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Handbook of Cooperatives

Handbook of Cooperatives

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Published by gnostication
An entry level, slightly dated description of some cooperative business basics.
An entry level, slightly dated description of some cooperative business basics.

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Categories:Types, Business/Law
Published by: gnostication on Jul 22, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/27/2013

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Handbook on Cooperatives for use byWorkers’ Organizations
Guy Tchami
Cooperative Programme
 
International Labour Office Geneva
 
 Copyright © International Labour Organization 2007Publications of the International Labour Office enjoy copyright under Protocol 2 of theUniversal Copyright Convention. Nevertheless, short excerpts from them may be reproducedwithout authorization, on condition that the source is indicated. For rights of reproduction ortranslation, application should be made to the ILO Publications (Rights and Permissions),International Labour Office, CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland, or by email:pubdroit@ilo.org. The International Labour Office welcomes such applications.Libraries, institutions and other users registered in the United Kingdom with the CopyrightLicensing Agency, 90 Tottenham Court Road, London W1T 4LP [Fax: (+44) (0)20 76315500; email: cla@cla.co.uk], in the United States with the Copyright Clearance Center, 222Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923 [Fax: (+1) (978) 750 4470; email:info@copyright.com] or in other countries with associated Reproduction RightsOrganizations, may make photocopies in accordance with the licences issued to them for thispurpose.ILO / Guy Tchami
 Handbook on cooperatives for use of Workers’ Organizations
(Geneva), International Labour Office, (2007)Translated in English by Joan S. MacdonaldISBN 978-92-2-115655-0Also available in French :
 Manuel sur les coopératives à l’usage des organisation detravailleurs
, (ISBN 92-2-215655-2) Geneva, (2006)The designations employed in ILO publications, which are in conformity with United Nationspractice, and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinionwhatsoever on the part of the International Labour Office concerning the legal status of anycountry, area or territory or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers.The responsibility for opinions expressed in signed articles, studies and other contributionsrests solely with their authors, and publication does not constitute an endorsement by theInternational Labour Office of the opinions expressed in them.Reference to names of firms and commercial products and processes does not imply theirendorsement by the International Labour Office, and any failure to mention a particular firm,commercial product or process is not a sign of disapproval.ILO publications can be obtained through major booksellers or ILO local offices in manycountries, or direct from ILO Publications, International Labour Office, CH-1211 Geneva 22,Switzerland. Catalogues or lists of new publications are available free of charge from theabove address, or by email: pubvente@ilo.orgVisit our website: www.ilo.org/publns
 
 
iii
Foreword
At the dawn of the 21st century, cooperatives are arousing renewed interestwithin the international community. Just as in the 19th century, the world isundergoing economic changes which all too often cause negative socialconsequences such as an increase in poverty, social exclusion, exploitation of women and children, etc., affecting a large section of humanity. Thecooperative system, which has proved its ability to deal with such situationsthanks to the pooling of resources of the people involved to create businessesbased on economic, ethical and moral principles, is once more becomingincontrovertible.
 
This handbook lists the essential things to know about cooperatives for allthose who are interested as members, future members, politicians or staff of national or international institutions in charge of the promotion anddevelopment of cooperatives. In simple, understandable language, thehandbook deals in turn with the characteristic features of cooperatives,cooperative enterprise as a whole, the promotion of cooperatives and theclose ties that exist between the ILO and cooperatives.
 
After the definition of what is a cooperative in the first chapter, the next fourchapters lead the reader on to discover the distinctive features that distinguishit from other classic public or private enterprises. Chapter six, seven andeight, which deal respectively with cooperative entrepreneurship, theprocedure for creating a cooperative business and education, training andcooperative information, show that a cooperative is nevertheless a businesswhich does not escape entrepreneurial rigour. Setting one up demands afeasibility study leading to a business plan, a requirement which is becomingunavoidable for any business existing in a competitive world. But, to showthe special way it serves its members who are at the same time co-ownersand users (customers, suppliers or employees), chapter eight develops theimportance of education, training and cooperative information for the benefitof its members, its staff and the general public.Chapters nine, ten and eleven cover respectively the role of workers’organizations in cooperative promotion, the role of the State and cooperativepromotion, regional control, and are devoted to the efforts made at differentlevels to promote cooperatives. Workers’ organizations are insofar in poleposition as they are the first to be concerned with unemployment affectingtheir members. The State, with its responsibility for maintenance of peaceand security for the nation, finds in the cooperative a way of seekingsolutions to the job and income creation problems that are so necessary forsocial justice.

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