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sistol

sistol

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Published by: Woro Nurul Seftianingtyas on Jul 26, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/16/2013

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PERBEDAAN TEKANAN DARAH SEBELUM DAN SESUDAHTERPAPAR TEKANAN PANAS PADA PEKERJA BAGIAN
 MOULDING
PERUM PERHUTANI UNIT IJAWA TENGAH SEMARANGTAHUN 2007
SKRIPSI
Untuk Mencapai Gelar Sarjana Kesehatan MasyarakatPada Universitas Negeri Semarang
Oleh :Edi SubagiyoNIM. 6450403205
 
FAKULTAS ILMU KEOLAHRAGAANJURUSAN ILMU KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT2007
 
 ii
ABSTRAK
Edi Subagiyo.2007.
Perbedaan Tekanan Darah Sebelum dan SesudahTerpapar Tekanan Panas pada Pekerja Bagian
 Moulding
PerumPerhutani Unit I Jawa Tengah Semarang.
Skripsi. Jurusan IlmuKesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan, Universitas NegeriSemarang.Pembimbing:1.Drs. Herry Koesyanto, MS, II. Widya Harry Cahyati, SKM.M.Kes.
Kata Kunci
: Tekanan Darah, Tekanan Panas, Tenaga Kerja Bagian
 Moulding.
Berdasarkan survei pendahuluan didapatkan keluhan subyektib dari 20pekerja ruangan bagian
 Moulding
bahwa 15 orang responden (75%) merasakanpanas pada saat bekerja, 16 orang (80%) responden merasakan cepat merasa haussaat bekerja, dan 14 orang (70%) responden merasakan gangguan konsentrasimenurun pada saat bekerja. Lingkungan panas berasal dari atap dan mesin prosesproduksi, dengan kondisi seperti ini sangat membahayakan kesehatan tenagakerja. Iklim kerja yang melebihi 26,7
0
C tidak hanya menggangu produktivitastetapi membahayakan kesehatan pekerja. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan tekanan darah tenaga kerja sebelum dan sesudah terpapartekanan panas bagian
 Moulding
Perum Perhutani Unit I Jawa Tengah Semarangdan mengetahui bahawa tekanan darah sesudah terpapar tekanan panas padabagian
 Moulding
Perum Perhutani Unit I Jawa Tengah Semarang.Jenis Penelitian Yang digunakan adalah
explanatory
dan metode yangdigunakan adalah
cros sectional.
Jumlah populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah 46orang dan sampel yang diambil adalah 31orang diperoleh dengan teknik restriksi.Instrument yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah
Questemp,Sphigmomanometer,
Stetoskop, kuesioner, dan lembar pencatatan data. Datapenelitian ini diperoleh dari data primer dan data sekunder. Data primer diperolehmelalui pengukuran tekanan darah dan pengukuran tekanan panas, selain itu dariobservasi dan wawancara. Sedangkan data sekunder diperoleh dari dokumenperusahaan yang terkait. Analisa statistik menggunakan uji
Wilcoxon Match Pair Test 
. Dari hasil penelitian menunjukkan rata-rata tekanan panas dengan
 ISBB
 adalah 29,59
0
C. Berdasarkan hasil uji statistik untuk tekanan darah arteri rata-ratasebelum dan sesudah terpapar tekanan panas didapatkan hasil nilai
 p = 0,025
dimana (
 p
<0,05). Sedangkan untuk tekanan darah sistolik sebelum dan sesudahterpapar tekanan panas didapatkan
 p=
0,02 dimana (
 p
<0,05) dan tekanan darahdiastolik 
 p=
0,297 dimana (
 p
>0,05).Dari hasil penelitian dan pembahasan dapat disimpulkan ada perbedaantekanan darah sistole dan tekanan darah arteri rata-rata pada pekerja sebelum dansesudah terpapar tekanan panas, dan tekanan darah sesudah terpapar tekananpanas cenderung menurun dari pada sebelum terpapar tekanan panas, sedangkantekanan darah diastole tidak ada perbedaan tekanan darah sebelum dan sesudahterpapar tekanan panas pada pekerja bagian
 Moulding
Perum Perhutani Unit IJawa Tengah Semarang. Saran yang dapat diajukan pada pihak perusahaan adalahlebih memperhatikan ruangan kerja bagian
moulding
dan bagi tenaga kerjadiwajibkan mengkonsumsi air minimal 5 gelas selama bekerja.
 
 iii
ABSTRACT
Edi Subagiyo. 2007.
Difference of blood presure before and afer hot presuresigned on Molding Workers of Perum Perhutani Unit I Central Java
.FinalPrpject. Healthy society major, Physic Faculty , Semarang Stated University.Tentors: 1. Drs. Herry Koesyanto, MS, II. Widya Harry Cahyati, SKM. M.Kes.Clues: Flood Presure, Hot Presure, Moulding worker.According to forword survei was found subjektive complain from 20worker of molding room that is responden people (75%) fell hot when wereworking, 16 responden people ( 80%) fell thisty fast when were working, and 14responden people (70%) felt low concentration when were working. Hotenvironment come from roof and production proces machine, by this condition itdangers workers helthy. Work climate was more ever 26,7
0
C that was onlydistrubt productivity but also endangered worker healthy. This observation meantto know differen of flood presure before and after hot presure signed on Moldingof Perum Perhutani Unit I semarang Central Java.and know that presure after hotpresure signed on Moulding Perum Perhutani Unit I Semarang Central Java.Kind of observation use was explanatory and methode used was crossectional. Population number in this observation was 46 people and sample usedwas 31 people were gotten from restiction. Instrument used in this observationawere Questemp, Sphigmomanomater, Stetoskop, Kuesioner, and data note paper.Data of this observation were gotten from prime data and secondary data. Primedata were gotten by measuring flood presure and hot presure, beside that werefrom abservation and enterview. While secondary data were gotten fromcorporation documents. Staistic analysis used Wilcoxon Match Pair Test.Fromthis observation showed hot presire average by ISBB 29,59
0
C. Statistic analisisused statistic exam for average artery flood presure before and after hot presuresigned was gotten that
P
=0.025 where (
P
<0,05). While sistolic flood presurebefore and after hot presure signed was gotten that
P
=0,02 where (P<0,05) anddiastolic flood presure was
P
=0,297 where (P>0,05).From this observation and explanation can be conclud that there isdifference betwen sistole flood presure and average artery flood presure onworkers before and after hot presure signed and hod presure after being signed thehot incline to go down.Than before being signed, while there is not differencebetwen flood presure before and after hot presure signed on moulding worker of Brumbung wood process indutry Perum Perhutani Unit I Semarang Central Java.Suggestion that can be given to corporation is thay should give more atention toMoulding workers room and for workers is it is a must for them to consume waterat least 5 glases when are working

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