Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
13Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Anatomy and Physiology-A Review

Anatomy and Physiology-A Review

Ratings:

4.0

(1)
|Views: 831 |Likes:
Published by java_biscocho1229
a review notes in anatomy and phsiology
a review notes in anatomy and phsiology

More info:

Published by: java_biscocho1229 on Jul 22, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

04/10/2014

pdf

text

original

 
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY(REVIEW OF CONCEPTS)
OUTLINE
I.General concepts of Anatomy and Physiology
II.
Skeletal System9III.Muscular SystemIV.Integumentary SystemV.Nervous SystemVI.Circulatory SystemVII.Respiratory SystemVIII.Digestive SystemIX.Endocrine SystemX.Urinary SystemXI.Reproductive System
GENERAL CONCEPTS
Anatomy
- structures, parts
Physiology
- functionsConstituents/Components of a living matter 1.water- fluid medium of a protoplasm (jelly substance in cell tissue)2.electrolytes- maintain the osmotic conditions, acid-base balance3.protein (CHON)- framework of protoplasm4.carbohydrates (CHO)- general source of energy; major source of energy
insulin (beta cells)- binds with protein receptors
brain- only part of the body that doesn’t need insulin; need glucose5.lipids- together with protein, they form the cell membrane- guards the cell against outside environment
Cell
- basic unit of an organism/living matter 
Nucleus - controls the biochemical reactions and cell production
Nucleolus - pacemaker of the cell
Endoplasmic reticulum - where cellular secretion passes through- synthesizes peroxisomes
Ribosome - CHON synthesis
Mitochondria - synthesize ATP-powerhouse of the cell
Lysosomes - phagocytosis
Golgi Apparatus - accumulation and concentration of secretory products-synthesize lysosomes
Cell Membrane - made up of two layer of lipids
Chromosomes - DNA=genes
 
Centerioles - cell divisionCell Division1.Mitosis- replicates their own kind (cell division)2.Meiosis- reproductive cellsTransport Mechanism1. Diffusion- spreading out of molecules from areas of higher concentration to areas of lower concentration-“Downhill” phenomenon
Simple- no carrier needed (passive)
Facilitated- with a carrier 2. Osmosis- movement of solvent from areas of higher to lower concentration
THE SKELETAL SYSTEM
-it provides a strong, internal framework that supports the body, make up about 20% of itsweight and consists of 206 bones
Bones
Osteology
- scientific study of performedFunctions of Bones1.protect delicate organs2.encloses the bone marrow (productions of RBCs)
 
3.levers where body movements are performedStructure of BonesA. Macroscopic/Gross-Compact/Hard-SpongyB. Microscopic-Organic substances (collagen) - resilience of bone-Inorganic substances (calcium and phosphate) - hardness
Haversian Canal- where blood vessels are found
Lacunae- osteocytes
Lamellae- surrounding the canalCells in the bone
Osteocytes- living cell of bones
Osteoclasts- resorption
Osteoblasts- deposition
Normal: osteoblasts=osteoclasts

Activity (13)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Venkata Lakshmi liked this
jege80 liked this
Kaci Billings liked this
Bheru Lal liked this
wakemeup143 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->