school, community, work, and beyond. It is through communication that collaboration andcooperation occur.Moreover, it is a fact that speech functions are not determined by the type of the sentence,i.e. whether declarative, imperative, etc. The following utterances (a) and (b) do things. There areno special grammatical marks that identify them (they just look like ordinary imperativesentences, but they differ in function):a. Do that one more time and see what happens. (Warning) b. Get out of here! (Giving instructions)It is axiomatic to say that sentences can convey various functions. A simple singlesentence can express different functions. For example, a simple declarative sentence such as'This is my chair' can be viewed as a statement, an interrogative, an exclamatory sentence or anorder. A sentence like “I will see you after three hours” can be taken as a warning, a promise or a prediction, also In saying, "Watch out, the ground is slippery", we performs the speech act of warning someone to be careful.. All of these acts share the same proposition; i.e., I will see youafter three hours, but they differ in their illocutionary force: a warning, a promise, or a prediction. This, of course, depends on the way the speaker exploits the same words, behindwhich he or she wants to convey his or her message to the addressee(s). Moreover, in order toknow which of these views or meanings is implied, we require the pragmatics of the sentence.This would include the following sort of information: about the identity of the speaker andlistener, the speaker's intention in using the utterance, or the context within which the sentencetook place.Depending on the previous preview, the researcher will adopt the speech act theory inanalyzing and comparing the speech act of warning in
varieties. In this study, the researchers will examine, depending on a questionnaire madein UKM, the definitions, strategies, expressions, patterns and means that determine and specifywarning acts in communicative interplays and interactions:
how does an interlocutor express and comprehend warnings in particular social contexts?