communicate his veto of any bill to the House where it originated within thirty days after the dateof receipt thereof, otherwise, it shall become a law as if he had signed it.”
In plain and simpleterms, the President’s disagreement with legislative measures merely serves as a point of information, and the legislature, if brazen enough, can still choose to pass laws which neither theexecutive nor the judicial branches of government has the power to protest, so long as it does notviolate the fundamental law nor encroaches on the functions of the other co-equal branches of governmentIn contrast, a parliamentary system, by unifying the functions of the executive and thelegislative in one collegial body, ensures that bills passed as laws have the concurrence of theimplementing body who will be tasked with implementing it. As pointed out by Prof. Jose Abueva,in a position paper in favor of parliamentary federalism, “
The Parliamentary System will helpensure the coordinated and effective exercise of legislative and executive powers that are fused or united in the Parliament. The formulation and implementation of the Government’s policies and programs will be undertaken by the ruling political party or coalition of political parties in theParliament. There is collective responsibility and accountability for governance.”
Restated, itmeans that there is greater dynamism and synergy between the executive and the legislativebranches, resulting to timely legislative and executive interventions to resolve pressing problemsof the country.In a presidential form of government, the only legal means of removing an incumbentpresident is through the unwieldy, time-consuming, and often procedurally-charged impeachmentproceedings. This inflexibility of the chief executive’s position often means an incompetentPresident can continue and “wait out” the completion of his or her term, and often without anysignificant accomplishments for further growth and development of the country.
As shown in thePhilippine experience, mass dissatisfaction with the incumbent President that is not resolved viaconstitutional means are resolved by taking to the streets, or
, as it is commonlyknown.
Sec. 27, Art. VI, 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines. Emphasis supplied by author.
Abueva, Jose, quoting from Alfred Stepan and Cindy Skatch.
Some Advantages of Federalism and Parliamentary Government for the Philippines.
Position Paper of the Citizens’ Movement for a FederalPhilippines. June 29, 2005.
Parreno, Earl G.
The Shift to Parliamentary System: Changing the terrain for PO/NGO Intervention.