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Four Wheel Steering report

Four Wheel Steering report

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Published by vijayan m g

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: vijayan m g on Jul 22, 2010
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04/09/2013

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FOUR WHEEL STEERING SYSTEM
Vijayan.m.g
1
Shahroz Alam .
21
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vinayaka mission’s Engineeringcollege, Salem,email:vijayanmg1988@rediffmail.com
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vinayaka mission’s Engineeringcollege, Salem,,email:alalshahroz1@gmail.com
ABSTRACT
The four wheel steering control with rear wheel drive is a new concept which can beimplemented in four wheeler vehicles. Four-wheel steering is a system can employed insome vehicles to improve steering response, increase vehicle stability while moving atcertain speed, or to decrease turning radius at low speed.In four-wheel steering systems, the rear wheels are control by a gear arrangement.This allows the vehicle to turn in a significantly smaller radius sometimes critical for largetrucks or tractors and vehicles with trailers.
 
INTRODUCTION
Four-wheel steering, 4WS, also called rear-wheel steering or all-wheelsteering, provides a means to actively steer the rear wheels during turning maneuvers. Itshould not be confused with four-wheel drive in which all four wheels of a vehicle are powered. It improves handling and helps the vehicle make tighter turns.Production-built cars tend to understeer or, in few instances, oversteer. If a car could automatically compensate for an understeer/oversteer problem, the driver would enjoy
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nearly neutral steering under varying conditions. 4WS is a serious effort on the part of automotive design engineers to provide near-neutral steering. The front wheels do most of the steering. Rear wheel turning is generally limited tohalf during an opposite direction turn. When both the front and rear wheels steer toward thesame direction, they are said to be in-phase and this produces a kind of sideways movementof the car at low speeds. When the front and rear wheels are steered in opposite direction,this is called anti-phase, counter-phase or opposite-phase and it produces a sharper, tighter turn.
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OVERVIEW
 To reduce turning radiusUse of 4-wheel steering system.2:1 front to rear wheel angle ratio.Considerations:
Driver performance and comfort.
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