a container, support, or course in or on which something is carried or conducted,as a mechanical part or device or a water conduit
a place where something is kept in store: as
an artificial lake where water is collectedand kept in quantity for use
A coming together or touching, as of objects or surfaces.
The state or condition of touching or of immediate proximity:
Healthy people live in harmony with most microorganisms that establish themselves on (colonize)the body. The microorganisms that usually occupy a particular body site are called the residentflora. Microorganisms that colonize people for hours to weeks but do not establish themselvespermanently are called transient flora.
Microorganisms that colonize the host for hours to weeks but do not establish themselvespermanently are called transient flora
, seespelling differences) refers to any process that effectively killsor eliminates transmissible agents (such asfungi,bacteria, viruses, spore forms, etc.) from a
surface, equipment, article of food or medication, or biological culture medium.
Sterilizationdoes not, however, remove prions.
are substances that are applied to non-living objects todestroy microorganisms that are living on the objects.
Disinfection does not necessarily kill allmicroorganisms, especially not resistantbacterial spores; it is less effective than
,which is an extreme physical and / or chemical process that kills all types of life.
is a substance which inhibits the growth and development of microorganisms. Forpractical purposes, antiseptics are routinely thought of as topical agents, for application toskin, mucous membranes, and inanimate objects, although a formal definition includes agentswhich are used internally, such as the urinary tract antiseptics.
antibiotics inhibit growth and reproduction of bacteria without killing them; killing isdone by bactericidalagents. Bacteriostatic agents must work with the immune system to remove
the microorganisms from the body.
Refers to a substance (or a condition) capable of killing bacteria.
Transmittable between persons or species; contagious: