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Frank Notestein Rockefeller the Population Council and Eugenics

Frank Notestein Rockefeller the Population Council and Eugenics

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Princeton University Library
Mudd Manuscript Library
 Finding Aids HomeNew SearchHelp Permanent URL:http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/m326m1736 Download PDF 
Frank W. Notestein Papers, 1930-1977: Finding AidMC184
Frank W. Notestein, taken by Fabian BachrachPublished on November 28, 2005
©
2005 Princeton University LibrarySummary InformationCreator:
Notestein, Frank W. (Frank Wallace), 1902-
Title and dates:
Frank W. Notestein Papers, 1930-1977
Abstract:
Frank W. Notestein contributed significantly to the science of demography and to a better understanding of population problems in world affairs. The Frank W. Notestein Papers contain correspondence, speeches, andwritings documenting the research, ideas, career and leadership roles of this former Princeton professor, director of the Office of Population Research, and president of the Population Council.
Size:
13.3 linear feet (32 boxes)
Call number:
MC184
Location:
Princeton University Library. Department of Rare Books and Special Collections.Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library.Public Policy Papers.Princeton, New Jersey 08540 USA
Language(s) of material:
English.
Storage note:
This collection is stored onsite at the Mudd Manuscript Library.Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library65 Olden StreetPrinceton, New Jersey 08540 USAPhone: 609-258-6345Fax: 609-258-3385mudd@princeton.edu http://www.princeton.edu/~mudd
Mudd ManuscriptLibrary
Contact Top of Finding Aid Summary Information Biography of Frank W.Notestein Description Arrangement Information for Users Subject Headings Contents List 
6
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Biography of Frank W. Notestein
Frank W. (Wallace) Notestein contributed significantly to the science of demography and to a better understanding of population problems in world affairs, notably through his work on family planning and population control. Born in Alma,Michigan in 1902, Notestein received his undergraduate degree from the College of Wooster in 1923. He earned his PhDin Economics from Cornell University in 1927 and was an Economics instructor there from 1926-1927. From 1927through 1928, Notestein worked abroad as a fellow of the Social Sciences Research Council. He began work for theMilbank Memorial Fund, an endowed national foundation that supports nonpartisan analysis, study, and research onsignificant issues in health policy, as a research assistant and then became a member of its technical staff from 1929through 1936, working on differential fertility, the total genetic contribution to the next generation.In 1936, Notestein began as a Lecturer at Princeton University. At the same time, he developed and directed the Officeof Population Research (OPR) at Princeton
’ 
s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs with funding fromthe Milbank Memorial Fund. The OPR focused on the study of the interrelation of population growth and change inunderdeveloped areas and on the social and psychological factors affecting fertility in the American family. By 1941,Notestein had attained full professorship as the Director of the OPR and as a professor of Demography, holding bothtitles until his resignation in 1959. Notestein remained as
 “
Acting Director
” 
of the OPR for the fall 1959 term while hissuccessor, Ansley J. Coale, took a sabbatical. After Notestein
’ 
s resignation, he remained involved at Princeton as a
 “
Visiting Senior Demographer
” 
through 1963. In addition, he was a
 “
Visiting Lecturer in Public and International Affairs,
” 
at Princeton beginning in 1968. He maintained both positions until June 1982.Notestein
’ 
s resignation from full professorship and director of the OPR at Princeton allowed him to become the presidentof the Population Council (PC) until 1968. The PC was founded in 1952 by John D. Rockefeller III to study and promoteunderstanding of the scientific aspects of population change throughout the world by fostering scientific theory andresearch in social, economic and medical fields. Notestein had been a trustee of the PC since its establishment.Along with Notestein
’ 
s positions at Princeton and the PC, he was the organizer and first director of the PopulationDivision of the United Nations, 1946-1948. In 1955 he advised India
’ 
s Minister of Health on population policies andbeginning a population center for training and research on demography in India. He chaired the Technical AdvisoryCommittee on Population for the 1950 United States Census and was a member of the 1960 United States CensusCommittee.Notestein was a co-editor of the
Population Index
, a bibliography of population literature that was the officialpublication of the Population Association of American and the OPR from 1936-1957. He co-authored
Controlled Fertility
 in 1940 and
The Future Population of Europe and the Soviet Union
in 1944, as well as authoring numerous journalpublications. Notestein was a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for theAdvancement of Science, the American Sociological Association, and the American Statistical Association. He was amember of the American Eugenics Society, the American Philosophical Society, the Council on Foreign Relations, theInternational Statistical Institute, the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, the PopulationAssociation of America, and the Century Association.Notestein married Daphne Limbach in 1927; they had no children. He passed away in 1983.
Description
The Frank W. Notestein Papers document his position as a leader in the field of population and fertility research throughhis involvement at Princeton University as the Director of the Office of Population Research and as a faculty member(although the papers do not include substantial information on his classes or students), as well as through his workwith the Population Council and the Population Association of America. It also documents his significant advisory role toboth the United Nations and the United States Government. The Frank W. Notestein Papers include mostly typewrittenletters and notes to and from Notestein, as well as some handwritten information, including demographic research, andtypewritten and printed copies of papers and speeches. Dr. Ansely J. Coale, Notestein
’ 
s successor at the OPR, alsocontributed significantly to this group of papers through his own correspondence and reports.Please see series descriptions in contents list for additional information about individual series.
Arrangement
Organized into the following series:
l
Series 1: Correspondence, 1930-1977 
¡
Subseries 1A: Alphabetical Correspondence, 1930-1977 
¡
Subseries 1B: Chronological Correspondence, 1966-1973 
l
Series 2: Lectures, Publications, and Reports, 1937-1977 
l
Series 3: Personal, 1952-1971 
l
Series 4: Demographic Research, 1942-1972 
Access and UseAccess
The collection is open for research use.
Restrictions on Use and Copyright Information
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must berequested from the Curator of the Public Policy Papers. Any copyright vested in Frank W. Notestein has passed toPrinceton University; researchers are responsible for determining any other copyright questions.
Acquisition and AppraisalProvenance and Acquisition
Gift of Mrs. Daphne Notestein in June 1993.
Appraisal
Appraisal has been conducted in accordance with Mudd Library guidelines.
Related MaterialsRelated Archival Material
Other material at the Mudd Manuscript Library relating to Frank W. Notestein includes his faculty file, part of theUniversity Archives Collection. Additionally, Mudd holds the archives of the Council on Foreign Relations, of whichNotestein was a member. Mudd Library has a strong collection in economics and demography including the papers of Alfred J. Lotka, Ansley J. Coale, and the Hugh Moore Fund, which may also be of interest to researchers.
 
