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The Importance of Sulook and Tasawwuf in Islam - Sheikh Madani

The Importance of Sulook and Tasawwuf in Islam - Sheikh Madani

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Published by: Mujahid Asaadullah Abdullah on Jul 21, 2010
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THE IMPORTANCE OF SULOOK AND TASAWWUF IN ISLAMBY SHAYKHUL ISLAM HAZRAT MAULANA SAYYED HUSSAIN AHMEDMADANI (rahimahullah)“Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem”In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.“Fas Aloo Ahladh Dhikri In Kuntum Laa T’alamoona”So ask the people of the message if you do not know. (al-Nahl, verse 43)The Importance of Sulook and Tasawwuf in Islam(An English rendering of an Urdu speech on Bay’ah and Tasawwuf in Islam, in the lightof the Qur’an and Sunnah. The speech was delivered in Madras, India by Shaykhul IslamHazrat Maulana Sayyed Hussain Ahmed Madani (rahimahullah), formerly ShaykhulHadith, Darul Uloom Deoband, India)With a foreword by Sufi Muhammad Iqbal (hafizahullah), Khalifa e Majaz of Qutub ulAqtaab Shaykhul Hadith Hazrat Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Khandhalwi(rahimahullah)FOREWORDIt was just one month before the death of Hazrat Shaykhul Hadith, Maulana MuhammadZakariyya (rahimahullah), when the Shaykh had recovered from illness and had resumedvisits to Haram Sharif, the Prophet’s (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) Mosque at MadinatulMunawwarah, that one evening, in the beginning of Rajab, 1402 A.H., after MaghribPrayers, the tape recorded speech in Urdu of Hazrat Shaykhul Islam Maulana SayyidHussain Ahmed Madani (rahimahullah) on Bay’ah, was played back to him (HazratShaykhul Hadith) in a select gathering of his Khuddam (disciples). Hazrat Shaykh(rahimahullah) liked the speech very much and finding it of great value asked me to get it printed.From the recorded tape I wrote down the speech on paper in only a couple of days andDr. Muhammad Aslam (hafizahullah) assisted me in doing so. That done, I sent the scriptalong with the cassette to Hafiz Saghir Ahmed (hafizahullah), a Khalifa of Hazrat Shaykh(rahimahullah) who lives in Lahore, Pakistan asking him to hand them over to MaulanaAbdul Ghani (hafizahullah), with the request to compare the written speech with therecord on tape. I considered him to be the best person to do it, as he had the honour to be
with Hazrat Madani (rahimahullah) since his boyhood days and was well conversant withthe distinctive features of Hazrat Madani’s (rahimahullah) voice, intonation and accent.Maulana Abdul Ghani (hafizahullah) checked the script twice, first with the tape I hadsent him, then with another tape of the same speech that he had with him.However, it could not be printed in the lifetime of Hazrat Shaykhul Hadith(rahimahullah). The first Urdu edition “Bayat Ki Shari Haisiyat” was published in August1983 from Lahore. Then its Arabic translation “Ahmiyat us Suluk wat Tasawwuf filIslam” followed.In September last year I asked Professor Jalil Ahmed (hafizahullah), a disciple of mine, totranslate the speech into English. He began to translate it immediately but did it in fitsand starts. In November, he could not make any progress as he went down with a highfever. One night he saw Hazrat Shaykhul Islam (rahimahullah) in a dream, who gave Jalilsyrup to drink and told him to inform me that I should write his biographical sketch on asingle sheet of paper and add it to the speech that was being translated in English. Jalil ina letter related his dream to me, adding that his fever went down that very day.Earlier, while the speech was being translated in Arabic, I myself had thought of adding anote on the life of Hazrat Shaykhul Islam (rahimahullah), and with that purpose in mindhad copied a few pages on his life out of Nuzhatul Khawatir. But for the Englishtranslation, as I had been instructed to limit the sketch to only one leaf, I kept strictly tothe limit as further I thought that instead