The result is thus a photographic plate creating two images simultaneously. The imagethus formed is a hologram. The hologram is made up of the interference patternbetween the two original images and hence it is a three-dimensional image.
Characteristics of a Hologram
olograms have unique characteristics. These are discussed below:
The light from a reconstructed image from a hologram reaching to the observer'seye is the same as that would come from the original object. One can see in theholographic image the depth, parallax and different perspectives available in theactual object scene. As a matter of
The hologram of a diffuse object can be reconstructed by a small portion of thehologram. If a hologram breaks into pieces, each piece can reproduce the entireimage.
owever, as the hologram size reduces, a loss of image perspective,resolution and brightness result in the constructed image.
A contact print of a hologram will reconstruct a positive image indistinguishablefrom the image produced by the original.
Two images, usually a real (pseudoscopic) and a virtual (orthoscopic) can bereconstructed from a hologram.
A cylindrical hologram provides a 360 deg view of the object.
ore than one independent scenes can be stored in the same photographic platewhich can be viewed one at a time, without any cross-talk.
TYPES OF HOLOGRAMS
There are two basic types of holograms:
Transmission holograms are clear film windows whichtransmit the viewing light. Transmission holograms are usually recorded on film, whichwe laminate to Plexiglas. The resulting hologram is a clear window onto a holographicworld which contains maximum depth, projection and parallax.
owever, theholographic imagery is only on a horizontal plane. Viewed vertically, or up and down,the holograms travel through a colorful rainbow smear, or spectral shift in color.
ence,transmission holograms are often called "Rainbow
Reflection holograms are high contrast with darkbackgrounds which reflect the viewing light Reflection holograms contain full parallax,with up to a foot of depth and projection on both horizontal and vertical planes.Reflection holograms· sharp, high-contrasting imagery usually play back in a singlecolor. Through photochemical techniques and double exposures, incredible colors canbe obtained. Reflection holograms use front lighting.