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R3 Security Quick Reference

R3 Security Quick Reference

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Published by Sean Parry

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Published by: Sean Parry on Jul 23, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/26/2014

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SAP R/3 Security Quick ReferenceSAP R/3 Security Quick ReferenceSAP R/3 Security Quick ReferenceSAP R/3 Security Quick Reference
Security Administration Menu Paths
Users: Initial Screen:
Tools > Administration
Transaction Code
SU01
U
ser Maintenance >
U
sers
Profiles: Initial Screen:
Tools > Administration
Transaction Code
SU02
U
ser Maintenance > Profiles
Maintain Authorizations:
Tools > Administration
Transaction Code
SU03
U
ser Maintenance > Authorization
System Message Create:
Tools > Administration
Transaction Code
SM02
Administration > System Messages
L
og of Users on System:
Tools > Administration
Transaction Code
SM04
Monitoring > System Monitoring
U
ser Overview
System
L
og of Messages:
Tools > Administration
Transaction Code
SM21
Monitoring > System Log
Printing Controls:
Tools > Administration
Transaction Code
SP01
Spool > Output Controller 
Control of Batch Jobs:
System > Services
Transaction Code
SM35
B
atch Input > Edit
G
eneral Table Display:
Tools > A
B
AP/4 Workbench
Transaction Code
SE16
Overview> Data
B
rowser 
Table Maintenance:
System > Services > Table
Transaction Code
SM31
Maintenance
Control of Background Jobs:
System > Services
Transaction Code
SM37
J
obs >
J
ob Overview
Maintenance of Table USOBT:
Tools > A
B
AP/4 Workbench
Transaction Code
SU22
Development > Other ToolsGoto > Tcode Assignment
G
eneral Terms for Security
Authorization Object
-Lowest level of SAP access.
U
sed to assign accessvalues to system elements.
Authorization
-A set of values for the fields in an authorization object. For agiven authorization object, there can be any number of authorizations.
U
ser authorizations are held in profiles identified in the user master record.
Authorization Field
-An element of the system that is to be protected by anaccess test. Fields are entered in authorization objects and in A
U
THORITY-CHECK calls. For example, common fields include activity, company code andauthorization groups.
Object Class
-Authorization Objects are divided into classes by SAP module.
Profile
-Second level in security hierarchy. Authorizations are assigned to profiles to create access to specific SAP functionality. Profiles can also becombined into composite profiles.
Users
-Highest level of security hierarchy. Profiles and Composite Profiles areassigned to
U
sers for access to perform their jobs.
User
G
roup
-The user master records are maintained by the same user securityadministrator. A user master record that is not assigned to a group can bealtered by any user administrator.
Administration Module
-The Administration module is the main area of usefor the SAP Administrator. It controls Security, Printer (
B
atch
J
obs) and
U
ser monitoring.
Transaction
-A sequence of steps that makes up a logical unit of work. It can be made up of one or several screens and will be concluded with a systemmessage informing the user of the results.
Transaction Code
-A field of four characters identifying a transaction whenentered in the command field or when a menu option is selected. For example,SM31 is the code for the Table Maintenance transaction.
Naming Convention
-The rules defined by an organization for assigningnames to system objects such as programs, profiles, authorizations, etc.

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