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ELECTROCHEMISTRY

ELECTROCHEMISTRY

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Published by ISLAM I. Fekry
Cairo University / Faculty of Engineering / Credit-Hour Program / Wide Courses
Cairo University / Faculty of Engineering / Credit-Hour Program / Wide Courses

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Published by: ISLAM I. Fekry on Jul 23, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/05/2014

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Faculty-Wide Courses 2009-2010ELECTROCHEMISTRY 
Eng. ISLAM IBRAHIM FEKRY Page 1
Mob. 0109790568Mail. IS-FE@HOTMAIL.COM
 
 SHEET 3
1
- Consider a
 galvanic cell 
based on the reaction Al 
+++
(aq) + Mg(s)
Al(s) + Mg
++
(aq)
v37.2- v66.1-
 Mg Mg Al Al
 E  E 
 Give the balanced cell reaction and calculate E° for the cell.
Since a
galvanic cell
, so that  have to be+vevalue 1-Half reactionsA-OxidationMg
++
(aq) + 2 e
-
Mg(s)
v37.2-
 Mg Mg
 E 
 Mg(s)
Mg
++
(aq) +2 e
- 
v37.2
 Mg Mg
 E 
 B-ReductionAl
+++
(aq) +3 e
- 
Al(s)
v66.1-
 Al Al
 E 
 2-Balance the equation3Mg(s)
3Mg
++
(aq) + 6 e
-
v37.2
 Mg Mg
 E 
 2Al
+++
(aq) + 6 e
-
2Al(s)
v66.1-
 Al Al
 E 
 3-Net equation3Mg(s) +2Al
+++
(aq)
3Mg
++
(aq)+2Al(s)4- Ecell = E(Cathod, Reduction) - E (Anode, Oxidation)E° = (-1.66)
(-2.37) = 0.71 vEcell = E(Cathod, Reduction) + E (Anode, Oxidation)E° = (-1.66) + (2.37) = 0.71 v 
 
Faculty-Wide Courses 2009-2010ELECTROCHEMISTRY 
Eng. ISLAM IBRAHIM FEKRY Page 2
Mob. 0109790568Mail. IS-FE@HOTMAIL.COM
 
2
-Describe completely the following
 galvanic cell 
based on the followinghalf reactions.Cl 
 2
+ 2e
-
 
2 Cl 
-
E°=1.36 v Br 
 2
+ 2e
-
 
2 Br 
-
E°= 1.09 v 
Since a
galvanic cell
, so that  have to be+vevalue Note: 
As he didn’t give me the final “net” reaction so,
I will make assumption which of 
the two reaction is will be oxidation “Anode” and which will be reduction “Cathode”,
 on my assumption, I will take care that the net value of thehave to be+vevalue I will assume that the reaction have aE° highest valueis thereduction 
“Cathode”, and the other is the oxidation “anode”
to ensure that the net value of is+ vevalue.1-Half reactionsA-Oxidation Br
2
+ 2e
-
 
2 Br
-
E°= 1.09 v2 Br
-
Br
2
+2e
-
E°= -1.09 v B-ReductionCl
2
+2 e
-
 
2 Cl
-
 E°= 1.36 v 2-Balance the equation2 Br
-
Br
2
+2e
-
E°= -1.09 v Cl
2
+2 e
-
 
2 Cl
-
 E°=1.36 v 3-Net equation2 Br +Cl
2
Br
2
+ 2 Cl
-
 4- Ecell = E(Cathod, Reduction) - E (Anode, Oxidation)E° = (1.36)
(1.09) = 0.27 vEcell = E(Cathod, Reduction) + E (Anode, Oxidation)E° = (1.36) + (-1.09) = 0.27 v 
 
Faculty-Wide Courses 2009-2010ELECTROCHEMISTRY 
Eng. ISLAM IBRAHIM FEKRY Page 3
Mob. 0109790568Mail. IS-FE@HOTMAIL.COM
 
3
-Predict whether the following reactionwould proceed spontaneously aswritten at 298 K.Co(s) + Fe
++
(aq)
 
Co
++
(aq) + Fe(s)Given that [Co
++
 ] =0.15 M and [Fe
++
 ] =0.68 M 
v44.0-=E v28.0-=E
Fe++FeCo++Co
 
1-Half reactions and balance the equationA-Oxidation 
Co
++
(aq)
+ 2e
-
 
 
Co(s)
E°= -0.28 v
Co(s)
 
Co
++
(aq)
+2e
-
E°= 0.28 v B-Reduction 
Fe
++
(aq)
+2 e
-
 
 
Fe(s)
 E°= -0.44 v 2-Net equation
Co(s) + Fe
++
(aq)
 
Co
++
(aq) + Fe(s)
 3- Ecell = E(Cathod, Reduction) - E (Anode, Oxidation)E° = (-0.44)
(-0.28) = -0.16 vEcell = E(Cathod, Reduction) + E (Anode, Oxidation)E° = (-0.44) + (0.28) = -0.16 v
Dependence of Cell Potential on Concentration
4-
Nernest Equation
)Qlog(n0591.0 -E=E
 
E = -0.16
(0.0591/ 2) * ( log ( [
Co
++
] / [
Fe
++
] )E = -0.16
(0.02955) * ( log ( [
0.15 
] / [
0.68
] )E = -0.16
(0.02955) * ( log ( [
0.220588
] )E = -0.16
(0.02955) * ( -0.65641 )E = -0.16
(-0.019397 )E =-0.140v
 
 Since the value of E is
ve , so that this is anelectrolytic cell  

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