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Better by Design. an Innovation Guide - Using Natural Design Solutions

Better by Design. an Innovation Guide - Using Natural Design Solutions

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Published by Cognosfera

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Published by: Cognosfera on Jul 26, 2010
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10/23/2011

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An Innovation Guide: Using Natural Design Solutions
Design or the Environment
Better by Design
better by designAn Innovation Guide
better by designAn Innovation Guide
About the Authors
Fran Kurk
Business Assistance Specialist
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
Curt McNamara, P.E.
Senior Electrical Engineer
Logic Product Development
Edited by: Theresa Gaffey
Layout and graphics: Scott Andre

Review from an industry perspective, special thanks to:
Bernard Gonzalez, 3M Corporate Research
Debbie Horn, IBM Corporation
Steven Pedersen, BAE Systems
Dan Reinke, Environmental Resource Management

Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
520 Lafayette Rd N | St. Paul, MN 55155-4194 | 651-296-6300 or toll-free 800-657-3864
www.pca.state.mn.us
Better by
Design
better by designAn Innovation Guide
Table of Contents

Introduction....................................................................................................................2
What Is Design or the Environment (DE)?...............................................................3
Innovation: A Lie-cycle Perspective...........................................................................4
Materials selection.........................................................................................4
Manuacturing.................................................................................................5
Product use......................................................................................................5
Transport & packaging...................................................................................7
End o product lie..........................................................................................7
Inspiration rom Nature............................................................................................... 8
Nature’s design principles............................................................................ 8
Form fts unction........................................................................................... 8
Sel-assembly................................................................................................. 9
Bioeedback.................................................................................................... 9
Patterns in nature.........................................................................................10
Building a Business Case...........................................................................................10
Cost savings...................................................................................................10
Anticipate rather then react........................................................................10
Getting Started: Use o DE........................................................................................12

DE Tools........................................................................................................................14 Just the acts: Measuring impact................................................................ 15 Checklist questions....................................................................................... 15 Flow charts.....................................................................................................21 Eco-Indicator 99........................................................................................... 22 Sotware tools............................................................................................... 23

Appendices:
Appendix A: Restrictions in Use o Materials.......................................... 24
Appendix B: ISO Plastics Identifcation System.......................................25
Appendix C: International Ecolabel Programs........................................ 26
Appendix D: Bio-materials Resources.......................................................27
Appendix E: Green Fabrics..........................................................................27
Appendix F: Alternative Flame Retardants.............................................. 28
Appendix G: ISO 14001 + DE..................................................................... 29

Sources o Additional Inormation........................................................................... 30
DE Guide Sheets

An Innovation Guide: Using Natural Design Solutions

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