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Matrices

Matrices

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Published by: diegoferro90 on Jul 26, 2010
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02/16/2011

 
 
NUMERICAL METHODS
School Of Engineering Of OilsDiego F.Industrial university De SantanderI Semester of 2010
SYSTEMS OF EQUATIONSLINEAR AND MATRIXS
 
M system equations with n unknowns
.It is a set of algebraic expressions of the form:
xj
are the
unknowns
, (j=1,2..., n).
aij
are the
coefficients
, (i=1,2..., m) (j=1,2..., n).
ci
are the
independent terms
, (i=1,2..., m).The numbers m and n they can be any: m> n, m=n ó m <n.You will climb them to ij and ci are real numbers.Climbing aij is the xj coefficient in the i-ésimaequation.When or n it is small, it is usual to designate to theunknowns with the letters x, y, z, t...
 
 
NUMERICAL METHODS
School Of Engineering Of OilsDiego F.Industrial university De SantanderI Semester of 2010
It be observed that the number of equations does not havewhy to be equal to the number of unknowns.When ci=0 for everything i, the system is calledhomogeneously.It is a system of 3 linear equations with 4 unknowns thecoefficients of the first equation of the system are thenumbers 3,-2, 1,-1.The term independent from the same one is 2.
SOLUTION OF A SYSTEM.Solution of a system
. It is every set of values that itsatisfies to all the equations.
To solve a system
. It is to calculate his solution (orsolutions).Given the system:A solution of his is
; and

; z=0; t
.
TYPES OF SYSTEMS
We can classify the systems attending on the number ofhis solutions:
 
 
NUMERICAL METHODS
School Of Engineering Of OilsDiego F.Industrial university De SantanderI Semester of 2010
1.
 
Incompatible
. It has no solution.2.
 
C
ompatible
. It has solution.a.
C
ompatible determined
. The only solution.b.
C
ompatible indeterminate
. Infinite solutions.Incompatible. It has no solution.Compatible determined. The only solution.Compatible indeterminate. Infinite solutions.
NOTATIONS MATRI
C
IAL
A matrix is a set of elements of any nature although, ingeneral, there are usually numbers arranged in lines andcolumns.It is called an order matrix "m × n" to a rectangular setof elements aij arranged in m lines and in n columns. Theorder of a matrix also is named a dimension or size,being a m and n natural numbers.Let's consider a system to be the [1 written in classicform.

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