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Published by: عبده الالمعي الالمعي on Jul 26, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network)
The term “Computer Network” to mean a collection of autonomous computers interconnected by a single technology .Bythis interconnection they are able to exchange information.
LocalArea Networks
are privately owned networks within a singlebuilding or campus of few kilometers in size. In a traditional LANwe are connecting computers to the network through cables. Butthe
wireless local area networ
(WLAN) is a flexible datacommunications system that can use either infrared or radiofrequency technology to transmit and receive information overthe air. Here each computer has a radio Modem
and Antenna withwhich it can communicate with other systems. One importantadvantage of WLAN is the simplicity of its installation. Installing awireless LAN system is easy and can eliminate the needs to pullcable through walls and ceilings. WLANs allow greater flexibilityand portability than do traditional wired local area networks(LAN). 802.11 was implemented as the first WLAN standard. It isbased on radio technology operating in the 2.4 GHz frequencyand has a maximum throughput of 1 to 2 Mbps.
Unfortunately, wireless networking is a double-edged sword.WLANs use electromagnetic waves to transmit information, theradio waves can easily penetrate outside the building, it’s a riskthat the network can be hacked from the parking lot or the street.So it’s very important to put enough attention on the WLANssecurity aspects. With wireless networking, there is no physicalsecurity. The radio waves that make wireless networking possibleare also what make wireless networking so dangerous. Anattacker can be anywhere nearby listening to all the traffic fromthe network. By properly engineering and using your wirelessnetwork, we can keep attackers at bay.
 As we know “Computer Net work” is thelinking of two or more computers within a well defined area. Of the common networks used today Local area networks(LAN) serveto provide solutions of the most general interest .A wireless Localarea network (WLAN ) is a flexible data communication systemimplemented as an extension to ,or as an alternative for a wiredLAN. As the name suggests a wireless LAN is one that makes useof wireless transmission medium, i.e. wireless LAN transmits andreceives data over air, and minimizing the need for the wiredconnection. Thus wireless LAN combines data connectivity withuser mobility. WLANs also allow greater flexibility and portabilitythan traditional wired LAN which requires a wire to connect a usercomputer to the network. The initial cost for WLAN hardware can
be higher than the cost of wired LAN hardware. But the overallinstallation expenses and lifecycle cost can be significantly lower.With WLAN users can access shared information without lookingfor a place to plug in, and network managers can setup orargument networks without installing or moving wires. There aremany reasons people choose to deploy a wireless LAN, Increasethe productivity due to increase mobility, Lower infrastructurecost compared to wired networks, Rapid deployment schedules
 The term “wireless “reflects any means of communication that occurs without wires. The wireless is alsocalled unguided media, i.e. wireless provide a means fortransmitting electromagnetic waves but not guided them.Wireless technology in simplest sense enables one or moredevices to communicate with out any physical connection,without requiring network of peripheral cabling.
A wireless LAN must meet some sort of requirements typical of any LAN
High capability
Ability to cover short distances

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