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Dravidian Civilization- Translations

Dravidian Civilization- Translations

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Published by Nandhi Varman
On Dravidian Civilization , Nandhivarman's paper in English along with its translations in 8 languages i.e Greek,Spanish, Dutch, Portuguese, French,German,Arabic,Russian
On Dravidian Civilization , Nandhivarman's paper in English along with its translations in 8 languages i.e Greek,Spanish, Dutch, Portuguese, French,German,Arabic,Russian

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Nandhi Varman on Jul 26, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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N.NandhivarmanGeneral Secretary Dravida PeravaiEnglish-Russian-Greek-Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-French-German-Arabiclanguage translations…..
Paper presented at the National Seminar on The Indus Valley : A Review of Recent Research organized by the Pondicherry Institute of Linguistics and Culture on 28.9.2003 at the Chief Secretariat Conference Hall and inaugurated by the Pondicherry Education Minister K.Lakshminarayanan and Presided by Dr.Pa.Maruthanayagam, Director of PILC.
N.Nandhivarman General Secretary Dravida PeravaiHumanity is engaged in an endless quest to unravel the mysteries of Nature. The origin of the human race, the original homeland of thefirst human being, the first civilization on earth, the birth of thelanguage and its multiciplity and the puzzles of continental drifts, seafloor spreading, etc are some of the fields wherein new evidences arecoming out every now and that which makes such a quest towardstruth a must for proper construction of the history of the human race. The greatness of the Indus Valley Civilization and various clues that itprovides to discover the first civilization on earth needs to beevaluated in the context of changing needs of our times, whereinclaims and counter claims or even doctored claims are made toestablish the Dravidian or the otherwise content of that civilization.In India Sir John Marshall deserves the credit to be the first scholarto suggest that the language of the Indus Valley civilization wasDravidian. Piero Meriggi in his book “ Zur_Indus Scrift “ (which meansOn the Indus Script) written in the German language was of theopinion that Brahui, spoken even now in Balochistan, is the DravidianLanguage which must be the original language of the Harappans.Henry Heras in his book “ Studies in Proto-Mediterranean Culture“turned more than 1800 Indus texts into Proto-Dravidian sentences.In their book “Proto-Indica: 1979,Report on the investigation of theproto-Indian texts by Yu.V.Knorozov, M.F.Ali Bedil and B.Ya.Volchokhave carried out a computer analysis of sign distribution in the Industexts and had proven beyond an iota of doubt that it belonged to theDravidian language family. David W.McAlphin in his book “Proto-Elamo-Dravidian and F.C.Southward in his book “The Reconstructionof Prehistoric South Asia language contact” had successfully used theDravidian roots to reconstruct the language of the Indus Valley.As Dr.Mathivanan had too proven that the Indus script is Dravidian,there is no necessity to question the collective wisdom of all thesescholars, yet there are schools of thought, which want to deny theDravidian roots of the Indus Valley civilization.
Let me quote elaborately from Professor Irafan Habib, who puts up astrong case for the Dravidian family language.“ The Dravidianlanguages constitute the second largest family in India. Tamil,Malayalam, and Kannada belong to the Southern group, Telugu (inAndhra) and Gondi (in widely scattered pockets of Madya Pradesh) tothe South Central, Kolami (in Maharastra) to the Central, Kurukh (in Jharkand, Chattisgarh and Nepal) and Brahui (Baluchistan) to theNorthern. There are also many minor languages attached to thesedifferent groups. Tamil has the longest literary history going back atleast to the first century B.C By comparing the vocabularies andgrammar of these languages, a hypothetical Proto-Dravidian languagecan be reconstructed, which, it is assumed, must have been spokenbefore the speakers of the Dravidian languages separated from eachother. The use of certain retroflex sounds (such as hard l, n, r, rh, thetongue having to curl back just under the hard palate in order topronounce them) is one of the most common traits in the Dravidianlanguages, while such retroflexion is absent in both Austro-Asiaticand Indo-European languages spoken outside the Indian subcontinent. It is therefore a reasonable conjecture that it is Proto-Dravidian or its early successors, from which the Austro-Asiatic andIndo-Aryan languages derive their retroflex consonants. This inferencehas many consequences. Retroflexion as well as a few words (morethan 2 dozen) of possible Dravidian origin are present in the Rigveda.Since retroflexion is totally absent in the Avesta, the earliest Iranian Text, which is very close to Rigveda in vocabulary and grammar, onemust assume that Rigveda reciters introduced retroflexion inpronunciation of even the most impeccable Indo_Iranian words, underthe influence of the pronunciation of the speakers of the earlier locallanguages. Since the Rigvedic hymns were composed in the areabetween the Hindukush and the Ganga, this makes it very likely thatsome of the substrata languages of Punjab or Upper Indus basin atthe time were members of the Dravidian family. The likelihood isincreased by the geographical proximity of the Brahui language,whose speakers are today to be found in northeastern Baluchistan,not far from Punjab.Brahui’s own case for antiquity has beenstrengthened by David MacAlphins discovery of the links betweenElamite.Similarly connections have been seen between Proto-Dravidian and the Uralic languages of Eastern Europe and Siberia,and this would also suggest that there were once Dravidian speakersin latitudes much further to the north than today. There are stronghints towards linking the official Indus language to the Dravidianfamily”, says Irfan Habib.Shareen Ratnagar in her book “Understanding Harrappa Civilizationin the Greater Indus Valley says “Harrappan language was probably agglutinative or a language which added suffixes to an unchangingroot. This feature is characteristic of the Dravidian language family than the Indo-Aryan text; the rgveda shows Dravidian influence

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