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Geology Presentation

Geology Presentation



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Published by Sneetsher Crispy
Small resume of geology.
Small resume of geology.

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Published by: Sneetsher Crispy on Jun 18, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Houideg Athmane Geol
Have you tried to guess the Earth’s age?This world is far older than you can gage. Try, if you tocount to four billion, then add an other six hundredmillion. Earth is older than you can see any river,mountain, valley, or tree.
Mother Earth is
 four thousand, six hundred million years old(4,600 million = 4.6 billion),
give or take a few hundred million years.It is older than anything you can see around you.The age of Earth is so long compared to all periods of time that we humansare familiar with, it has been given a special name:
Geologic time
.The age of Earth is as vast in time as the universe is vast in space. It is noteasy to really get a "feel" for 4,600 million years! One way to try to get a "feel"for how big it is, is to break the number down into smaller pieces that perhapswe can understand. Just for fun you might try the activity, "What is a Million?"Then try to think about 4,600 million!
Houideg Athmane Geol
    T    h  e    S   t   a    i   r   w   a   y   o    f     T    i   m  e
The odd namesof the differenttime periods onthe Staircase of Time were madeup by geologists,who were the firstpeople reallyinterested infinding out theactual age of theEarth. Most of the names haveto do with placeswhere certaintypes of fossilswere found.
Here we use another comparison to help show the span of time since the formationof Earth:
Houideg Athmane Geol
How Old is That Rock?
How can you tell the age of a rock or to which geologic time period itbelongs? One way is to look at any fossils the rock may contain. If any of the fossils are unique to one of the geologic time periods, then the rock wasformed during that particular time period. Another way is to use the "What'son top?" rule. When you find layers of rocks in a cliff or hillside, younger rocks are on top of older rocks.But these two methods only give the relative age of rocks which are younger and which are older. How do we find out how old a rock is in years? Or howdo we know how long ago a particular group of fossilized creatures lived?The age of a rock in years is called its absolute age. Geologists findabsolute ages by measuring the amount of certainradioactive elementsinthe rock. When rocks are formed, small amounts of radioactive elementsusually get included. As time passes, the "parent" radioactive elements change at a regular rate intonon-radioactive"daughter " elements. Thus, the older a rock is, the larger the number of daughter elements and the smaller the number of parent elements are found in therock.

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