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History, U.S. Honors - CH 2-2B Lecture

History, U.S. Honors - CH 2-2B Lecture

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Published by Marty Irwin
U.S. History - Classroom Lecture: Revolutionary War, post-Declaration of Independence to the 1783 Treaty of Paris.
U.S. History - Classroom Lecture: Revolutionary War, post-Declaration of Independence to the 1783 Treaty of Paris.

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Published by: Marty Irwin on Jun 19, 2008
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LectureHonors U.S. HistoryName:Mr. IrwinWeek 3Period:
Chapter 2-2 Lecture BThe Revolutionary War (Post Declaration of Independence)July 4, 1776 – the Declaration of Independence
Congress approves the Declaration and it is sent out for reproduction and printing.John Hancock, who was the President of the Congress stated that it was important “thatthe people be universally informed.”
August – 1776
The Continental Army attempts to defend New York but they are untrained and poorlyequipped. They are forced to retreat. By late fall, the British have pushed Washington’sarmy across the Delaware River, into Pennsylvania.
December 25, 1776
– Washington pulls a risky move in bad weather. He leads 2,400men in small rowboats back across the ice laden Delaware River.
Washington’s men then march to Trenton, New Jersey and launch a surpriseattack on a unit of Hessian mercenaries.
September 1777
- The British capture the American capital of Philadelphia.
The Surrender at Saratoga
British General John Burgoyne leads an army regiment down a route of lakes fromCanada to Albany, New York. He plans to meet up with another British regiment thatwould come from up New York City, and combine forces with them.
The other regiment has been re-deployed in order to help maintain control of Philadelphia, and Burgoyne has no knowledge of this change.
As Burgoyne travels through the forested wilderness towards Albany, NewEngland militiamen and soldiers from the Continental army engage him in battle.
American troops succeed in surrounding Burgoyne at Saratoga, which results inBurgoyne’s surrender at Saratoga on October 17, 1777.www.mirwin.weebly.comPage 1 of 3
February 1778
Burgoyne’s surrender has greater implications. The French, who had been secretlyaiding the Americans, now believe that the colonists could actually win the war againstthe British. As the result, they sign an alliance with the Americans and openly join thefight.
The Winter of 1778 - Valley Forge
Washington and his Continental Army are extremely low of food and supplies. Theynow must fight the elements of nature in order to stay alive at a winter camp at ValleyForge, Pennsylvania.
More than 2,000 American soldiers die, yet not one soldier deserts Washington’sArmy.
Washington describes the conditions in a letter to a friend, this way:
“To see the men without clothes to cover their nakedness, withoublanketsto lie upon…without shoes…and submitting without a murmur, is a proof of patience and obedience which in my opinion can scarcely be paralleled.” 
Washington gets help from foreign military experts.
Prussian Captain, Friedreich von Steuben arrives in the winter of 1778, to lendhis assistance in training American troops.
From France, the Marquis de Lafayette gives similar help to the new Americans.
With professional military assistance, the Continental Army is transformed into aneffective fighting force.
The British move southward
After Burgoyne’s surrender at Saratoga, the British begin to shift their operations to theSouth.
December 29, 1778 – The British capture Savannah, GeorgiaMay 1780 – Generals Henry Clinton and Charles Cornwallis capture Charleston,South Carolina.Early 1781 – Cornwallis sets his sights on Virginia.
He leads an army of 7,500 mento Yorktown, where he expects to link up with General Clinton and his men.
The armies of Lafayette and Washington move south towards Yorktown.www.mirwin.weebly.comPage 2 of 3

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