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Rome and Greece

Rome and Greece



|Views: 1,519 |Likes:
Published by jordan.steinberg
Notes for a quiz: Warning Very long
Notes for a quiz: Warning Very long

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Published by: jordan.steinberg on Jun 19, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Bronze Age Greece - Map
Knossos Phaistos
Thera Paros Naxo
Attica Athens MycenaeArgos Pylos Tiryns
Asia Minor
Troy MytileneDardanelles
Crete – Minoans
Bronze Age
3000 BCE – 1100 BCE
Dark Age & Geometric
1100-700 BCE
Orientalizing Period
700-600 BCE
Archaic Greece
600- 480 BCE
Transition Period
480-450 BC
The High Classical Period
450-400 BCE
The Fourth Century
400-300 BC
Hellenistic Period
323-31 BC
 Essays on Greece:
Essay Question 1
: Who were the Minoans? List and describe three ways their art influenced the art of a later period inAthens. The Minoans were: (Wikipedia, WSU.edureferences,http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/MINOA/MINOANS.HTM,http://www.dilos.com/location/13406) Bronze Age civilization which arose on the island of Crete. The Minoan culture flourished from approximately2700to1450 BC; afterwards,Mycenaean Greek  culture became dominant on Crete.
The term "Minoan" was coined by the British archeologist Sir  Arthur Evans after the mythic "king" Minos.[1]Minos was associated in Greek mythwith thelabyrinth, which Evans identified as the site at Knossos.What the Minoans called themselves is unknown. In theOdysseywhich was composed centuries after the destruction of the Minoan civilization,Homer calls the natives of CreteEteocretans ("true Cretans"); these may have been descendants of the Minoans. Minoan palaces are the best known building types to have been excavated on the island. They are monumental buildings serving administrativepurposes as evidenced by the largearchivesunearthed by archeologists.Each of the palaces excavated to date has its own unique features, but they also share features which setthem apart from other structures. The palaces were often multi-storied, with interior and exterior staircases, light wells, massive columns, storage magazines and courtyards.  For the Minoans produced a singular civilization in antiquity: one oriented around trade and bureaucracywith little or no evidence of a military state. They built perhaps the single most efficient bureaucracy inantiquity. In 1870, an amateur archaeologist, Heinrich Schliemann, determined to find the real Troy of theTrojan War, the war that is the center of the Homeric poems. After successfully locating and digging upTroy, he turned his sights to the Greek mainland and discovered two ancient cities, Myceanae and Tiryns,which together revealed a civilization that up until that point had only been known in the poems of Homer and Greek drama. His discoveries inspired a man named Arthur Evans to begin digging in Crete in order to discover what he thought would be an identical, Mycenean culture thriving on that island; instead, whathe found was a people far more ancient than the Myceneans, and far more unique than any peoples in theancient world: the Minoans.They were a people of magnificent social organization, culture, art, and commerce. There is no evidencethat they were a military people; they thrived instead, it seems, on their remarkable mercantile abilities.This lack of a military culture, however, may have spelled their final downfall. For the Minoans alsoexported their culture as well as goods, and a derivative culture grew up on the mainland of Greece, theMyceneans, who were a war-like people. Strangely enough, the direct inheritors of their traditions mayhave been the agents of their destruction.Art:The art of the Minoans included large wall frescoes, ceramics, small figurines of terracotta and others of faience, and other works in stone. In the Early Minoan period ceramics were characterised by linear  patterns of  spirals, triangles, curved lines,crosses, fishbone motifs, and such. In the Middle Minoan  period naturalistic designs such asfish,squid,  birds,and lilieswere common. In the Late Minoan period, flowers and animals were still the most characteristic, but the variability had increased. The 'palace style'of the region around Knossos is characterised by a stronggeometricsimplification of  naturalistic shapes andmonochromaticpaintings. Very noteworthy are the similarities between Late Minoan andMycenaean  art. 3 ways their art influenced later art in Athens: 

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