vdm d d  x.T  d mm  d   dy y , -/ x, d v x-    . My d wvd  m d  ( d k,  dd, d   x).x-v d   v  m -     mvm y vd   z’ m.Dd d m zd d    d d m mz  m.by   1890,  MRb&pa w  -m x-v  z, m mm   dd  d. idd  v    w-,  MRb&pa w y zd. T  d  , dd  d y-w, d  v-, md  xv d, d  my    d Mdw, -d m  d d, dvd  d dd, d dv-d y  .T z d  d ym  d       d  vy x-v m 1899 wd. x-v 70 y dd   m  dm w  -v   ym  $500 d $15 m      v;  d60–69 y d wd v $300 d $12 m;  d 50–59 y d wdv $100 d $8  m; d  -d 50 wd v  $4  m . i my vd  w  vy d      mv,  k- w   md.O  d d   
Walter R. Vaughan requested the frst ex-slavepension bill and established the frst ex-slavepension organization.
30
Prologue
Summer 2010

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