Content-based, Task-based, and Participatory Approaches
This provides an opportunity for the students that they do not have to spend their time onlearning the academic course and the target language distinctively. Especially in this methodthe target language should be given as related to the subject. The academic classes can betaught by a native speaker or non-native speaker. Teacher helps the students to develop boththeir language proficiency and the content proficiency.There is one more aprroach related to the content-based instruction: the Whole LanguageApproach. The approach suggests that the target language should be taught all in one ,not in pieces.It propeses coordination of the skills. The language skills should be gained through awhole text. The text the teacher chooses should contain the language skills so that the studentscan develop their language skills as a whole. This appoach supports one another approach
the Language Experience Approach
. This approach is based on the learner¶s experincesLearners can be higly motivated to learning the target language by this way. The content isrelated to their own experinces and attracts their interest. They will enjoy using the targetlanguage to tell their experinces. It is believed that the most effective way of learning iswriting and the acceptable writing techniques are process writing and journal keeping. In process writing, students interact with each other and the teacher, they can make brainstorming and they are given to a feedback by the teacher during the writing process.This is named as ³process-oriented
avtivity. This will be helpful for the students to identifytheir missings or errors and correct them. If the students have no chance to choice a topic ontheir own, they have problems on writing process. The teacher doesn¶t involve in the processin any way. This is ³product-oriented
activity and is not a useful way of learning.All of these models can be effective in learning the target language. But the third model is themost constructive one in terms of learning the target language and academic subjects.
Before defining the instruction in detail, it should be clarified what the task means. A task is³a specific activity to perform an assigned piece of work, often finished within a certaintime.
. The method is a learner-based instruction.The instruction focuses on a work which students are expected to fulfill by using the targetlanguage. It is believed that task is more related to doing something with a language. Becausetask needs so many language skills and items to be completed.