of a detailed biographical account, only a fewevents from the lives of Awliya e Ummat, together with a few of their utterances, weresufficient by way of guidance for the Urdu and English speaking Muslims.But for a few re-arrangements in the sequence, the English translation is almost literaland is very close to the original text. Technical terms and phrases (in Arabic, Persian, andUrdu) that a Muslim should know and understand have not been translated, but have beenarranged in a glossary at the end of the pamphlet. Efforts have also been made totransliterate Arabic words into English letters.I hope, inshallah, that the pamphlet will be of great value and interest for the English-speaking people.Muhammad IqbalMadinatul MunawwarahApril 1984.Life Sketch of Shaykhul Islam Hazrat Maulana Sayyid Hussain Ahmed Madani(rahimahullah)
Born in 1296 A.H. and died in 1377 A.H. Hazrat Shaykhul Hadith Maulana MuhammadZakariyya (rahimahullah), in his book “Al I’tedal fi Maratib ir Rijal”, writes: -“Amirul Hind Hazrat Madani (rahimahullah) completed his education in Islamic theologyin 1314 A.H. Thereafter he spent the whole period of his life in teaching, in spiritualattainments and imprisonment in India and abroad”.In his struggle against the British masters, he was sent to prison more than once. In thefamous Karachi trial he was sentenced to two years rigorous imprisonment. In this case,the court at first recorded the statement of a most famous and sincere leader of theMuslims, Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar (rahimahullah), in which he said, “I havesupported a person whom I am proud to call my master and my elder and he is MaulanaSayyid Hussain Ahmed Madani (rahimahullah)”. Then the long statement of HazratShaykhul Islam (rahimahullah) was recorded in which he said, “I will be the first to laydown my life for the cause of Islam”. When he uttered these words, Maulana MuhammadAli Jauhar (rahimahullah) came forward and kissed his feet. Away from India, HazratShaykhul Islam (rahimahullah) spent three years in exile in a prison on Malta Island, withHazrat Shaykhul Hind Maulana Mahmudul Hasan (rahimahullah).Hazrat Shaykhul Hadith (rahimahullah) writes at some other place, “During the initialstages of teaching in Madinatul Munawwarah, Hazrat Madani (rahimahullah) led a veryhard life. For many years during certain periods, he taught twelve to thirteen lessons in aday and had hardly two or three hours sleep in the twenty four hours, the only free timewhen he was not teaching or studying”.All these lessons he taught were in Hadith, Tafseer, and Fiqh. He also wrote Fatwa in thenights. All this work was done just in the cause of Allah without any remuneration. Thushe taught for thirteen long years under the shadow of the Green Dome.Hazrat Shaykhul Hadith (rahimahullah) continues, “This much about ‘Uloom. In Sulook he had the fathomless sea if ‘Ishq and Ma’rifah (gnosis) in the pious and noble companyof Shaykhul ‘Arab wal ‘Ajam Hazrat Haji Imdadullah (rahimahullah) and for long heremembered the name of Allah in loud voice, in the blessed seclusion of Masjid ul Ijabahin the holy city of Madinah”. In those days forests surrounded the Masjid, but now itforms the suburbs of Madinah Sharif. “Then he perfected Sulook under the guidance of Qutubul Irshad Hazrat Gangohi (rahimahullah)”.In his twenty-second year, two years after the Bay’ah, Hazrat Gangohi (rahimahullah)called him from Madinatul Munawwarah and conferred Khilafah on him and himself putthe Dastar e Khilafat on his head. It should also be kept in mind that of all the illustriouselders, Hazrat Gangohi (rahimahullah) had a higher standard for, and used more care andcaution in, conferring Khilafah and Ijaazah on his disciples.Hazrat Maulana ‘Ashiq Ilahi (rahimahullah) in Tadhkiratur Rashid writes, “By the graceof Allah Maulana Hussain Ahmed Madani (rahimahullah), also known as ShaykulHaram, won great fame for his teaching in Haram un Nabwi and Allah has given him

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