Processing and Other InformationWorks Cited
Material within the Notestein Papers, notably from the Personal Series, provided the information for the biographyon Notestein.
Processing Information
This collection was processed by Jennifer Cole in October 2005. Finding aid written by Jennifer Cole in October2005.
Descriptive Rules Used
Finding aid content adheres to that prescribed by
Describing Archives: A Content Standard.
Encoding
Machine-readable finding aid encoded in EAD 2002 by Jennifer Cole on November 22, 2005.Finding aid written in English.
Preferred Citation
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank W. Notestein Papers, Box and Folder Number; Public PolicyPapers, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library.
Subject Headings
These materials have been indexed in thePrinceton University Library online catalogusing the following terms. Thoseseeking related materials should search under these terms.Berelson, Bernard, 1912- Coale, Ansley J. Lorimer, Frank, 1894- Taeuber, Irene B. (Irene Barnes), 1906-1974 Council on Foreign Relations Milbank Memorial Fund. Population Association of America. Population Council Princeton University Princeton University--Faculty. Princeton University. Office of Population Research. Rockefeller Foundation United Nations United States--Census, 17th, 1950. United States--Census, 18th, 1960. United States. Bureau of the Census 
Population Index
 Demography Fertility Population Population research Correspondence. Lectures. Notes. Publications. Reports. Browse other finding aids related to the following terms:American history/20th century Demography Princeton University 
Contents ListSeries 1: Correspondence, 1930-1977
(8.8 Linear Feet in 21 boxes)
Subseries 1A: Alphabetical Correspondence, 1930-1977
(7.8 Linear Feet in 18.5 boxes)
Subseries Description
The Alphabetical Correspondence Subseries includes files compiled by Notestein, Ansley J. Coale, and theirsecretaries. Files are titled by organization and individual names, or subject; those labeled only with a letter (e.g.,
 “
A
” 
) include correspondence from individuals whose last name begins with that letter or organizational titlesbeginning with that letter. Some cross-referencing was provided within the files, handwritten on green sheets of paper, presumably by a secretary. The majority of these files contain business correspondence to and fromNotestein, with a large percentage being copies of his outgoing correspondence. The correspondence detailsNotestein
’ 
s consultation and research work, his critiques of the work of other demographers and scientists, reportsand speeches by Notestein and others, as well as the business of the Office of Population Research and thePopulation Council. Some of the correspondence is also to and from Ansley J. Coale, who took over Notestein
’ 
sduties at the Office of Population Research after 1959. Notable correspondents include Dr. Irene Taeuber, FrankLorimer, Frederick Osburn, and Bernard Berelson, all noted leaders in the field of population research. Incomingcorrespondence included many requests for reviews and commentary, as well as requests for information aboutfellowship programs and assistance for demographic studies at Princeton.
Arrangement
The Alphabetical Correspondence subseries is arranged alphabetically by folder title (assigned by Notestein, Coale,or a secretary).A, 1939-1974 Box 1, Folder 1African Population Studies
General, 1957-1964 Box 1, Folder 2African Population Studies - Personnel, 1959-1962 Box 1, Folder 3African Population Studies - Wm. Brass, 1960-1964 Box 1, Folder 4African Project Budget and Correspondence, 1963-1964 Box 1, Folder 5

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